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2 cm FlaK

From Internet Movie Firearms Database - Guns in Movies, TV and Video Games
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2 cm FlaK 30

FlaK 30 - 20x138mm B
FlaK 30 - 20x138mm B

The 2 cm FlaK 30 (2 cm Flugabwehrkanone 30) was a 20mm anti-aircraft gun used in the early years of World War 2 by the German armed forces. Due to the Treaty of Versailles, it was forbidden for Germany to develop any anti-aircraft guns. This is why Rheinmetall ordered the Swiss company Solothurn to develop this weapon in 1930. It was introduced to German armed forces in 1934 but soon it was found that it needed some improvements. It was followed by the similar looking 2cm FlaK 38, which solved most of the problems of the FlaK 30.

By the time the new German armed forces were ready to rearm in the early 1930s, armament manufacturers in Germany had accumulated considerable expertise in heavy automatic weapons. This was particularly true of the giant Rheinmetall-Borsig group, and accordingly, the company received an order for a 20-mm caliber light antiaircraft gun. This 2 cm FlaK was ready for use as early as 1935. Designated the 2 cm FlaK 30, this light autocannon was the first in a series of weapons so feared by the crews of low-flying aircraft during World War II.

The FlaK 30 was a fairly complex weapon for its light caliber, which was mounted on a carriage with two wheels for towing and rested on a floor plate when in use. This floor plate provided a stable firing platform with a 360° swivel range and had a seat for the gunner, who in the FlaK 30's original configuration was equipped with a rather complicated version of a reflector sight. However, these sights were further complicated when simple position prediction systems were fitted. This then reached a point where the whole sight was clockwork driven. The whole thing became so complicated that the idea was dropped and later versions were given a simple iron sight.

The gun had a crew of five, but in combat, it was often handled by fewer men, especially when in a static position. Generally, the number mainly consisted of four men, with one usually using a stereoscopic rangefinder. In 1944, however, its function was eliminated, as it had become apparent that the additional range of information was unnecessary in the field. Ammunition was fed to the gun in 20-round magazines but for reasons never fully explained, the FlaK was prone to jamming. At the time of its introduction to the troops, its rate of fire was nevertheless perfectly adequate, but by the beginning of World War II, it was found to be too low to be adequate for the increased speeds of aircraft types after 1940. Consequently, the FlaK 38 was put into production, but those FlaK 30s which were already in troop use continued to be used until they wore out or were lost in action. In the Army's light antiaircraft divisions, there were usually three batteries of 2 cm FlaK to every 3.7-cm battery. But as the war progressed, there were several different compositions of these units.

The FlaK 30 was not only used by the Wehrmacht, however, before 1939 some were sold to the Dutch and even to China. The FlaK was equally used by the German Luftwaffe for defending airfields and other ground installations, and there were also special naval versions for the Kriegsmarine, both on warships and ashore, designated 2 cm MG C/30. Some of the guns also saw service on armored trains, and the weapon was mounted on a variety of half-tracks and trucks for securing motorized columns and troop units. The FlaK 30 was also frequently used against ground targets and there was even a special armor-piercing shell for engaging tanks.

Specifications

(1934 - 1945)

  • Type: Autocannon
  • Place of origin: Germany
  • Caliber: 20mm
  • Shell: 20x138mm B
  • Weight: 450 kg (992 lbs)
  • Length: 4.08 m (13.38 ft)
  • Barrel Length: 1.3 m (4.26 ft) (L/65)
  • Width: 1.81 m (6 ft)
  • Height: 1.6 m (5.24 ft)
  • Crew: 7
  • Elevation: -12°to +90°
  • Traverse: 60°
    • Rate of Fire: 280 rounds/min (cyclic), 120 rpm (practical)
  • Muzzle Velocity: 900 m/s (2,953 ft/s)
  • Effective Range: 2,200 m (2,406 yds)
  • Feed System: 20 round box magazine

The 2 cm FlaK 30 and variants can be seen in the following films, television series, video games, and anime used by the following actors:


Film

Title Actor Character Notes Date
Moscow Skies (Nebo Moskvy) Abandoned on battlefield 1944
Shock Troops (Un homme de trop) German troops 1967
Walter Defends Sarajevo (Valter brani Sarajevo) German troops 1972
Only Old Men Are Going to Battle (V boy idut odni "stariki") German troops Documentary footage 1973
From Hell to Victory US Army soldiers 1979
Das Boot MG C 30; mounted on Submarine 1981
R2B: Return to Base North Korean troops 2012
The Eight Hundred Nationalist Chinese soldiers 2020

Video Game

Title Appears as Mods Notes Date
Medal of Honor: Allied Assault 2002
Call of Duty: United Offensive MG C/30; mounted on German PT boat 2004
Death to Spies: Moment of Truth Mounted on German submarine 2009
World of Warships: Legends MG C/30; mounted on German warships 2019
Call to Arms - Gates of Hell: Ostfront 2021

Anime

Title Character Notes Date
Strike Witches 2 MG C/30 mounted on Bismarck-class battleships 2010
Strike Witches: Operation Victory Arrow MG C/30 mounted on Bismarck-class battleship 2014-2015


2 cm KwK 30

Kampfwagenkanone 30 mounted on an Sd.Kfz. 222 - 20x138mmB

The 2 cm KwK 30 (2 cm Kampfwagenkanone 30) is the vehicle-mounted variant of the FlaK 30 which served as the main armament in the Panzerkampfwagen II light tank and in some armored reconnaissance vehicles. The Wehrmacht first gained operational experience with this weapon during the Spanish Civil War.

Article 168 of the Versailles Peace Treaty imposed severe restrictions on the German Reich's production of war weapons and munitions. Beginning in the postwar period, there were long discussions about the equipment of the weapon classes. With regard to combat tanks, the view was still held in the late 1920s and early 1930s that all calibers between 2 and 4.7 cm were suitable.

As early as June 1931, during the development of the later Panzer I, a tank destroyer (Panzerjäger) with an automatic 2 cm gun on the chassis of the Krupp-Kleintraktor, as the vehicle was called at the time, was already being considered. Automatic 2 cm guns were probably also already envisaged for the armored vehicles for the reconnaissance troops, which had already been in development since 1927. The German government had already decided in favor of the automatic 2 cm gun.

Germany had finally decided on the 3.7-cm caliber for anti-tank purposes, while France first used 2.5-cm and later 4.7-cm guns. Great Britain had decided on the 4 cm caliber (2pdr) for anti-tank and for combat vehicle guns. Thus, the 2 cm KwK 30 did not correspond to what was originally planned for the future tank force. However, the success of the weapon of this caliber was to lead to a long service life for the KwK 30 and its successor, the KwK 38.

The first vehicle type to be equipped with the gun in the Wehrmacht was the 6-wheel armored reconnaissance vehicle Sd.Kfz. 231 / 232, followed by the Panzerkampfwagen II, still in development as "La.S. 100", the armored reconnaissance vehicle Sd.Kfz. 222 and the 8-wheel armored reconnaissance vehicle Sd.Kfz. 231 / 232.

The Panzerspähwagen were heavily armed with the automatic 2 cm KwK 30 relative to other scout cars of the same years. The effect of the armament of the Panzerkampfwagen II was just sufficient for a light tank at the beginning of the war. However, the high rate of fire from the 10-round magazines had a shocking effect on many opponents, and in some cases, the psychological effect on the crews of tanks and armored vehicles was stronger than the physical damage of the projectiles to the vehicles. This occasionally brought combat success to the crews, even though the weapon was unable to penetrate the armor of enemy vehicles.

The 2 cm KwK 30, where available, was used throughout the war, although production ended in favor of the 2 cm KwK 38.

Specifications

(1934 - 1945)

  • Type: Autocannon
  • Place of origin: Germany
  • Caliber: 20mm
  • Shell: 20x138mm B
  • Weight: 450 kg (992 lbs)
  • Length: 4.08 m (13.38 ft)
  • Barrel Length: 1.3 m (4.26 ft) (L/65)
  • Width: 1.81 m (6 ft)
  • Height: 1.6 m (5.24 ft)
  • Crew: 7
  • Elevation: -12°to +90°
  • Traverse: 360°
  • Rate of Fire: 280 rounds/min (cyclic), 120 rpm (practical)
  • Muzzle Velocity: 900 m/s (2,953 ft/s)
  • Effective Range: 2,200 m (2,406 yds)
  • Feed System: 20 round box magazine

The 2 cm KwK 30 and variants can be seen in the following films, television series, video games, and anime used by the following actors:


Film

Title Actor Character Notes Date
Valkyrie mounted on Sd. Kfz. 222 2008
April 9th mounted on Panzer II and Sd. Kfz. 222 2015

Television

Title Actor Character Notes / Episode Date
Three Days of June mounted on Panzer II 2005

Video Game

Title Appears as Mods Notes Date
Call of Duty 2 mounted on Sd. Kfz. 222 2005
Call of Duty 2: Big Red One mounted on Sd. Kfz. 222 2005
Sniper Elite V2 mounted on Sd. Kfz. 222 2012
Company of Heroes 2 mounted on Sd. Kfz. 222 2013
Assassin's Creed Unity mounted on Panzer II 2014
Sniper Elite III mounted on Sd. Kfz. 222 2014
Sniper Elite 4 mounted on Sd. Kfz. 222 2017
Call of Duty: WWII mounted on Sd.Kfz. 231 2017
Post Scriptum mounted on Panzer II and Sd. Kfz. 222 2018
Land of War: The Beginning mounted on Panzer II and Sd. Kfz. 222 2021
Call of Duty: Vanguard mounted on Sd.Kfz. 231 2021
Enlisted mounted on Sd. Kfz. 222 2021
Call to Arms - Gates of Hell: Ostfront mounted on Sd. Kfz. 222 2021
Sniper Elite 5 mounted on Sd. Kfz. 222 2022

Anime

Title Character Notes Date
Girls und Panzer: der Film mounted on Panzer II 2015
Joker Game mounted on Sd. Kfz. 222 2016
Girls und Panzer das Finale: Part 2 mounted on Panzer II 2019


2 cm FlaK 38

2 cm FlaK 38 - 20x138mm B

The 2 cm FlaK 38 (2 cm Flugabwehrkanone 38) was a 20mm anti-aircraft gun widely used by various German forces throughout the Second World War. FlaK 38 and its predecessor 2cm FlaK 30 were produced by Rheinmetall and Mauser in large quantities (the base design of the gun was made by Solothurn, Switzerland). It was the primary German light anti-aircraft gun and was produced in a variety of models, notably the Flakvierling 38 which combined four FlaK 38 cannon on a single carriage.

The German 105mm heavy anti-air gun was also referred to as FlaK 38, despite being unrelated. This is why the German designation always included the caliber in front of the name and introduction year. It was originally used by the Kriegsmarine (German Navy) before being adopted by the Luftwaffe (German Air force, responsible for anti-air weapons) as an AA weapon.

Specifications

(1939 - 1945)

  • Type: Autocannon
  • Place of origin: Germany
  • Caliber: 20mm
  • Shell: 20x138mm B
  • Weight: 450 kg (992 lbs)
  • Length:: 4.08 m (13.38 ft)
  • Barrel Length: 1.3 m (4.26 ft) (L/65)
  • Width: 1.81 m (6 ft)
  • Height: 1.6 m (5.24 ft)
  • Crew: 7
  • Elevation: -12°to +90°
  • Traverse: 360°
  • Rate of Fire: 280–450 rounds/min (cyclic), 120–180 rpm (practical)
  • Muzzle Velocity: 900 m/s (2,953 ft/s)
  • Effective Range: 2,200 m (2,406 yds)
  • Feed System: 20 round box magazine

The 2 cm FlaK 38 and variants can be seen in the following films, television series, video games, and anime used by the following actors:


Film

Title Actor Character Notes Date
The Battle of Stalingrad (Stalingradskaya bitva), Part I German soldiers 1949
Decision Before Dawn German troops 1951
Adventures of Werner Holt (Die Abenteuer des Werner Holt), The German troops 1965
How I Won the War German DAK (Afrika Korps) 1967
Stalingrad German troops 1993
The English Patient German soldiers 1996
Saving Private Ryan German troops 1998
U-571 2000
Serenity 2005
The Island (Ostrov) Twin mounting on a German ship 2006
Valkyrie German soldiers 2008
My Way German soldiers 2011
Red Tails German troops 2012
Hans Kloss: More Than Death at Stake Tomasz Kot Hans Kloss 2012
City 44 German troops 2014
The Captain German soldiers 2017

Television

Title Actor Character Notes / Episode Date
The State Border: Film 5 archival footage 1980 - 1988
The Defeated Heinrich Cassandra Cloé Heinrich Ep. 05 "Bellyful" 2020
Mala Emde Karin Mann

Video Game

Title Appears as Mods Notes Date
Battlefield: 1942 2002
Hidden & Dangerous 2 2003
Medal of Honor: Pacific Assault Could also be a Japanese Type 2 20mm AA Gun copy 2005
Uprising44: The Silent Shadows 2012
Deadfall Adventures Mounted on a submarine 2013
Company of Heroes 2 "2cm FlaK 38" 2013
Call of Duty: WWII 2017
Battlefield V "FlaK 38" 2018
Call of Duty: Vanguard 2021
Enlisted 2 cm FlaK 38 2021


2 cm FlaKVierling 38

2 cm FlaKVierling 38 - 20x138mm B
2 cm FlaKVierling 38 - 20x138mm B

Specifications

(1940 - 1945)

  • Type: Autocannon
  • Place of origin: Germany
  • Caliber: 20mm
  • Shell: 20x138mm B
  • Weight: 1,509 kg (3,327 lbs)
  • Length: 4.08 m (13 ft 5 in)
  • Width: 1.81 m (5 ft 11 in)
  • Height: 1.6 m (5 ft 3 in)
  • Crew: 7
  • Barrel length(s): 1.3 m (4.26 ft) (L/65)
  • Elevation: -10°to +100°
  • Traverse: 360°
  • Rate of Fire: 1800 rounds/min (cyclic), 800 rounds/min (practical)
  • Muzzle Velocity: 900 m/s (2,953 ft/s)
  • Effective Range: 2,200 m (2,406 yds)
  • Feed System: 20 (x4) round box magazines
  • Fire Modes: Full-Auto

The 2 cm FlaKVierling 38 and variants can be seen in the following films, television series, video games, and anime used by the following actors:


Film

Title Actor Character Notes Date
The Battle of the Rails (La bataille du rail) German soldiers Mounted on armoured train 1946
Decision Before Dawn German troops 1951
The Devil's General German soldiers 1955
The Tank Brigade German troops 1955
The Big Runaround German troops 1969
633 Squadron German troops 1964
The Battle of Neretva The Partisans 1969
Kelly's Heroes German troops 1970
The Last Escape German troops 1970
Walter Defends Sarajevo (Valter brani Sarajevo) German troops 1972
Cross of Iron German troops 1977
Rommel German troops 2012

Television

Title Actor Character Notes / Episode Date
Band of Brothers German soldiers "Day of Days" (Ep.2) 2001

Video Game

Title Appears as Mods Notes Date
Commandos: Behind Enemy Lines not usable 1998
Hidden & Dangerous 1999
Return to Castle Wolfenstein 2001
Medal of Honor: Allied Assault 2002
Call of Duty 2003
Hidden & Dangerous 2 2003
Call of Duty: United Offensive 2004
Call of Duty: Finest Hour 2004
Call of Duty 2 2005
Call of Duty 2: Big Red One "Flak Vierling" 2005
Brothers in Arms: Earned in Blood 2005
Sniper Elite 2005
Medal of Honor: European Assault 2005
Company of Heroes 2006
Medal of Honor: Vanguard 2007
Medal of Honor: Airborne 2007
Hour of Victory 2007
Wolfenstein 2009
Just Cause 2 2010
Resident Evil 6 2012
Sniper Elite V2 2012
Heroes & Generals 2012
Enemy Front 2014
Sniper Elite III 2014
Call of Duty: Black Ops III 2015
Sniper Elite 4 "Flakvierling 38" 2017
Squad 44: Letters From The Front "FlaK 38" Single emplacement and mounted on Sd.Kfz. 8 2018
Battlefield V Mounted in Flakpanzer Wirbelwind 2018
Enlisted 2 cm Flakvierling 38 2021
Sniper Elite 5 2022

Anime

Title Character Notes Date
Strike Witches: The Movie At 502nd Joint Fighter Wing airfield 2012
Strike Witches: Operation Victory Arrow At 502nd Joint Fighter Wing airfield 2014-2015


2 cm KwK 38

2 cm KwK 38 - 20x138mm B

The 2 cm Kampfwagenkanone 38 or 2 cm KwK 38 its a variant of the 2 cm FlaK 38 adapted for installation in tanks.

Specifications

(1938 - 1945)

  • Type: Autocannon
  • Place of origin: Germany
  • Caliber: 20mm
  • Shell: 20x138mm B
  • Barrel Length: 1000mm
  • Rate of Fire: 450 rounds/min

The 2 cm KwK 38 and variants can be seen in the following films, television series, video games, and anime used by the following actors:


Video Game

Title Appears as Mods Notes Date
Call to Arms - Gates of Hell: Ostfront Mounted on Sd.Kfz. 234/1 2021

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