Enfield L85 rifle series

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The SA80 (Small Arms for the 1980s) is a series of 5.56x45mm bullpup assault rifles and light support weapons designed on the operation of the Armalite AR-18 and SAR-87 (An advanced AR-18 made by the rival company Sterling Armaments of Dagenham), and produced from 1985 to 1994 by the Royal Small Arms Factory at Enfield Lock.

In 1988 production of the rifle was transferred to the Royal Ordnance’s Nottingham Small Arms Facility (later British Aerospace, Royal Ordnance; now BAE Systems Land Systems Munitions & Ordnance).

Unlike other bullpup weapons like the FAMAS and AUG series, the L85 series has no ambidextrous ejection port, forcing it to be used right-handed only.

The SA80 can be seen in the following films, television series, anime and video games used by the following actors:

Contents

Specifications

(1985-1994)

  • Type: Assault Rifle
  • Caliber: 5.56x45mm NATO
  • Capacity: 20, 30-round STANAG Magazines
  • Fire Modes: Semi/Auto (safety is separate from fire selector)

L85

L85A1

The original variant of the SA80 series issued to the British forces. These were manufactured by Royal Ordnance (Formerly known as Enfield) from 1985 until 1994 after the notorious faults of the weapon in battlefield conditions.

L85A1 - 5.56x45mm NATO
L85A1 with SUSAT scope - 5.56x45mm NATO
L85A1 with SUSAT scope - 5.56x45mm NATO

Film

Title Actor Character Note Date
Aliens Seen on gun rack on Sulaco in extended edition 1986
Patriot Games British Army Guards With covered SUSAT scopes and bayonets 1992
Patriot Games British Army soldiers With SUSAT scopes 1992
Police Story 3: Supercop Royal Hong Kong police officer 1992
Cyber Tracker Seen in armory 1994
The Devil's Own British Army soldiers With SUSAT scopes 1997
K-911 Seen in Phil Cage's armory 1999
28 Days Later British soldiers With SUSAT scopes, with and without bayonet 2002
Dog Soldiers British Army soldiers With blank-firing adaptors and SUSAT scopes 2002
Underworld With SUSAT scope, seen on gun rack 2003
In Her Line of Fire One of the rebels With SUSAT scopes 2006
Resident Evil: Extinction Linden Ashby Chase With M68 Aimpoint red dot scope 2007
Doomsday British Army Guards Appear to be old airsoft toys (due to mini Union Flag near butt plate) 2008
Punisher: War Zone Seen on gun rack 2009
Kick-Ass Seen on gun rack 2010

Television

Show Title Actor Character Note/Episode Air Date
Soldier Soldier Robson Green Dave Tucker w/ SUSAT scopes, w/ and without bayonets and protective covers 1991 - 1997
Soldier Soldier British Army soldiers w/ SUSAT scopes, w/ and without bayonets and protective covers 1991 - 1997
Mr.Bean Training British Army soldiers "Back to School, Mr. Bean" (S1E11) 1990-1995
Mr.Bean Rupert Vansittart Guard Watchman "Goodnight, Mr. Bean" (S1E13); with bayonet 1990-1995
Midsomer Murders UK Territorial Army soldiers "Days of Misrule" 1997 - Present
Dempsey and Makepeace Mark Ryan "Extreme Prejudice" (S03E05) 2002 - 2006
British soldiers "Extreme Prejudice" (S03E05)
Firefly  ??? Alliance soldiers w/SUSAT scopes 2002
Firefly Eddie Adams Bendis "Serenity" (S01E01) 2002
Ultimate Force British MOD police w/SUSAT scopes 2002 - 2006
SAS troopers w/SUSAT scopes, only used for ceremonial occasions
Red Cap Tamzin Outhwaite, others British Army W/SUSATs or Iron Sights 2003 - 2004
Zero Hour  ??? British Army soldiers 2004-2007
Battlestar Galactica  ??? Honor guards w/white-painted handguard and lower receiver 2004 - 2009
Battlestar Galactica  ??? Caprica Resistance fighters w/ SUSAT scopes, "Resistance", "The Farm" 2005
Situation Critical  ??? British Army soldiers w/SUSAT scopes 2007
The Day of the Triffids (2009) British Army soldiers 2009
Occupation Stephen Graham Danny w/SUSAT scope 2009
James Nesbitt Mike Swift
Adam Beresford Richard Swift
Warren Brown Lee Hibbs
British Soldiers
Accused Mackenzie Crook LCpl. Alan Buckley W/SUSAT Scope/ Season 1 Ep02 "Frankie's story" 2010
Accused Benjamin Smith Pvt. Frankie Nash W/SUSAT Scope/ Season 1 Ep02 "Frankie's story" 2010
Accused Ben Batt Pvt. Peter MacShane W/SUSAT Scope/ Season 1 Ep02 "Frankie's story" 2010
Accused British Army soldiers W/SUSAT Scopes/ Season 1 Ep02 "Frankie's story" 2010
Caprica  ??? Caprican police officer 2010

Video Games

Game Title Appears as Mods Notation Release Date
Rainbow Six: Rogue Spear w/ SUSAT scope 1999
Ghost Recon SA80 w/ SUSAT scope 2001
Battlefield 2 w/ SUSAT scope 2005
Black Stock footage 2006
S.T.A.L.K.E.R.: Shadow of Chernobyl IL86 w/optional M203 grenade launcher and suppressor Erroneously shown with controls inverted onto the lefthand side 2007
S.T.A.L.K.E.R.: Clear Sky 2008
Combat Arms 2008
War Inc. Battlezone 2011
ZombiU SA80A2 2012
Jagged Alliance: Back in Action L85 2012
Rainbow Six: Siege 2015

Anime

Film/Series Title Character Notation Date
Akira Neo Tokyo Police troops w/SUSAT scopes 1987
Seven Cities Story: Arctic Front Kung Lung 1994
Spriggan British (?) troops 1994
Upotte!! Eru 2012


L85A2

The L85A2 is a revamped version of the L85A1 with improved components, most notably the external 'Comma' shaped combined charging handle/brass deflector and stronger internal parts. The upgrading of L85A1 rifles to the L85A2 standard was carried out by Heckler & Koch (which, at the time, belonged to BAE) between 2002 and 2006; since then further improvements have been made in response to operational requirements, including new RIS/RAS equipped handguards made by Daniel Defense and the adoption of the ACOG sight by some units in Afghanistan. The new handguards and the adoption of the ELCAN Spectre as the official replacement of the SUSAT will be applied to all British Army units over the next three to four years.

L85A2 - 5.56x45mm NATO
L85A2 with SUSAT scope - 5.56x45mm NATO
L85A2 with magazine removed, Daniel Defense railed foregrip, ACOG scope, Grippod vertical foregrip, and Surefire FHSA80SA flash hider - 5.56x45mm NATO
L85A2 fitted with underslung L123A2 grenade launcher - 5.56x45mm, 40x46mm

Film

Title Actor Character Note Date
Children of Men British soldiers With SUSAT scopes 2006
Flood British soldiers 2007
The Mark of Cain Shaun Dooley Corporal Gant With SUSAT scope 2007
The Mark of Cain Leo Gregory L/Cpl Quealy With SUSAT scope 2007
The Mark of Cain Matthew McNulty Pte Shane Gulliver With SUSAT scope 2007
The Mark of Cain Gerard Kearns Pte Mark "Treacle" Tate With SUSAT scope 2007
The Mark of Cain British soldiers With SUSAT scopes 2007
Cockneys vs. Zombies With SUSAT scopes 2012
How I Live Now British Army soldiers With SUSAT scopes 2013

Television

Show Title Actor Character Note/Episode Air Date
Sherlock  ??? British Army soldier w/SUSAT scope, S01E01 - "A Study in Pink" 2010
Doctor Who  ??? British Army paratroopers w/and w/out Surefire weaponlights 2005 - ????
Ultimate Force  ??? British Army soldiers w/SUSAT scopes 2002 - 2006

Anime

Title Character Note Date
Ghost in the Shell S.A.C. 2nd GIG British soldiers With futuristic furniture, cybernetic sights and underbarrel M203 2004-2005
Upotte!! 2012 - ????

Video Games

Game Title Appears as Mods Notation Release Date
Delta Force: Task Force Dagger Sa-80 A2 w/SUSAT scope 2002
Söldner: Secret Wars 2004
Battlefield 2 With AG36 grenade launcher 2005
Project Reality With grippod foregrip and optional L123A2 grenade launcher, ACOG or SUSAT scopes 2005
Alliance of Valiant Arms With EOTech red dot sight or ACOG scope 2007
Rainbow Six: Vegas 2 w/various optional accessories 2008
7.62 High Calibre w/ various attachments 2008
Counter-Strike Online 2009
ArmA II L85A2 w/ RIS, SUSAT, EOTech sights; also can be fitted with L123A2 grenade launcher 2010
Battlefield 3 L85A2 With various accessories 2011
Battlefield Play4Free With black furniture and optional EOTech red dot sight or M145 MGO scope 2011
Sleeping Dogs Fictional/futuristic version fitted with L123A2 grenade launcher Part of Tactical Soldier Pack DLC 2012
Battlefield 4 L85A2 With various accessories Fitted with Daniel Defense railed foregrip and Magpuls on the magazines 2013
Survarium 2016
Ghost Recon: Wildlands Fitted with Daniel Defense railed foregrip 2017


L22

L22 Prototype

Converted from L86A1 Light Support Weapons, these are issued on a limited basis to AAC, RAC and some REME Crew as a personal defence weapon. Often wrongly refered to as the L22A1, this gun was never given an L designation, known only as an SA80 AFV or Armoured Fighting Vehicle. With the introduction of the L22A2 this weapon has been been retroactively referred to as the L22A1 (even in Ministry of Defence documentation), however this is technically incorrect as it was never given an official L designation, being known only as an SA80 AFV or Armoured Fighting Vehicle.

SA80 AFV prototype with SUSAT scope - 5.56x45mm NATO

Television

Show Title Actor Character Note / Episode Air Date
The Blacklist Airsoft replica / "Anslo Garrick (No. 16)" (S01E09) 2013


L22A2

Converted from surplus L86A1 Light Support Weapons, the L22A2 carbine is intended for use as a personal defense weapon by helicopter aircrew and armoured vehicle crews. They have also been issued on occasion to troops not requiring a full size rifle, such as drivers, dog handlers and combat cameramen, as well as Royal Marine boarding parties. The designation of this carbine is a subject of some confusion, with the argument being made that it cannot be an A2 as despite the fact that it has the "A2" upgrades it is the first weapon to receive the L22 designation so it should logically be the L22A1. However, the right side of the magazine well is marked "L22 A2 5.56 x 45", it has an "A2" stamp on the top of the receiver, and is referred to as the L22A2 in official Ministry of Defence documentation, with the earlier prototype being retroactively referred to as the L22A1. In order to allow a loaded weapon to fit into storage racks, a special 20 round magazine was developed for use with the L22A2.

L22A2 with 20-round magazine and SUSAT scope - 5.56x45mm NATO

Video Games

Game Title Referred as Mods Notation Release Date
Project Reality With SUSAT scope 2005
7.62 High Calibre w/ various attachments 2008
Killing Floor Bullpup with EOTech XPS sight and 40-round magazine 2009
Ghost Recon: Future Soldier L22A2 w/ various attachments 2012



L86

L86A1

The L86A1 Light Support Weapon is the sustained fire variant of the SA80 series. Many have been replaced by the FN Minimi in this role or converted into L22 Carbines for AFV/Chopper crew members as a personal defense weapon.

L86A1 with SUSAT scope - 5.56x45mm NATO

Film

Title Actor Character Note Date
A Sound of Thunder Apartment Resident Lacks either iron sights or optics 2005

Television

Title Actor Character Note/Episode Date
Soldier Soldier British Army Soldiers w/various optics, w/ and w/O BFAs 1991-1997
Red Cap British Army Soldiers w/SUSAT optic 2003-2004

Video Games

Game Title Appears as Mods Notation Release Date
Fallout 2 Light Support Weapon converted to a sniper rifle features tan plastics, lengthened barrel 1998
7.62 High Calibre 2008
Modern Warfare 2 w/ RIS foregrip, suppressor, red dot sight, EOtech holographic sight, SUSAT, thermal sight and/or extended magazine 2009
Call of Duty: Modern Warfare 3 L86 LSW 2011
Battlefield 3 Available in Close Quarter expansion 2012

Anime

Title Character Note Date
Black Lagoon Seen on wall, with SUSAT scope 2006


L86A2

A revamped L86A1 LSW. The L86A2 is in limited usage alongside the FN Minimi, only for DMR purposes as it has superior accuracy/range. The L86A2 is also used by the ACF but only 3-Star+ Trained Cadets are allowed to use this weapon. As of 2009/10, further modifications have been made to L86A2s used in Afghanistan. These have the current foreguards replaced with the DD-quad RAS foreguard (with the ability to add various extras on all surfaces, such as foregrips or flashlights). The outrigger under the barrel can been removed (but bipod retained) or replaced with a RIS/RAS rail system. SUSATs retained, with the intention of replacing them with ELCAN Spectre optics. These modifications have only been made to a select few units L86A2 DMRs. Those units not in, or immediately going to Afghanistan have yet to receive the upgrades.

L86A2 with SUSAT scope - 5.56x45mm NATO

Video Games

Game Title Appears as Mods Notation Release Date
Project Reality optional SUSAT scope 2005
ArmA II Trijicon ACOG Added in Operation Arrowhead: British Armed Forces 2010
Battlefield Play4Free As the "L86A2" With black furniture and optional EOTech red dot sight or M145 MGO scope 2011
Ghost Recon: Phantoms L86 w/ railed handguard 2014


SA80 Prototypes

Various prototypes made by Enfield for the British Government, starting in 1969. Various models, earliest using NATO 7.62. However, both of those listed below used the experimental British 4.85mm round. When NATO adopted the US 5.56 round, the XL70 series was redesigned to fire 5.56 and renamed under the SA80 programme - Small Arms for the 1980's. This project also included an LSW (although that version had a changeable barrel). Originally, the weapon had only a SUSAT - which was built in to the rifle, and non-removable - however, there was a folding foresight (visible).

XL64E5

XL64E5 - 4.85x49mm

Television

Show Title Actor Character Note/Episode Air Date
The Professionals Lewis Collins Bodie "Wild Justice" (S04E02) 1980
The Professionals Martin Shaw Doyle "Wild Justice" (S04E02) 1980

Video Games

Game Title Appears as Mods Notation Release Date
Call of Duty: Black Ops Enfield w/ various customization options 2010
Fallout Tactics "XL70E3 Enfield" fires 5.56mm rounds 2001

Anime

Film/Series Title Character Notation Date
Upotte!! w/SUSAT scope 2012 - ????


XL65E4 LSW

XL65E4 LSW - 4.85x49mm

Video Games

Game Title Appears as Mods Notation Release Date
Fallout 2 "XL70E3" Bipod removed fires 5mm rounds 1998


See Also




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