List of gun abbreviations

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Ammunition Abbreviations


  • 22H: 22 Hornet


  • ACP: Automatic Colt Pistol
  • AE: Action Express
  • AMP: Auto Magnum Pistol
  • AP: Anti-Personnel
  • AP: Armor-Piercing
  • APCR: Armor Piercing Composite Rigid
  • APDS-T: Armor-Piercing Discarding Sabot, Tracer
  • APFSDS: Armor-Piercing Fin-Stabilized Discarding Sabot
  • AP-I: Armor-Piercing Incendiary
  • AUTO: Automatic Colt Pistol (same as the "ACP", not to be confused with "10mm Auto")


  • B: Belted.
  • BMG: Browning Machine Gun, refers to the .50 caliber cartridge designed for the Browning M2, also known as the 12.7x99mm NATO.
  • BGM: This is a US Army code for missiles rather than a direct acronym: it designates the missile as a multiple launch environment (B) ground-attack (G) guided missile (M). The B prefix indicates the missile can be used from a variety of launching platforms with little or no modification.


  • Cal: Caliber
  • CheyTac: Cheyenne Tactical
  • CS: Corson Stoughton. These are the surnames of the two scientists who discovered the tear gas 2-chlorobenzalmalononitrile in 1928.


  • FMJ: Full Metal Jacket


  • Ga: Gauge. A shotgun's gauge is the number of spheres the diameter of the barrel which can be made from one pound of lead. For example, 12 balls can be made to the diameter of a 12-gauge shotgun's barrel, and 20 for a 20-gauge. This is why larger numbers equal smaller calibers. Non-numeric notation (B 1/2, A and AA) is used for some gauges less than 1.5, though these only apply to antique punt guns. The exceptions to this rule are .410 gauge, which is the actual barrel caliber in inches, and the Russian 23mm caliber used by the KS-23.
  • GAP: Glock Automatic Pistol


  • HE: High Explosive
  • HEAA: High Explosive Anti-Armor
  • HEAB: High Explosive Air Burst
  • HEAT: High Explosive Anti-Tank
  • HEDP: High Explosive Dual-Purpose
  • HE-Frag: High Explosive-Fragmentation
  • HE-I: High Explosive-Incendiary
  • HEI-T: High Explosive-Incendiary, Tracer
  • HEIT-SD: High Explosive-Incendiary Tracer, Self-Destruct
  • HESH: High Explosive Squash Head


  • IMI: Israel Military Industries


  • JHP: Jacketed Hollow Point
  • JSP: Jacketed Soft Point


  • LC: Long Colt
  • LR: Long Rifle


  • Mag: Magazine
  • Mag or Mag.: Magnum
  • mm: millimeter
  • MOA: Minute Of Angle
  • MPTs: Malokaliberniy Pistoletnyy Tsentralnogo vosplameneniya

Transl.: Small caliber centerfire pistol cartridge


  • NATO: North Atlantic Treaty Organization

Note: With regard to firearms, this is used in the context of NATO-standardised ammunition, such as 7.62x51mm.


  • +P or +P+: Plus Pressure; overpressure ammunition. They key difference between a +P round and a Magnum round is that a +P round is dimensionally identical to the parent cartridge.
  • Para: Parabellum

Transl.:For War

  • PM: Pistolet Makarova

Transl.:Makarov's Pistol

  • PMM: Pistolet Makarova Modernizirovanniy

Transl.:Makarov's Pistol Modernized
Note: With regard to ammunition, this refers to an overpressure version of the 9x18mm Makarov round.


  • R: Rimmed
  • Rem Mag: Remington Magnum


  • S&W: Smith & Wesson
  • SIG: Schweizerische Industrie Gesellschaft

Transl.:Swiss Industrial Society

  • SJ: Semi Jacketed
  • SOCOM: Special Operations COMmand
  • SPC: Special Purpose Cartridge
  • Spl: Special
  • SR: Semi-Rimmed
  • STANAG: STANdardisation Agreement

Note: STANAG ammunition is that standardised by NATO countries. These are usually specifically STANAG 2310 (7.62x51mm NATO) and STANAG 4172 (5.56x45mm NATO), but also includes 9x19mm Parabellum (STANAG 4090: it could be called 9x19mm NATO, but never is) and 12.7x99mm NATO (STANAG 4383, better known as .50 BMG)


  • TMJ: Total Metal Jacket


  • USN: United States Navy

Note: In the context of this wiki, this specifically refers to the 20x110mm USN cartridge used in the Colt Mk 12 cannon.

  • UXO: Un-eXploded Ordnance


  • Win Mag: Winchester Magnum
  • WMR: Winchester Magnum Rimfire
  • WP: White Phosphorus
  • WRF: Winchester RimFire
  • WSM: Winchester Short Magnum
  • WSSM: Winchester Super Short Magnum

Weapon Abbreviations


  • 93R: 93 Raffica

Transl.:93 Burst


  • A, as in M16A4 or M4A1: Advancement
    • In German weapons (e.g. MP5A3), it may stand for Ausführung (Version, in German: this is also the "Ausf." frequently seen in WW2 German tank names).
  • AA: Anti Aircraft
  • AA: Anti Armor
    • AA-12: Atchisson Assault - 12
    • AA-12: Auto Assault - 12
  • ACOG: Advanced Combat Optical Gunsight

Note: ACOG refers to a specific series of magnifying tube reflex sights designed by Trijicon. It is often incorrectly used, especially by videogames, to refer to any tube reflex sight, or indeed any medium-magnification weapon scope

  • ACP: Adaptive Carbine Platform
  • ACR: Adaptive Combat Rifle
  • ACSW: Advanced Crew Served Weapon
  • ADEN: Armament Development Establishment, ENfield
  • AFG: Angled Fore-Grip
  • AGL: Automatic Grenade Launcher
  • AGS-17: Avtomatischeskyi Granatmyot Stankovyi - 17

Transl.: Automatic Grenade Launcher, Mounted - 17

  • AICS: Accuracy International Chassis System
  • AMD-65: Automata Módosított Deszant - 1965

Transl.: Automatic Modified Landing Assault weapon - 1965

  • AMT: Arcadia Machine and Tool
  • AN-94: Avtomat Nikonova - 94

Transl.: Automatic Nikonov's - 1994

  • APS: Avtomaticheskiy Pistolet Stetchkina

Transl.: Automatic Stechkin Pistol

  • APS UAR: Avtomat Podvodnyy Spetsialnyy Underwater Assault Rifle

Transl.: Special Underwater Automatic rifle

  • AR: Assault Rifle
  • AR: Automatic Rifle
  • AR-10: Armalite Rifle - 10
  • ARGO: Auto-Regulating Gas-Operated
  • ARWEN 37: Anti Riot Weapon ENfield 37mm
  • AT: Anti Tank
  • ATAS: Air To Air Stinger
  • ATGM: Anti Tank Guided Missile
  • AUG: Armee Universal Gewehr

Transl.: Universal Army Rifle


  • BAR: Browning Automatic Rifle
  • BCU: Battery Coolant Unit

Note: refers to two devices on different weapons, both combination power source and gas cooling units: one is inserted into an FIM-92 Stinger prior to firing, the other is an integral part of each encased FGM-148 Javelin missile.

  • BDA: Browning Double Action
  • BDM: Browning Double Mode
  • BDM: Bunker Defeat Munition
  • BFA: Blank Firing Adaptor/Attachment
  • BK-27: Bordkanone - 27mm

Transl.: on-board cannon 27mm

  • Bren: Brno Enfield
  • BUS / BUIS: Back-Up Sight / Back-Up Iron Sight


  • C: Canada

Note: In the Canadian military, most equipment, from small arms to aircraft, typically have designations starting with C. In the context of this wiki, it is used to refer to Canadian military small arms, such as the C7 rifle.

  • C-RAM: Counter - Rocket, Artillery, and Mortar
  • CAA: Command Arms Accessories
  • CAL: Carabine Automatique Légère

Transl.: Light Automatic Carbine

  • CAR-15: Colt Automatic Rifle - 15
  • CAWS: Close Assault Weapon System
  • CCO: Close Combat Optic
  • CDTES: Counter Defilade Target Engagement System
  • CETME: Centro de Estudios Técnicos de Materiales Especiales

Transl.:Center for Technical Studies of Special Materials

  • CETME Ameli: Centro de Estudios Técnicos de Materiales Especiales Ametralladora ligera

Transl.:Center for Technical Studies of Special Materials Light Machine gun

  • CIWS: Close-In Weapons System

A term used to describe rapid-fire guns mounted on warships to defend against missiles and other close-range targets

  • CLU: Command Launch Unit
  • COP: Compact Off-duty Police
  • CPW: Compact Personal Weapon
  • CQB-R: Close Quarters Battle - Receiver
  • CR-21: Combat Rifle - 21st Century
  • CROWS: Common Remotely-Operated Weapon Station
  • CS: Confined Space
  • CTR: Compact/Type Restricted
  • CZ: Crvena Zastava (Yugoslavia/Serbia)
  • CZ: Česká Zbrojovka (Czechoslovakia/Czech Republic)


  • DA: Double Action

The weapon's trigger performs the two actions of cocking and releasing the hammer / striker. DA includes DAO (see below), but also includes designs which allow the hammer or striker to be cocked manually for a lighter trigger pull, and DA / SA designs which by default use the operation of the weapon to cock it and fire single-action, but can fire in double-action mode if the hammer is not cocked.

  • DAK: Double Action Kellerman
  • DAO: Double Action Only

The weapon's trigger performs the actions of cocking and releasing the hammer / striker. The weapon is only cocked during the action of operating the trigger.

  • DEFA: Direction des Études et Fabrications d'Armement)

Transl.: Directorate of Armament Studies and Fabrications

  • DMR: Designated Marksman Rifle
  • DShK: Degtyaryova-Shpagina Krupnokaliberny

Transl.:Degtyaryov-Shpagin Large-caliber


  • EAA: European American Armory
  • EBR: Enhanced Battle Rifle
  • ECOS-N: Enhanced Combat Optical Sight - Navy
  • EGLM: Enhanced Grenade Launcher Module
  • ELCAN: Ernst Leitz Canada
  • EMag: Export Magazine
  • EMR: Enhanced Marksman Rifle
  • ESR: Enhanced Sniper Rifle
  • ETC: Electro-Thermal-Chemical, an experimental form of ignition system only likely to be encountered in science fiction smallarms, since all current experimental ETC guns are tank guns or artillery systems. The system uses an electrical charge to turn the primer into plasma, potentially allowing for highly controlled and complete combustion of the propellant and for more stable propellants to be used which would not work with conventional explosive primers.
  • Effective Range: While not an abbreviation as such, this can be a source of confusion since it means different things for different weapons.
    • Absolute maximum effective range is the range after which the round's energy drops to the point it could no longer be considered lethal. It is often used in press materials making slightly absurd range claims; for example, this is the "effective range" used in claims that the P90 is effective against unarmoured personnel at 400 metres. It should be noted that this range figure does not require that the shooter actually be able to hit their target reliably.
    • Maximum effective range on a point target is typically used for smallarms, and is judged as the distance at which the weapon can hit a human torso-sized target 50% of the time when secured in a machine rest. It does not, however, require that the round retains lethal energy at that time, and if it does not then the absolute maximum effective range will be quoted instead.
    • Maximum effective range on an area target is the distance at which the weapon lands 50% of shots inside an area of defined radius, and is typically used for machine guns, hence their enormous effective range figures even when compared to a rifle firing the same round. It does not, however, require that the round retains lethal energy at that time, and if it does not then the absolute maximum effective range will be quoted instead.
    • Sniper rifle effective range is the distance at which an expert marksman can be expected to achieve a guaranteed strike on a human target.

These are differentiated from the weapon's Absolute maximum range, which is usually only quoted as the range for heavy artillery firing explosive rounds and is the maximum possible range the weapon can fire a round regardless of whether it can hit or destroy a target. As an example of the difference, the effective range of a Beretta M9 (versus a point target) is 50 metres, while the maximum range of a Beretta M9 (aiming it up in the air like a mortar) is 1,800 metres.


  • FAD: Fusil Automático Doble

Transl.: Dual Automatic Rifle

  • FAL: Fusil Automatique Léger

Transl.: Light Automatic Rifle

  • FAMAS: Fusil d'Assaut de la Manufacture d'Armes de Saint-Étienne

Transl.: Assault rifle of the Saint-Étienne weapon factory

  • FDE: Flat Dark Earth

This refers to a range of tan to light brown colors used on various firearms and accessories intended to provide camouflage in desert environments.

  • FG 42: FallschirmjägerGewehr 1942

Transl.:Paratroop Rifle 1942

  • FGM: Fire-and-forget Ground-based Missile
  • FIM: Fire-and-forget Interception Missile
  • FlaK: Flugzeugabwehr-Kanone

Transl.: Anti-aircraft cannon (usage note: FlaK with a capital K is only used specifically to refer to German antiaircraft guns. Without the final K capitalised, it is acceptable in English to use "flak gun" to refer to antiaircraft guns in general and "flak" to refer to fire from such)

  • FN: Fabrique Nationale
  • FNC: Fabrique Nationale Carabine
  • FPW: Firing Port Weapon
  • FR F2: Fusil à Répétition modèle F2
  • FTL: Far Target Location

Note: a laser sighting and battlefield networking system allowing equipped weapons to be used as designators for other weapons. Employed on current versions of the BGM-71 TOW and FGM-148 Javelin.

  • FVG5: Folding Vertical Grip 5-postion


  • GIAT 30: Groupement des Industries de l'Armée de Terre 30 millimeter

Transl.:Industry Group of the Army

  • GL: Grenade Launcher
  • GMG: GranatMaschinenGewehr

Transl.:Grenade Machine Gun

  • GPMG: General Purpose Machine Gun

A GPMG is a machine gun capable of being employed in both the light machine gun role (firing in short bursts, typically using a bipod) and medium machine gun role (firing for prolonged periods on a sustained fire mount such as a tripod). Modern GPMGs are effectively medium machine guns, almost always firing a full-sized rifle round, but are more portable and flexible than weapons classified specifically as medium.

  • GSR: Granite Series Revolution


  • H&H: Holland & Holland
  • H&K: Heckler & Koch
  • HB: Heavy Barrel
  • HBAR: Heavy Barrel Automatic Rifle
  • HMG: Heavy Machine Gun

In modern use, an automatic firearm firing a round of calibre greater than .50 in, designed to provide heavy, protracted automatic fire from a fixed position. Older (WW1-era) weapons were generally classified as heavy based on a combination of sheer weight and intended use as emplaced weapons for sustained fire.

  • HJ-8: Hong Jian - 8

Transl.: Red Arrow

  • HSc: Hahn Selbstspanner Pistole Version C

Transl.: Self-Cocking Hammer Pistol Version C


  • IAR: Infantry Automatic Rifle
  • IED: Improvised Explosive Device
  • IFF: Identify Friend or Foe
  • IMBEL: Industria de Material Bélico do Brasil

Transl.:Military Material Industry of Brazil

  • IMI: Israel Military Industries
  • Inox: Inoxidizable


  • INSAS: Indian Small Arms System
  • IR: Infrared Radiation
  • ITAS: Improved Target Acquisition System
  • ITL MARS: International Technologies Lasers Multi-purpose Aiming Reflex Sight
  • IWI: Israel Weapon Industries


  • KAC: Knight's Armament Company

Transl.: Carbine 98, Short

  • KB or Kb: Kaboom, a slang term for any failure that causes an explosion


  • JSCS: Joint Service Combat Shotgun


  • LAM: Laser Aiming Module
  • LAR: Larisch Augat and Robinson
  • LAR: Light Automatic Rifle
  • LAW: Light Anti-armor Weapon
  • LCR: Light Compact Revolver
  • LDA: Light Double-Action
  • LMG: Light Machine Gun

An automatic firearm chambered in an intermediate or rifle calibre and designed to be carried by a single soldier, fired in short automatic bursts with the aid of a bipod. Light machine guns can be fed by either belt or magazine. Compare MMG, HMG, GPMG.

  • LMT: Lewis Machine and Tool Company
  • LRF: Laser Range Finder
  • LRR: Long Range Rifle
  • LSAT: Lightweight Small Arms Technologies
  • LSW: Light Support Weapon
  • LTA: Launch Tube Assembly, the encased missile of the Javelin launcher.
  • LWRC: Land Warfare Resources Corporation


  • M: Model
  • M&P: Military & Police
  • Malf: Malfunction, a catch-all term for any mechanical failure of a weapon
  • MANPADS: MAN-Portable Air Defense System
  • MAS-36: Manufacture d'Armes de St. Etienne - 36

Transl.:Made in the Saint-Étienne weapon factory - 36

  • MASS: Modular Accessory Shotgun System
  • MAT-49: Manufacture Nationale d'Armes de Tulle - 49

Transl.:Made in the Tulle weapon factory - 49

  • MATADOR: Man-portable Anti-Tank, Anti-DOoR
  • MBUS: Magpul Back-Up Sight
  • MCLOS: Manual Command Line Of Sight

This is a system for guided weapons where the operator must directly guide the projectile, usually using a joystick or similar device.

  • MEU (SOC): Marine Expeditionary Unit (Special Operations Capable)

This typically refers to a unit of the United States Marine Corps, but for the purpose of this wiki it is often used to refer to a variant of the M1911 pistol developed for use by this unit.

    • MG: Machine Gun
    • MG: Maschinengewehr
  • MGL: Multiple Grenade Launcher
  • MGO: Machine Gun Optic
  • MIAD: MIssion ADaptable

Transl.:Mini Machine gun

  • Mk: Mark
  • MMG: Medium Machine Gun

A Medium Machine Gun is a fully automatic weapon chambered in a rifle calibre, designed to lay down protracted automatic fire using a belt feed and tripod. Differentiated from a General Purpose Machine Gun, which can be used in either light or medium machine gun roles.

  • MNVD: Monocular Night Vision Device
  • MOE: Magpul Original Equipment
    • MP: Machine Pistol
    • MP: Maschinenpistole
  • MSR: Modular Sniper Rifle
  • MWS: Modular Weapon System


  • N-37: Nudelman 37 millimeter
  • NAA: North American Arms
  • NOD: Night Optical Device
  • NTK-62: NanaTenrokujyuunimiriKikanjyuu - 62

Transl. "7.62 mm machine gun - 62"

  • NVD: Night Vision Device
  • NVG: Night Vision Goggles


  • OA: Olympic Arms
  • OICW: Objective Individual Combat Weapon
  • OSR: Optimized Sniper Rifle


  • P90: Project 90
  • PADS Position Attitude Determination Subsystem

Note: GPS-based device mounted on top of the scope of the current M41 TOW ITAS-FTL.

  • PaK: Panzerabwehrkanone

Transl.: Anti-tank cannon

  • PAMAS: Pistolet Automatique de la Manufacture d'Armes de Saint-Étienne

Transl.: Automatic Pistol Manufactured by the Saint-Étienne weapon factory

  • PAW-20: Personal Assault Weapon - 20 
  • PDR: Personal Defense Rifle
  • PDW: Personal Defense Weapon. Sales term usually used to refer to SMGs or compact assault rifles designed to fire proprietary armor-piercing ammunition. The use of this term is discouraged on this site due to the lack of formal definition.
  • PIAT: Projector, Infantry, Anti Tank
  • PIP: Product Improvement Package
  • PIVADS: Product Improvement Vulcan Air Defense System
  • PMag: Polymer Magazine

While there are many polymer magazines manufactured by various companies for a variety of weapons, the term 'PMag' on this wiki is typically used to refer to the line of STANAG-compatible polymer rifle magazines manufactured by Magpul.

  • PPSh-41: Pistolet Pulemyot Shpagina - 1941

Transl.:Shpagin's Submachine Gun

  • PPS-43: Pistolet Pulemyot Sudayeva - 1943

Transl.: Sudayev's Submachine Gun - 1942

  • PRS: Precision Rifle / Sniper
  • PSL: Puşcă Semiautomată cu Lunetă

Transl.:Scoped Semiautomatic Rifle

  • PSO-1: Pritsel Snaipersky Optichesky - 1

Transl.:Optical Sniper Sight

  • PSM: Pistolet Samozaryadny Malogabaritny

Transl.: Small Self-loading Pistol

  • PSS: Pistolet Spetsialnyj Samozaryadnyj

Transl.: Special Self-loading Pistol

  • PTRD-41: Protivotankovoye Ruzhyo Degtyaryova - 1941

Transl.: Degtyaryov's Anti Tank Rifle - 1941

  • PYa: Pistolet Yarygina

Transl.:Yarygin's Pistol

  • PWS: Primary Weapons Systems


  • QF: Quick Firing

Obsolete term for naval guns designed to attack torpedo boats: the British Royal Navy established the definition as a gun that fired at least 12 rounds per minute.


  • RARDEN: Royal Armament Research and Development Establishment and ENfield
  • RAS: Rail Adaptor System
  • RCL: Recoilless or Recoiless Launcher
    • RCL: Rocket Launcher (used for the Chinese Type 51 RCL, a clone of the M20 Bazooka)
  • RCO: Rifle Combat Optic
  • REPR: Rapid Engagement Precision Rifle
  • REX: Revolver for EXport
  • RFB: Rifle, Forward-ejection, Bullpup
  • RGP: Remington Gas Piston
  • RIS: Rail Interface System
  • RMR: Ruggedized Miniature Reflex sight
  • RPD: Ruchnoy Pulemyot Degtyaryova

Transl.: Light Machine gun, Degtyaryov's

  • RoF: Rate of Fire. There are typically two "rate of fire" figures for a given weapon:
    • Cyclic rate of fire is most commonly quoted. The figure is based on how quickly the weapon's action can cycle; it is the absolute upper limit for how quickly the weapon can discharge ammunition, and does not include reloads, barrel changes, possibility of jams, etc.
    • Practical rate of fire is seldom quoted, as it involves operator experience and therefore will vary from person to person; if quoted, it is typically the average for a trained operator. It is the rate at which the weapon can be discharged normally, including reloading and barrel changes where applicable, but typically not including jams or malfunctions.
  • RPG: Rocket-Propelled Grenade
    • RPG: Ruchnoy Protivotankovy Granatomyot

Translation: Handheld Antitank Grenade Launcher (usage note: this is what RPG stands for in the Russian RPG-X series of weapons only. In general use, it has the above meaning)

  • RSASS: Remington Semi Automatic Sniper System
  • RVG: Rail Vertical Grip
  • RWS: Remote Weapon Station or Remote Weapon System


  • S&W: Smith & Wesson
  • SA80: Small Arms for the 1980s
  • SA: Semi-Automatic

Semi-automatic weapons partially automate the process of operating the weapon using energy created by the round being fired; typically, in such a design it will be necessary to release the weapon's trigger to reset the sear and allow the weapon to fire again. Double-action revolvers are not semi-automatic weapons, since all the energy used to advance the cylinder comes from the user pulling the trigger; they are manually operated.

  • SA: Single Action

Single action weapons only perform the single action of releasing the striker or hammer when the trigger is pulled; if the weapon is not cocked in some other fashion (the user racking the slide or manually cocking the hammer, or the slide in a semi-auto SA pistol reciprocating and pushing the hammer back) then pulling the trigger will do nothing at all.

  • SAA: Single Action Army
  • SABR: Sniper Assaulter Battle Rifle (LWRC SRT variant)
  • SABR: Selectable Assault Battle Rifle (Alternate name for the OICW)
  • SACLOS: Semi Active Command Line Of Sight.

A method of guiding munitions where the user gives the projectile an aim point and the projectile's flight path is corrected to intersect with that point, usually through the sight tracking the projectile and transmitting instructions to it.

  • SAR 21: Singapore Assault Rifle, 21 st Century
  • SASS: Semi-Automatic Sniper System
  • SAW: Squad Automatic Weapon

Note: SAW is a role (a categorisation based on how a weapon is to be used by troops in the military) rather than a formal type of weapon.

  • SDMR: Squad Designated Marksman Rifle
  • SDO: Squad Day Optic
  • SEF: Sicher Einzelfeuer Feuerstoß

Transl.:Safe Semiautomatic Full automatic

  • SSG 69: ScharfSchützenGewehr 69

Transl.:Sharpshooter Rifle 69

  • SIG: Schweizerische Industrie Gesellschaft

Transl.:Swiss Industrial Society

  • SIRS: Selective Integration Rail System
  • SKS: Samozaryadniy Karabin sistemi Simonova

Transl.: Self-loading Carbine system Simonov's

  • SLAM: Selectable Lightweight Attack Munition
  • SLP: Self Loading Police
  • SLR: Self-Loading Rifle
  • SMAW: Shoulder-launched Multipurpose Assault Weapon
    • SMAW-D: Shoulder-launched Multipurpose Assault Weapon - Disposable
  • SMG: Submachine Gun
  • SMLE: Short Magazine Lee-Enfield
  • SOCOM: Special Operations COMmand
  • SOPMOD: Special Operations Peculiar Modification
  • SPAS: Special Purpose Automatic Shotgun or Sporting Purpose Automatic Shotgun (translation depends largely on who Franchi were trying to sell them to)
  • SPORTS: Slap Pull Observe Release Tap Squeeze (or Shoot)

Note: mnemonic for the jam / misfire drill of AR-15 pattern rifles: slap the base of the magazine to ensure it is properly seated, pull the charging handle all the way to the rear, observe the ejection of the cartridge and check the chamber for obstructions, release the charging handle, tap the forward assist, and then squeeze the trigger to shoot.

  • SPP: Special Purpose Pistol
    • SPR: Special Purpose Rifle
    • SPR: Special Police Rifle
  • SPW: Special Purpose Weapon
  • SR-25: Stoner Rifle - 25
  • SRAW: Short-Range Assault Weapon
  • SS-77: Smith & Soregi - 1977
  • Sten: Shepherd, Turpin and Enfield
  • SUSAT: Sight Unit Small Arms, Trilux
  • STANAG: STANdardisation Agreement

Note: STANAG is a series of NATO standards on everything from military bridges to smallarms ammunition, to allow commonality of equipment between various national militaries of NATO members. It is most usually used on this wiki to describe the STANAG pattern magazines for infantry weapons.

Further note: STANAG 4179, the draft standard, was a suggestion in 1980 to standardize the M16 20- and 30-round magazines for all NATO rifles, but was never passed, largely because of French and German interest in proprietary magazines for the FAMAS and G11. In modern use "STANAG" is used to refer to magazines designed for the magazine well of the 5.56x45mm AR15 pattern lower.

Transl.:Assault Rifle - 44

  • SVT-40: Samozaryadnaya Vintovka Tokareva - 40

Transl.:Tokarev's Self-loading Rifle - 40

  • SWS: Sniper Weapon System


  • TA31RCO: Trijicon ACOG 31 Rifle Combat Optic
  • TAGS: Transparent Armor Gun Shield
  • TASER: Thomas A Swift's Electric Rifle

Note: Taser is generally not capitalised, but the word is derived from an acronym for a fictional weapon in a book the inventor was fond of as a child, Tom Swift and His Electric Rifle by Victor Appleton.

  • TDI: Transformational Defense Industries
  • TEC-DC9: IntraTEC - Designed for California 9
  • TIS: Thermal Imaging Sight
  • TiSAS: Trabzon Silah Sanayi
  • TLE: Tactical Law Enforcement
  • TMP: Taktische Maschinenpistole

Transl.:Tactical Machine Pistol

  • TMRP-6: Protivtenkovska Mina Razorno Probojna - 6

Transl.:Destructive Dielectric Anti Tank Mine

  • TOW: Tube-launched Optically-tracked Wire-guided (or Wireless for Wireless TOW)

Note: This refers to both the BGM-71 missile as well as a whole class of anti-tank guided missiles. For the purpose of this wiki, it is generally used to refer to the BGM-71 missile and launcher.

  • TPS: Tactical Police Shotgun
  • TRP: Tactical Response Pistol
  • TT-33: Tulskiy Tokarev - 1933
  • TWS: Thermal Weapon Sight


  • UBGL: Under Barrel Grenade Launcher
  • UMC: Union Metallic Cartridge
  • USC: Universal Self-loading Carbine
  • USP: Universale SelbstladePistole

Transl.:Universal Self-loading Pistol

  • UCP: Ultimate Combat Pistol


  • VADS: Vulcan Air Defense System
  • VSS: Vintovka Snayperskaya Spetsialnaya

Transl.:Special Sniper Rifle


  • XM: EXperimental Model
  • XVR: EXtreme Velocity Revolver


  • Yak-B: Yakushev - Borzov


  • ZPU: Zenitnaya Pulemyot Ustanovka

Transl: Anti-aircraft Machine gun Mount

  • ZU-23: Zenitnaya Ustanovka 23mm

Transl: 23mm Anti-aircraft Mount

Special Abbreviations


  • AC556: Automatic Carbine 556 millimeter
  • AC556K: Automatic Carbine 556 millimeter Kurz

Transl.:Automatic Carbine 556 millimeter Short


This is for all Kalashnikov/similar guns related abbreviations. It should be noted that "avtomat" in Russian really only implies an automated machine of some kind; it is also a term applied to other devices such as slot machines. "AK" therefore in absolute terms means something along the lines of "Automatic device of Kalashnikov," but it is usually translated as "automatic gun" or "automatic rifle" due to context. It does not contain the Russian word for rifle, which is vintovka, or gun, which is ruzh'ya.

(This is much the same as the way "revolver" in English only means "thing that revolves" and is judged to refer to a gun with a revolving cylinder due to context)


  • AK-12: Avtomat Kalashnikova - 12

Transl.:Kalashnikov's Automatic rifle - 2012

  • AK-47: Avtomat Kalashnikova - 47

Transl.:Kalashnikov's Automatic rifle - 1947

  • AK-74: Avtomat Kalashnikova - 74

Transl.:Kalashnikov's Automatic rifle - 1974

  • AK-107: Alexandrov Kalashnikova - 107
  • AKU-94: Avtomat Kalashnikova Ukorochenniy - 94

Transl.:Kalashnikov's Automatic rifle Shortened - 1994


  • AK-74M: Avtomat Kalashnikova - 74 Modernizirovanniy

Transl.:Kalashnikov's Automatic rifle - 1974 Modernized

  • AKM: Avtomat Kalashnikova Modernizirovanniy

Transl.:Kalashnikov's Modernized Automatic rifle

  • AKMSU: Avtomat Kalashnikova Modernizirovanniy Skladnoy Ukorochenniy

Transl.:Kalashnikov's Modernized Automatic rifle, Folding stock and Shortened


  • AKS-47: Avtomat Kalashnikova Skladnoy - 47

Transl.:Kalashnikov's Automatic rifle, Folding stock - 1947

  • AKS-74: Avtomat Kalashnikova Skladnoy - 74

Transl.:Kalashnikov's Automatic rifle, Folding stock - 1974

  • AKS-74U: Avtomat Kalashnikova Skladnoy - 74 Ukorochenniy

Transl.:Kalashnikov's Automatic rifle, Folding stock - 1974 Shortened


  • AW: Arctic Warfare
  • AW50: Arctic Warfare 50
  • AW50F: Arctic Warfare 50 Folding stock
  • AWC: Arctic Warfare Covert
  • AWM: Arctic Warfare Magnum
  • AWP: Arctic Warfare Police
  • AWSM: Arctic Warfare Super Magnum


  • C8FT: Canada 8 Flat-Top
  • C8FTHB: Canada 8 Flat-Top Heavy Barrel


  • DP: Degtyaryova Pekhotny

Transl.:Degtyaryov's Machinegun

  • DPM: Degtyaryova Pekhotny Modernizirovanniy

Transl.:Degtyaryov's Modernized Machinegun

  • DA: Degtyaryova Aviatsionny

Transl.:Degtyaryov's Machinegun for Aircraft mounting

  • DT: Degtyaryova Tankovy

Transl.:Degtyaryov's Machinegun for Tank mounting


  • FN MAG: Fabrique Nationale Mitrailleuse d'Appui Général

Transl.: General Purpose Machine gun

  • FN MAG 58: Fabrique Nationale Mitrailleuse d'Appui Général 1958

Transl.: General Purpose Machine gun 1958


This section lists all G3 series of abbreviations.


  • G3A3/4: Gewehr 3 Ausführung 3/4

Transl.:Rifle 3 Version 3/4

  • G3KA4: Gewehr 3 Kurz Ausführung 4

Transl.:Rifle 3 Short Version 4


  • PSG-1: PräzisionsScharfschützenGewehr - 1

Transl.:Precision Marksman Rifle - 1

  • MSG-90: MilitärischesScharfschützenGewehr - 90

Transl.:Military Marksman Rifle - 90


  • G36K: Gewehr 36 Kurz

Transl.:Rifle 36 Short

  • G36C: Gewehr 36 Carbine

Transl.:Rifle 36 Carbine

  • MG36: MaschinenGewehr 36

Transl.:Machine Gun 36

  • AG36: AnbauGranatwerfer 36

Transl.:Attached Grenade launcher 36


  • Galil ARM: Galil Assault Rifle & Machine Gun


  • GAU-4/A: Gun Aircraft Unit - 4 / for Aircraft
  • GAU-8/A: Gun Aircraft Unit - 8 / for Aircraft
  • GAU-17/A: Gun Aircraft Unit - 17 / for Aircraft
  • GAU-19/A: Gun Aircraft Unit - 19 / for Aircraft
  • GAU-22/A: Gun Aircraft Unit - 22 / for Aircraft


  • GSh-23: Gryazev Shipunov - 23 millimeter
  • GSh-6-23: Gryazev Shipunov - 6 barreled, - 23 millimeter
  • GSh-30-1: Gryazev Shipunov - 30 millimeter, - 1 barreled
  • GSh-30-2: Gryazev Shipunov - 30 millimeter, - 2 barreled
  • GSh-6-30: Gryazev Shipunov - 6 barreled, - 30 millimeter


  • MAC-10: Military Armament Corporation - 10
  • MAC-11: Military Armament Corporation - 11


This is for various MP-series submachine guns.

Heckler & Koch MP5

Transl.:Machine Pistol 5 Version 1/2/3/4/5

  • MP5SD3/6: Maschinenpistole 5 Schalldämpfer 3/6

Transl.:Machine Pistol 5 Sound Dampener 3/6

  • MP5K: Maschinenpistole 5 Kurz

Transl.:Machine Pistol 5 Short


  • MP7A1: MaschinenPistole 7 Ausführung 1

Transl.:Machine Pistol 7 Version 1

  • MP-9: MaschinenPistole - 9

Transl.:Machine Pistol - 9

  • MP-10: MaschinenPistole - 10

Transl.:Machine Pistol - 10

  • MP18: MaschinenPistole 18

Transl.:Machine Pistol (19)18

  • MP38: MaschinenPistole 38

Transl.:Machine Pistol (19)38

  • MP40: MaschinenPistole 40

Transl.:Machine Pistol (19)40

  • MP41: MaschinenPistole 41

Transl.:Machine Pistol (19)41


  • UMP: Universale MaschinenPistole

Transl.:Universal Machine Pistol


  • NR-23: Nudelman Rikhter 23 millimeter
  • NR-30: Nudelman Rikhter 30 millimeter


  • NSV: Nikitin Sokolov Volkov
  • NSVT: Nikitin Sokolov Volkov Tankovy


  • OA-93: Olympic Arms 1993
  • OA-96: Olympic Arms 1996
  • OA-98: Olympic Arms 1998


  • PK: Pulemyot Kalashnikova

Transl.:Kalashnikov's Machine gun

  • PKM: Pulemyot Kalashnikova Modernizirovanniy

Transl.:Kalashnikov's Machine gun Modernized variant

  • PKP: Pulemyot Kalashnikova Pecheneg

Transl.:Kalashnikov's Machine gun Pecheneg (Pecheneg is an ancient aggressive tribe who lived in what later became Russia)

  • PKT: Pulemyot Kalashnikova Tankovy

Transl.:Kalashnikov's Machine gun for mounting on Tank


  • PM: Pistolet Makarova

Transl.:Makarov's Pistol

  • PMM: Pistolet Makarova Modernizirovanniy

Transl.:Makarov's Pistol Modernized

  • Pistol Mitralieră model 1965

Transl.:Machine Gun Model 1965

  • Pistol Mitralieră model 1990

Transl.:Machine Gun Model 1990


  • PP: Polizeipistole

Transl.:Police Pistol

  • PPK: Polizeipistole Kriminal

Transl.:Police Pistol Criminal


This section is for all Chinese 'Q' guns.

  • QBZ-03: Qīngwuqi Bùqiāng Zìdòng - 2003

Transl.: Light , Rifle, Automatic - 2003

  • QBZ-95: Qīngwuqi Bùqiāng Zìdòng - 1995

Transl.: Light , Rifle, Automatic - 1995

  • QBB-95: Qīngwuqi Bùqiāng Bānyòng - 1995

Transl.: Light , Rifle, Squad automatic weapon, 1995

  • QCW-05: Qiāng Chōngfēng Wēishēng - 2005

Transl.: Gun, Assault, Silenced - 2005

  • QCQ-05: Qiāng Chōngfēng Qīngxíng - 2005

Transl.: Gun, Assault, Light - 2005


This is for various RPG launchers.

  • RPG-2: Ruchnoy Protivotankovyy Granatomyot 2
  • RPG-7: Ruchnoy Protivotankovyy Granatomyot 7
  • RPG-18: Ruchnoy Protivotankovyy Granatomyot 18
  • RPG-22: Ruchnoy Protivotankovyy Granatomyot 22
  • RPG-26: Ruchnoy Protivotankovyy Granatomyot 26


  • RPK: Ruchnoy Pulemyot Kalashnikova

Transl.: Hand-held Kalashnikov's Machine gun

  • RPKM: Ruchnoy Pulemyot Kalashnikova Modernizirovanniy

Transl.: Hand-held Kalashnikov's Machine gun Modernized

  • RPK-74: Ruchnoy Pulemyot Kalashnikova - 1974

Transl.: Hand-held Kalashnikov's Machine gun - 1974

  • RPK-74M: Ruchnoy Pulemyot Kalashnikova - 1974 Modernizirovanniy

Transl.: Hand-held Kalashnikov's Machine gun - 1974 Modernized


  • SCAR: SOF Combat Assault Rifle (a double acronym where SOF stands for Special Operations Forces)
  • SCAR-H: SOF Combat Assault Rifle - Heavy
  • SCAR-L: SOF Combat Assault Rifle - Light
  • SCAR SSR: SOF Combat Assault Rifle Sniper Support Rifle


SIG SG 510

  • SIG SG 510: Schweizerische Industrie Gesellschaft Sturmgewehr 510

Transl.:Swiss Industrial Society Assault Rifle 510

SIG SG 540

  • SIG SG 540: Schweizerische Industrie Gesellschaft Sturmgewehr 540

Transl.:Swiss Industrial Society Assault Rifle 540

SIG SG 550

  • SIG SG 550: Schweizerische Industrie Gesellschaft Sturmgewehr 550

Transl.:Swiss Industrial Society Assault Rifle 550

  • SIG SG 551: Schweizerische Industrie Gesellschaft Sturmgewehr 551

Transl.:Swiss Industrial Society Assault Rifle 551

  • SIG SG 552: Schweizerische Industrie Gesellschaft Sturmgewehr 552

Transl.:Swiss Industrial Society Assault Rifle 552

  • SIG SG 556: Schweizerische Industrie Gesellschaft Sturmgewehr 556

Transl.:Swiss Industrial Society Assault Rifle 556

SIG 750

  • SIG 750 SAPR: Schweizerische Industrie Gesellschaft 750 Semi Auto Precision Rifle

Transl.:Swiss Industrial Society 750 Semi Auto Precision Rifle


This section is for all Czech 'vz' guns:

SA vz. 61/23

Transl.:Submachine gun Model 61

Transl.:Submachine gun Model 23

SA vz. 58

Transl.:Submachine gun Model 58

Transl.:Submachine gun Model 58 Infantry

Transl.:Submachine gun Model 58 Airborne

UK vz. 59

Transl.: Universal Machine gun Model 59

LK vz. 26

Transl.: Light Machine gun Model 26



  • SVD: Snayperskaya Vintovka Dragunova

Transl.:Dragunov's Sniper Rifle

  • SVD-M: Snayperskaya Vintovka Dravunova - Modernizirovanniy

Transl.:Dragunov's Sniper Rifle - Modernized

  • SVDS: Snayperskaya Vintovka Dragunova Skladnaya

Transl.:Dragunov's Sniper Rifle, Folding stock

  • SVDU: Snayperskaya Vintovka Dragunova Ukorochennaya

Transl.:Dragunov's Sniper Rifle, Shortened


  • SVU: Snayperskaya Vintovka Ukorochennaya

Transl.: Dragunov's Sniper rifle, Shortened

  • SVU-A: Snayperskaya Vintovka Ukorochennaya - Avtomaticheskaya

Transl.: Dragunov's Sniper rifle, Shortened - Automatic


  • TAR-21: Tavor Assault Rifle - 21st century
  • GTAR-21: Grenade Tavor Assault Rifle - 21st century
  • CTAR-21: Compact Tavor Assault Rifle - 21st century
  • MTAR-21: Micro Tavor Assault Rifle - 21st century
  • STAR-21: Sniper Tavor Assault Rifle - 21st century

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