Ruby Pistol

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Gabilondo Ruby - .32 ACP
Gabilondo Ruby - .32 ACP
Garate, Anitua y Cia Ruby-Type Pistol - .32 ACP
Garate, Anitua y Cia Ruby-Type Pistol - .32 ACP
Arizmendi Zulaica Cebra - .32 ACP
Victoria Model 1911 - .32 ACP

Contents

Ruby Pistol

The Ruby pistol, also known as the Eibar-type pistol, was a type of pistol first developed in Spain by Spanish firm Gabilondo y Urresti (later Llama) in 1914, heavily based on the Browning Model 1903. It was adopted by the French Army in World War 1 as Pistolet Automatique de 7 millimètre 65 genre Ruby. From 1915-1918, Gabilondo mass-produced Ruby Pistols for the French military. The Ruby was issued to Telephonists, Stretcher Bearers, Chauchat (Machine Gun) Gunners along with Loaders, 37mm Mortar Crews. and Tank Crews. It served on in the French military until the 1930's. Ruby pistols were also supplied to Italy, Russia, Greece and Serbia, and after the WW1 also to Poland and Finland (from French stocks).

When Gabilondo was unable to keep up with the French demand for pistols, they subcontracted the contract to other production shops in Spain, who in turn subcontracted those to other even smaller workshops. This meant that the Ruby was produced by large amounts of manufacturers (about fifty) under a large amount of trade names, like Cebra, Liberty, Destroyer, et cetera. This caused issues with part interchangeability, but the French Military needed a lot of small arms fast, and therefore were in no position to argue this point.

Specifications

(1914 - 1919 (military contracts), late 1920s (commercial))

  • Type: Pistol
  • Caliber: 7.65x17mm (.32 ACP)
  • Weight: 1.9 lbs (0.85 kg)
  • Length: 6.7 in (17 cm), 8.3 in (21 cm)
  • Barrel lengths: 3.1 in (8 cm), 4.7 (12 cm)
  • Capacity: 9
  • Fire Modes: Semi-Auto

The Ruby Pistol and variants can be seen in the following films, television series, video games, and anime used by the following actors:

Film

Film Actor Character Note Date
Westfront 1918 French soldier 1930
Road to Life (Putyovka v zhizn) A commune member 1931
Dragnet Girl Jôji Oka Jyoji On Promo Images 1933
La Bandera Pierre Renoir Capt. Weller Gabilondo Ruby 1935
Jean Gabin Pierre Gilieth Gabilondo Ruby
Daybreak Jean Gabin François Victoria Model 1911 1935
Saboteur Norman Lloyd Fry 1942
Robert Cummings Barry
Lad from Our Town (Paren iz Nashego Goroda) Nikolai Kryuchkov Colonel Sergei Lukonin 1942
Kotovsky Mikhail Astangov Karakozen Unknown version 1942
Mikhail Grodskiy White Army officer
Fighting Film Collection No. 8 (Boyevoy kinosbornik No. 8) Lavrenti Masokha Max 1942
Pyotr Aleynikov Yugoslavian resistance fighter
Vasiliy Zaychikov "The waiter"
In the Name of the Fatherland (Vo imya Rodiny) Nikolay Kryuchkov Capt. Ivan Safonov 1943
Maria Pastukhova Valya Anoshchenko
Mikhail Chepel Kozlovsky
The Secret Brigade (Konstantin Zaslonov) Gennadiy Michurin Councillor Hirt 1949
The Witch (Noita palaa elämään) Toivo Mäkelä Hannu 1952
Hillevi Lagerstam Greta
Baltic Glory (Baltiyskaya slava) Adolf Shestakov Captain 1st Rank Ivan Berngardt 1957
The World in My Pocket Rod Steiger Frank Morgan Cebra model 1961
Monsieur Gangster Robert Dalban Jean Suppressed, Hermanos Liberty, another model 1963
Maigret Sees Red (Maigret voit rouge) Jean Gabin Commissioner Maigret 1963
Guy Decomble Inspector Lognon
Marcel Bozzuffi Inspector Torrence
Police detectives
The Great Spy Chase (Les Barbouzes) Francis Blanche Boris Vassiliev 1964
Fantômas Jean Marais Fandor Cebra Model 1964
Weekend at Dunkirk Jean-Paul Belmondo Julien Maillat 1964
Catherine Spaak Jeanne
The Last Adventure Hans Meyer The Mercenary Suppressed 1967
Adelheid Petr Cepek Lt. Viktor Chotovický 1970
State of Siege (État de Siège) Guerrillas 1972
Battles Without Honor and Humanity Tsunehiko Watase Toshio Arita 1973
Tatsuo Umemiya Hiroshi Wakasugi
Bunta Sugawara Shozo Hirono
Hiroki Matsukata Tetsuya Sakai
Yakuza
Vabank Leonard Pietraszak Gustaw Kramer Alkartasuna model 1981
Jan Machulski Henryk Kwinto
Crime and Punishment (Rikos ja rangaistus) Markku Toikka Antti Rahikainen 1983
Aino Seppo Eeva Laakso
Hannu Lauri Heinonen
Black List (Liste noire) Annie Girardot Jeanne Dufour Cebra model 1984
Vabank II Witold Pyrkosz Dunczyk Alkartasuna model 1985
Jacek Chmielnik Moks
A Very Long Engagement French soldier 2004
Black Book Thom Hoffman Hans Akkermans Suppressed 2006

Television

Title Actor Character Note / Episode Date
Mission: Impossible Barbara Bain Cinnamon Carter Victoria Model 1911/ "Fakeout" (S01E12) 1966
Francis Lederer Senko Brobin Victoria Model 1911/ "A Cube of Sugar" (S01E27)
Kurt Kreuger Polya Victoria Model 1911/ "A Cube of Sugar" (S01E27)
The Strogovs (Strogovy) Seen among Shtychkov's guns; Ep.7 1976

Video Games

Game Title Appears As Note Date
Forgotten Hope 2003
Battlefield: 1918 2004
Battle of Empires : 1914-1918 Ruby 2014
Verdun Pistolet Automatique Ruby 2015
Battlefield V Ruby 2018


UNION pistol

French UNION with magazine and loading tool - .32 ACP

The UNION pistol is a trade name used by French, Spanish, and American companies for a clone of the Ruby, first made in 1925. They came under a variety of specifications, with versions coming in different calibers (generally .32 ACP, some in .25 ACP and some 7.65×20mm Longue models used for French military trials), capacities, barrel lengths, and some even having select-fire capabilities.

Perhaps one of the more famous attributes of the pistol is a 35-round horseshoe-shaped magazine patented for the gun in 1930 in France. French UNION makers were experimenting with large magazines for the machine pistol version, and the straight magazines they came up with ended up being too large to easily use, so the magazine was wrapped around to the front of the gun.


The UNION pistol appears in the following movies, TV shows, and video games:

Video Games

Game Title Appears As Note Date
Hot Dogs, Horseshoes & Hand Grenades .32 ACP French UNION with 35-round magazine, long barrel, no iron sights, automatic capability. 2016





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