The AN-94 (Avtomat Nikonova, lit "automatic device of Nikonov") is a Russian assault rifle designed over a period from 1980-1994 by Gennadiy Nikonov, a designer at Izhmash who had previously created a rather bizarre double-barreled light machine gun in the 70s. It is sometimes referred to as the "Abakan," though this is actually the name of the rifle trial program that led to its creation (and the creation of the AEK-971), effectively the Soviet counterpart to the American ACR program.
The intent was for the AN-94 to be a high-tech replacement for almost all AK-74 rifles in service, but the sheer expense of the complex design (by some accounts costing six times more per rifle than the AK-74) along with its difficult maintenance prevented widespread adoption. While the rifle was adopted on a limited basis by the Army and various civil services in 1995, production was discontinued in 2006.
Based on similar principles to the Heckler & Koch G11, all of the internals of the AN-94 are a distinct group (though unlike the G11 this does not include the magazine) which moves inside the weapon's body as it fires: effectively, it has a second internal receiver. Also like the G11, the AN-94 features a superfast burst fire mode, during which multiple rounds are loaded and fired during a single motion of the overall firing mechanism, firing all of them before recoil is transferred to the shooter; this is a two-round burst in the AN-94, rather than the G11's three, and is slightly slower, 1,800rpm rather than 2,100rpm. Because the magazine does not recoil with the rest of the internal receiver group as in the G11, the AN-94 uses a rather bizarre mechanism involving a pulley inside the handguard which links the internal receiver assembly to the cartridge shuttle with a cable. As the internal receiver moves backwards, it causes the shuttle to strip a round from the magazine and places it onto a lifter immediately in front, so the action can pick it up as it passes. Unlike the G11 where full-auto mode disables the burst mechanism entirely, the AN-94 begins firing on full-auto with a two-round burst, then sustains fire at one shot per cycle at 600rpm. This mechanism requires the magazine be canted several degrees to the right, since the pulley mechanism is on the left.
(1994 - 2006)
- Type: Assault Rifle
- Caliber: 5.45x39mm
- Weight: 8.49 lbs (3.85kg)
- Length: 37.1 in (94.3 cm) (Stock Extended), 28.7 in (72.8 cm) (Stock Folded)
- Barrel length: 15.9 in (40.5 cm)
- Capacity: 30, 45, 60 round magazines
- Fire Modes: Semi-Auto / 2-Round-Burst (1,800rpm) / Full-Auto (2 rounds at 1,800rpm and then 600rpm sustained)
The AN-94 and variants can be seen in the following films, television series, video games, and anime used by the following actors:
|Phantom: Requiem for the Phantom||Zahlen Schwestern (Fünf & Neun)||2009|
|Phantom: Requiem for the Phantom||Zwei||2009|
- Izhevsk Machinebuilding Plant - A list of all firearms manufactured by Izhmash.