Steyr Mannlicher M1895

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Original Austro-Hungarian Steyr Mannlicher M1895 - 8x50mmR Mannlicher
Steyr Repertier-Stutzen M1895 - 8x50mmR Mannlicher
Steyr M1895 Long Rifle (M1930 Conversion) - 8x56mmR Mannlicher
Steyr M1895 Short Rifle (M1930 Conversion) - 8x56mmR Mannlicher
A clear identifying feature of the Steyr M1895 rifle series is the stacking pin that protrudes forward on the left side of the rifle, originally used to stand rifles up against each other in the field - 8x56mmR Mannlicher

The Steyr-Mannlicher M1895 was an Austro-Hungarian bolt-action rifle, developed and designed by Ferdinand Ritter Von Mannlicher. It featured a straight-pull bolt-action feeding from single-column magazine fed by en-bloc 5-round clips. The long rifle featured a 30.1" barrel, and the carbine a 19" barrel. Both rifle and carbine featured a single-piece stock with full-length handguard. It fired the 8x50mmR cartridge. The rifle was produced at Österreichische Waffenfabriks-Gesellschaft, Steyr, from 1896-1918, and Fegyver és Gépgyár Rt. ("Arms and Machine Manufacturing Company") in Budapest from 1897-1918. Over 3,000,000 rifles were produced, roughly 75% at Steyr. Bulgaria purchased many M95s, beginning in 1903. It was the primary battle rifle of the Austro-Hungarian Landwehr and the Bulgarian Army during World War I, and continued to serve the postwar Austrian, Hungarian, and Bulgarian armies.

During the latter half of the 1920s, Mannlicher developed a more powerful cartridge, the 8x56mmR and Austria converted many existing rifles and carbines beginning in 1930, and Hungary followed suit in 1931. Austrian conversions are referred to as M95/30, and Hungarian conversions as M95/31. Rifles converted to 8x56mmR had a large "S" stamped on the barrel shank. Many M95s were captured by Yugoslavia and Greece during World War I, and in 1924 both countries began converting these to 7.92x57mm Mauser. The modifications consisted of a new 23.5" 7.92x57mm barrel with Mauser-type tangent-leaf sights, and the magazine was modified to allow conventional loading with a stripper clip. Conversions were done at FN-Herstal and Waffenfabrik Steyr, and domestically in Yugoslavia. These rifles are referred to as M95/24 in Greek service and M95M in Yugoslavian service.

During World War II the M95 was issued to Nazi German police forces, and also saw action with many partisans in Yugoslavia, Bulgaria, and Italy.

Contents

Specifications

(1895 – 1921)

  • Type: Rifle
  • Caliber: 8x50mmR Mannlicher, 8x56mmR Mannlicher, 6.5x53mm Mannlicher
  • Weight: 7.4 lbs (3.36 kg) (short rifle), 8.4 lbs (3.8 kg) (long rifle)
  • Length: 39 in (100 cm) (short rifle), 50.1 in (127.2 cm) (long rifle)
  • Barrel length: 19 in (48 cm) (short rifle), 30.1 in (76.5 cm) (long rifle)
  • Capacity: 5 rounds
  • Fire Modes: Bolt-Action

The Steyr Mannlicher M1895 can be seen in the following:

Film

Title Actor Character Note Date
Jánošík Soldiers Original M95 1921
Battleship Potemkin Grigori Aleksandrov Chief Officer Giliarovsky Original M95 1925
Arsenal German soldiers Orignal M95 1929
And Quiet Flows the Don (Tikhiy Don) Russian Cossacks Original M95 1930
Mountains on Fire Luis Trenker Florian Dimai Stutzen M95 1931
Claus Clausen Leutnant Kall
Austrian and Italian soldiers
The Black Cat Henry Armetta The Sergeant M95 carbine version 1934
Hungarian gendarmes
The Golden Taiga (Zolotoye ozero) I. Mikhailov Podlipalo Sporterized military rifle 1935
V. Tolstova Marina
Ivan Novoseltsev Andrei Sepanov
The Return of Maxim (Vozvrashchenie Maksima) Russian cavalry 1937
Fedka Nikolay Kat-Oglu Fedka Trofimov Stutzen M95 1937
N. Skalskiy Grishka Skoblo
Red cavalrymen
If War Comes Tomorrow (Esli zavtra voyna) Enemy troops 1938
Lad from Our Town (Paren iz Nashego Goroda) German soldiers 1942
We Will Come Back (Sekretar raykoma) German soldiers 1942
Kotovsky Imperial German soldiers 1942
Fighting Film Collection No. 10 (Boyevoy kinosbornik No. 10) A German soldier 1942
Fighting Film Collection No. 12 (Boyevoy kinosbornik No. 12) German soldiers 1942
Ivan Nikulin: Russian Sailor (Ivan Nikulin - Russkiy Matros) German soldiers 1944
Zigmund Kolosovskiy German soldiers 1946
Pavel Korchagin Ukrainian National troops 1956
The Good Soldier Schweik (Dobrý voják Švejk) Rudolf Hrusínský Josef Švejk M95/30 Carbine 1957
Josef Kemr The tall soldier
Josef Sidlichovský The short soldier
I Dutifully Report (Poslušne hlásím) Rudolf Hrusínský Josef Švejk M95 rifle, M95/30 short rifle 1958
Eman Fiala Jurajda M95/30 Carbine
Fanda Mrázek A gendarme M95/30 Carbine
Antonín Sura A gendarme M95/30 Carbine
Austro-Hungarian soldiers M95 rifles
The Fabulous World of Jules Verne (Vynález zkázy) A pirate Likely original M95 1958
The Great War (La grande guerra) Austro-Hungarian soldiers 1959
Two Half-Times in Hell Hungarian soldiers Hungarian 31M 1961
A Star Called Wormwood (Hvezda zvaná Pelynek) Rudolf Deyl Pvt. František Noha M95 carbine version 1964
Radoslav Brzobohatý Cpl. Vodicka
Jirí Sovák Pvt. Červenka
Martin Ruzek Pvt. Koval
Jan Tríska Pvt. Lojzík
Jaroslav Mareš Pvt. Werner
Josef Vetrovec Pvt. Pelnár
Gustav Heverle Pvt. Kolarík
Ladislav H. Struna Soldier
Austro-Hungarian soldiers
The Corporal and Others Hungarian soldiers 1965
Check Passed: No Mines (Provereno nema mina) Yugoslavian soldiers 1965
The Red and the White (Csillagosok, katonák) Tibor Molnár András 1967
The Eighth (Osmiyat) Georgi Georgiev-Getz "Osmiyat" Bulgarian M96 Carbine 1969
Anton Gorchev Vlado
Stoycho Mazgalov Stamen
Nikola Anastasov "Chaplin"
Bulgarian soldiers and resistance fighters
The Black Angels (Chernite angeli) Bulgarian soldiers and police Bulgarian M96 Carbine 1970
The Stolen Train (Otkradnatiyat vlak) Bulgarian soldiers and resistance fighters Bulgarian M96 Carbine 1971
Hot Winter (Horká zima) Hungarian deserters M95 carbine version 1973
The Day That Shook the World Austro-Hungarian border guards and policemen M95 carbine version 1975
The Pacing Mustang (Mustang-inokhodets) Pavel Klyonov Fred Montgomery Sporterized M95 1976
Cabbages and Kings Anchurian soldiers 1978
Velvet Season (Barkhatnyy sezon) French police 1978
The Secret of Steel City (Tajemství Ocelového mesta) Soldiers and policemen in Steel City M95 carbine version 1979
Identification Marks: None (Osobykh primet net) Russian cavalrymen 1979
Signum Laudis Vlado Müller Cpl. Hoferik M95 carbine version 1980
Jirí Zahajský LCpl. Lorisch
Jan Pohan Pvt. Steiner
Jan Skopecek Pvt. Reisch
Jirí Kodes Pvt. Richter
Austro-Hungarian soldiers
Night Riders (Nocní jazdci) Radoslav Brzobohatý Halva 1981
Leopold Haverl Babušek
Petr Cepek Janoušek
Pavel Zednícek Fořt
Jirí Kodes Jan Bílý
Jirí Krampol Borovička
The Green Wagon (Zelyonyy Furgon) Boryslav Brondukov Grichenko 1983
Dmitry Kharatyan Volodya Patrikeyev
Smoky the Cowhorse (Dymka) Viktor Andrienko Mike Steyr Repertier-Stutzen M1895 1980
Valeriy Chiglyaev Joe
Valeriya Tsoy Lou
Colonel Redl Austro-Hungarian soldiers M95/30 or M95/31 Short Rifles, M95 Stutzen carbines 1985
Uprising A Soviet border guard M95 carbine version mocked as Mosin Nagant Model 1907 Carbine 2001
Zelary Jan Tríska Old Gorcík M95 carbine version 2003
Lake Placid 2 Seen at the sheriff's office. Short rifle variant 2007
Guard No. 47 Karel Roden František Douša M95 carbine version 2008
Austro-Hungarian soldiers
Battle of Warsaw 1920 Borys Szyc Jan Krynicki M95 carbine version 2011
Polish soldiers
The Monuments Men Hitler Youth boy 2014
Wilson City Wilson City Police M95 carbine version 2015
Fritz Lang Austro-Hungarian soldiers 2016

Television

Show Title Actor Character Note / Episode Air Date
Bors Various characters 1968
Once There Was a House (Byl jednou jeden dum) Jirí Sovák Matěj Budák M95 carbine version; "Bio Ilusion" (S1E2), "Obvaziste Boccaccio" (S1E5) 1974
Once There Was a House (Byl jednou jeden dum) Vladimír Mensík Eduard Drvota M95 carbine version; "Bio Ilusion" (S1E2) 1974
Front Without Mercy (Front ohne Gnade) Spanish Republicans, Italian soldiers Carbine; Ep.5-6 1984
Lenin...The Train German and French soldiers 1988
Wounded Stones (Ranenyye kamni) Nikita Dzhigurda Asker Sporterized 1988
Igor Slobodskoy Akhmat
Hearts of Three (Serdtsa tryokh) Gediminas Girdvainis Mariano Vercara Sporterized 1992
The Young Indiana Jones Chronicles German soldier 1992-1994
Sarajevo 1914. The Eve of the Great War Austro-Hungarian soldiers 2014
14 - Diaries of the Great War Austrian soldiers 2014

Video Games

Game Title Appears as Note Release Date
Battlefield: 1918 2004
Battle of Empires : 1914-1918 2014
Battlefield 1 Gewehr M. 95 2016
Sniper Elite 4 Mannlicher M1895 2017
Battlefield V Gewehr M. 95/30 2018

Anime

Title Character Note Date
Izetta: The Last Witch Elystadt forces 2016
Saga of Tanya the Evil Dachia Grand Duchy's regular infantry Mannlicher M1893 2017

Steyr Mannlicher M1888-90

Austro-Hungarian Steyr Mannlicher M1888-90 - 8x50mmR Mannlicher

After the introduction of the French Lebel 1886 in 8 mm, the Austrians found themselves in a position of subjugation because their rifle regulation was still the Mannlicher 1886 11mm caliber. It was then decided to develop a new ammunition similar to the French, and so the Mannlicher 1888 model 8x50R caliber black powder was born. A total of approximately 290,000 copies were produced from the Arsenal OEWG Steyr (Österreichische Gesellschaft Waffenfabrik Werndl in Steyr).

In 1890, after the introduction of the smokeless powder and corresponding ammunition, the rear sight was modified by applying two plates to uphold their calibration from 300 to 1800 steps (225-1350 m) on the left-hand scale and from 2000 to 3000 steps (1500 - 2250 m) in the right graduation and became the 1888-90 model. Many of these rifles were taken by the Italians as war booty in 1917 and subsequently deployed in the Second World War. The 1888/90 model was also officially delivered to Bulgaria, Greece and Hungary, but also used in the Chilean Civil War of 1891.

Specifications

(1888 – 1896)

  • Type: Rifle
  • Caliber: 8x52mmR Mannlicher (M88), 8x50mmR Mannlicher (M88-90)
  • Weight: 9.7 lbs (4.41 kg)
  • Length: 50 in (1,280 mm)
  • Barrel length: 30.1 in (765 mm)
  • Capacity: 5 rounds
  • Fire Modes: Bolt-Action

Film

Title Actor Character Note Date
The Sisters (Syostry) Austro-Hungarian soldier With non-standard bayonet 1957
The Great Road Austro-Hungarian soldiers 1962
The Red and the White (Csillagosok, katonák) Tibor Molnár András Some with flat rear sights 1967
József Madaras István
Juhász Jácint Janós
Two Comrades Were Serving (Sluzhili dva tovarishcha) A Red Army soldier Supposedly M1885 1968
Identification Marks: None (Osobykh primet net) Russian cavalrymen 1979
The Lost City of Z Charlie Hunnam Col. Percy Fawcett 2017

Television

Show Title Actor Character Note / Episode Air Date
The Road to Calvary (Khozhdenie po mukam) Austro-Hungarian soldiers, Czechoslovak Legioneers M85; Ep.2,3,6 1977
Cabbages and Kings Anchurian soldiers 1978
Hearts of Three Warriors of The Blind Brigand 1992

Hembrug M95

Hemburg M95 Long Rifle - 6.5x53mm Mannlicher

In 1895, the Royal Netherlands Army adopted a variant of the Mannlicher M.1893 produced for Romania, which was in-turn developed from the German Gewehr 88. This was a conventional turn-bolt action feeding from a Mannlicher 5-round magazine loaded with en-bloc clips, chambered in 6.5x53mmR. It featured a 28.5" barrel, one-piece stock and half-length handguard.

Two carbine variants were produced, No.1 and No.3 (see discussion page). Initial production was at Waffenfabrik Steyr beginning in 1895, however in 1904 licensed production began at Hembrug Zaandam in the Netherlands; roughly 470,000 rifles were produced. It served the Dutch Army for 47 years, due to the lack of funds to replace it.

The Hembrug M95 can be seen in the following:

Film

Title Actor Character Note Date
Operation Amsterdam Dutch soldiers and resistance fighters rifle version 1959
Pretty Boy Floyd Roy Fant Jed Watkins KNIL No.1 Carbine 1960
Soldier of Orange Derek de Lint Alex Rifle version 1977
Huib Rooymans Jan Weinberg No.1 carbine version
Dutch soldiers No.1 & No.3 carbine versions plus rifle version

FÉG 35M

Hungarian FÉG Puska 1935 Minta (35M) rifle - 8x56mmR Mannlicher

FÉG 35M is a Hungarian rifle based on Mannlicher system. It is chambered in 8x56R. The rifle was designed and manufactured by FÉG weapon factory from 1935 until 1950s.

The FÉG 35M and variants can be seen in the following films, television series, video games, and anime used by the following actors:

Film

Title Actor Character Note Date
The Green Wagon (Zelyonyy Furgon) Vladimir Kolokoltsev Volodya Kozachenkox 1959
Yuri Timoshenko Grichenko
The Corporal and Others German soldiers 1965
Cabbages and Kings Anchurian soldiers 1978
The Green Wagon (Zelyonyy Furgon) Dmitry Kharatyan Volodya Patrikeyev 1983
Colonel Redl Austro-Hungarian soldiers 1985

Television

Title Actor Character Note Date
Hearts of Three (Serdtsa tryokh) Vladimir Shevelkov Francis Morgan 1992
Solano brothers, gendarmes, brigands

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