Steyr Mannlicher M1895

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Original Austro-Hungarian Steyr Mannlicher M1895 - 8x50mmR Mannlicher
Steyr Repertier-Stutzen M1895 - 8x50mmR Mannlicher
Steyr M1895 Long Rifle (M1930 Conversion) - 8x56mmR Mannlicher
Steyr M1895 Short Rifle (M1930 Conversion) - 8x56mmR Mannlicher
A clear identifying feature of the Steyr M1895 rifle series is the stacking pin that protrudes forward on the left side of the rifle, originally used to stand rifles up against each other in the field - 8x56mmR Mannlicher

The Steyr-Mannlicher M1895 was an Austro-Hungarian bolt-action rifle, developed and designed by Ferdinand Ritter Von Mannlicher. It featured a straight-pull bolt-action feeding from single-column magazine fed by en-bloc 5-round clips. The long rifle featured a 30.1" barrel, and the carbine a 19" barrel. Both rifle and carbine featured a single-piece stock with full-length handguard. It fired the 8x50mmR cartridge. The rifle was produced at Österreichische Waffenfabriks-Gesellschaft, Steyr, from 1896-1918, and Fegyver és Gépgyár Rt. ("Arms and Machine Manufacturing Company") in Budapest from 1897-1918. Over 3,000,000 rifles were produced, roughly 75% at Steyr. Bulgaria purchased many M95s, beginning in 1903. It was the primary battle rifle of the Austro-Hungarian Landwehr and the Bulgarian Army during World War I, and continued to serve the postwar Austrian, Hungarian, and Bulgarian armies.

During the latter half of the 1920s, Mannlicher developed a more powerful cartridge, the 8x56mmR and Austria converted many existing rifles and carbines beginning in 1930, and Hungary followed suit in 1931. Austrian conversions are referred to as M95/30, and Hungarian conversions as M95/31. Rifles converted to 8x56mmR had a large "S" stamped on the barrel shank. Many M95s were captured by Yugoslavia and Greece during World War I, and in 1924 both countries began converting these to 7.92x57mm Mauser. The modifications consisted of a new 23.5" 7.92x57mm barrel with Mauser-type tangent-leaf sights, and the magazine was modified to allow conventional loading with a stripper clip. Conversions were done at FN-Herstal and Waffenfabrik Steyr, and domestically in Yugoslavia. These rifles are referred to as M95/24 in Greek service and M95M in Yugoslavian service.

During World War II the M95 was issued to Nazi German police forces, and also saw action with many partisans in Yugoslavia, Bulgaria, and Italy.

Contents

Specifications

(1895 – 1921)

  • Type: Rifle
  • Caliber: 8x50mmR Mannlicher, 8x56mmR Mannlicher, 6.5x53mm Mannlicher
  • Weight: 7.4 lbs (3.36 kg) (short rifle), 8.4 lbs (3.8 kg) (long rifle)
  • Length: 39 in (100 cm) (short rifle), 50.1 in (127.2 cm) (long rifle)
  • Barrel length: 19 in (48 cm) (short rifle), 30.1 in (76.5 cm) (long rifle)
  • Capacity: 5 rounds
  • Fire Modes: Bolt-Action

The Steyr Mannlicher M1895 can be seen in the following:

Film

Title Actor Character Note Date
Jánošík Soldiers Original M95 1921
Battleship Potemkin Grigori Aleksandrov Chief Officer Giliarovsky Original M95 1925
And Quiet Flows the Don (Tikhiy Don) Russian Cossacks Original M95 1930
Mountains on Fire Austrian and Italian soldiers Original M95 1931
The Black Cat Henry Armetta The Sergeant M95 carbine version 1934
Hungarian gendarmes
If War Comes Tomorrow (Esli zavtra voyna) Enemy troops 1938
Ivan Nikulin: Russian Sailor (Ivan Nikulin - Russkiy Matros) German soldiers 1944
The Fabulous World of Jules Verne (Vynález zkázy) A pirate Likely original M95 1985
The Great War (La grande guerra) Austro-Hungarian soldiers 1959
Two Half-Times in Hell Hungarian soldiers Hungarian 31M 1961
A Star Called Wormwood (Hvezda zvaná Pelynek) Rudolf Deyl Pvt. František Noha M95 carbine version 1964
Radoslav Brzobohatý Cpl. Vodicka M95 carbine version
Jirí Sovák Pvt. Červenka M95 carbine version
Martin Ruzek Pvt. Koval M95 carbine version
Jan Tríska Pvt. Lojzík M95 carbine version
Jaroslav Mareš Pvt. Werner M95 carbine version
Josef Vetrovec Pvt. Pelnár M95 carbine version
Gustav Heverle Pvt. Kolarík M95 carbine version
Ladislav H. Struna Soldier M95 carbine version
Austro-Hungarian soldiers
The Corporal and Others Hungarian soldiers 1965
Check Passed: No Mines (Provereno nema mina) Yugoslavian soldiers 1965
The Eighth (Osmiyat) Georgi Georgiev-Getz "Osmiyat" Bulgarian M96 Carbine 1969
The Eighth (Osmiyat) Anton Gorchev Vlado Bulgarian M96 Carbine 1969
The Eighth (Osmiyat) Stoycho Mazgalov Stamen Bulgarian M96 Carbine 1969
The Eighth (Osmiyat) Nikola Anastasov "Chaplin" Bulgarian M96 Carbine 1969
The Eighth (Osmiyat) Bulgarian soldiers and resistance fighters Bulgarian M96 Carbine 1969
The Stolen Train (Otkradnatiyat vlak) Bulgarian soldiers and resistance fighters Bulgarian M96 Carbine 1971
Izhora Battalion (Izhorskiy batalyon) Viktor Zhukov Kolya Matveyev Sporterized 1972
Hot Winter (Horká zima) Hungarian deserters M95 carbine version 1973
The Day That Shook the World Austro-Hungarian border guards and policemen M95 carbine version 1975
Cabbages and Kings Anchurian soldiers 1978
The Secret of Steel City (Tajemství Ocelového mesta) Soldiers and policemen in Steel City M95 carbine version 1979
Signum Laudis Vlado Müller Cpl. Hoferik M95 carbine version 1980
Jirí Zahajský LCpl. Lorisch M95 carbine version
Jan Pohan Pvt. Steiner M95 carbine version
Jan Skopecek Pvt. Reisch M95 carbine version
Jirí Kodes Pvt. Richter M95 carbine version
Austro-Hungarian soldiers
Night Riders (Nocní jazdci) Radoslav Brzobohatý Halva 1981
Leopold Haverl Babušek
Petr Cepek Janoušek
Pavel Zednícek Fořt
Jirí Kodes Jan Bílý
Jirí Krampol Borovička
The Green Wagon (Zelyonyy Furgon) Boryslav Brondukov Grichenko 1983
The Green Wagon (Zelyonyy Furgon) Dmitry Kharatyan Volodya Patrikeyev 1983
Uprising A Soviet border guard M95 carbine version mocked as Mosin Nagant Model 1907 Carbine 2001
Zelary Jan Tríska Old Gorcík M95 carbine version 2003
Lake Placid 2 Seen at the sheriff's office. Short rifle variant 2007
Guard No. 47 Karel Roden František Douša 2008
Guard No. 47 Austro-Hungarian soldiers M95 carbine version 2008
Battle of Warsaw 1920 Borys Szyc Jan Krynicki M95 carbine version 2011
Battle of Warsaw 1920 Polish soldiers M95 carbine version 2011
Wilson City Wilson City Police M95 carbine version 2015

Television

Show Title Actor Character Note / Episode Air Date
Bors Various characters 1968
Once There Was a House (Byl jednou jeden dum) Jirí Sovák Matěj Budák M95 carbine version; "Bio Ilusion" (S1E2), "Obvaziste Boccaccio" (S1E5) 1974
Once There Was a House (Byl jednou jeden dum) Vladimír Mensík Eduard Drvota M95 carbine version; "Bio Ilusion" (S1E2) 1974
Lenin...The Train German and French soldiers 1988
Hearts of Three (Serdtsa tryokh) Gediminas Girdvainis Mariano Vercara Sporterized 1992
The Young Indiana Jones Chronicles German soldier 1992-1994
Sarajevo 1914. The Eve of the Great War Austro-Hungarian soldiers 2014
14 - Diaries of the Great War Austrian soldiers 2014


Video Games

Game Title Appears as Note Release Date
Battlefield: 1918 2004
Battle of Empires : 1914-1918 2014
Battlefield 1 Gewehr M. 95 2016
Sniper Elite 4 Mannlicher M1895 2017

Anime

Title Character Note Date
Izetta: The Last Witch Elystadt forces 2016
Saga of Tanya the Evil Dachia Grand Duchy's regular infantry Mannlicher M1893 2017



Steyr Mannlicher M1888-90

Austro-Hungarian Steyr Mannlicher M1888-90 - 8x50mmR Mannlicher.


After the introduction of the French Lebel 1886 in 8 mm, the Austrians found themselves in a position of subjugation because their rifle regulation was still the Mannlicher 1886 11mm caliber. It was then decided to develop a new ammunition similar to the French, and so the Mannlicher 1888 model 8x50R caliber black powder was born. A total of approximately 290,000 copies were produced from the Arsenal OEWG Steyr (Österreichische Gesellschaft Waffenfabrik Werndl in Steyr). In 1890, after the introduction of the smokeless powder and corresponding ammunition, the rear sight was modified by applying two plates to uphold their calibration from 300 to 1800 steps (225-1350 m) on the left-hand scale and from 2000 to 3000 steps (1500 - 2250 m) in the right graduation and became the 1888-90 model. Many of these rifles were taken by the Italians as war booty in 1917 and subsequently deployed in the Second World War. The 1888/90 model was also officially delivered to Bulgaria, Greece and Hungary, but also used in the Chilean Civil War of 1891.

Specifications

(1888 – 1896)

  • Type: Rifle
  • Caliber: 8x52mmR Mannlicher (M88), 8x50mmR Mannlicher (M88-90)
  • Weight: 9.7 lbs (4.41 kg)
  • Length: 50 in (1,280 mm)
  • Barrel length: 30.1 in (765 mm)
  • Capacity: 5 rounds
  • Fire Modes: Bolt-Action


Film

Title Actor Character Note Date
The Great Road Austro-Hungarian soldiers 1962
Two Comrades Were Serving (Sluzhili dva tovarishcha) A Red Army soldier Supposedly M1885 1968
The Lost City of Z Charlie Hunnam Col. Percy Fawcett 2017

Television

Show Title Actor Character Note / Episode Air Date
Cabbages and Kings Anchurian soldiers 1978
Hearts of Three Warriors of The Blind Brigand 1992

Hembrug M95

Hemburg M95 Long Rifle - 6.5x53mm Mannlicher

In 1895, the Royal Netherlands Army adopted a variant of the Mannlicher M.1893 produced for Romania, which was in-turn developed from the German Gewehr 88. This was a conventional turn-bolt action feeding from a Mannlicher 5-round magazine loaded with en-bloc clips, chambered in 6.5x53mmR. It featured a 28.5" barrel, one-piece stock and half-length handguard.

Two carbine variants were produced, No.1 and No.3 (see discussion page). Initial production was at Waffenfabrik Steyr beginning in 1895, however in 1904 licensed production began at Hembrug Zaandam in the Netherlands; roughly 470,000 rifles were produced. It served the Dutch Army for 47 years, due to the lack of funds to replace it.

The Hembrug M95 can be seen in the following:

Film

Title Actor Character Note Date
Operation Amsterdam Dutch soldiers and resistance fighters rifle version 1959
Pretty Boy Floyd Roy Fant Jed Watkins KNIL No.1 Carbine 1960
Soldier of Orange Derek de Lint Alex rifle version 1977
Soldier of Orange Huib Rooymans Jan Weinberg No.1 carbine version 1977
Soldier of Orange Dutch soldiers No.1 & No.3 carbine versions plus rifle version 1977

FEG 35M

Hungarian FEG Puska 1935 Minta (35M) rifle - 8x56mmR Mannlicher

FEG 35M is a Hungarian rifle based on Mannlicher system. It is chambered in 8x56R. The rifle was designed and manufactured by FÉG weapon factory from 1935 until 1950s.
The FEG 35M and variants can be seen in the following films, television series, video games, and anime used by the following actors:

Film

Title Actor Character Note Date
The Green Wagon (Zelyonyy Furgon) Vladimir Kolokoltsev Volodya Kozachenko 1959
The Green Wagon (Zelyonyy Furgon) Yuri Timoshenko Grichenko 1959
The Corporal and Others German soldiers 1965
Cabbages and Kings Anchurian soldiers 1978
The Green Wagon (Zelyonyy Furgon) Dmitry Kharatyan Volodya Patrikeyev 1983

Television

Title Actor Character Note Date
Hearts of Three (Serdtsa tryokh) Vladimir Shevelkov Francis Morgan 1992
Hearts of Three (Serdtsa tryokh) Solano brothers, gendarmes, brigands 1992

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