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Movie Poster
Country EST.jpg Estonia

FIN.jpg Finland

Directed by Elmo Nüganen
Release Date February 20, 2015
Language Estonian
Main Cast
Character Actor
Aino Tammik Maiken Schmidt
Karl Tammik Kaspar Velberg
Jüri Jõgi Kristjan Üksküla
Captain Evald Viires Ain Mäeots
Ants Saareste Gert Raudsep
Prohhor Sedõhh Rain Simmul

1944 is a 2015 Estonian war drama film directed by Elmo Nüganen (Names in Marble). In occupied Estonia, Karl Tammik, stationed at the Tannenberg Line, fights in the Waffen-SS while Jüri Jõgi has to serve as an officer in the Red Army. Like thousands of their compatriots, the young Estonians somehow want to survive the war and they have no choice. Either they go for the Russian occupiers to arms or stand under Hitler's banner in the Waffen-SS. The fate of the two soldiers exemplifies the story of a whole country that was almost crushed between the mills of two great powers, forced into a war. It was selected as the Estonian entry for the Best Foreign Language Film at the 88th Academy Awards but it was not nominated.

The following weapons were used in the film 1944:



Walther P38

The Walther P38 is briefly used by Leonhard "Talu" (Kristo Viiding) after he has no more machine gun ammunition.

Walther P38 WWII dated with black grips - 9x19mm
The Walther P38 lies under the MG42.
Talu takes the pistol as Soviet soldiers approach his position.

Tokarev TT-33

The Estonian NKVD commissar Kreml (Peeter Tammearu) is armed with a Tokarev TT-33.

Tokarev TT-33 - 7.62x25mm Tokarev. Pre-1947 version.
The TT-33 cleaned by Kreml during a meeting with Jüri Jõgi (Kristjan Üksküla).
Kreml is about to take aim his pistol at Captain Viires for disregard of a command.


Karabiner 98k

The Karabiner 98k is used by Estonian and German soldiers. Karl Tammik (Kaspar Velberg) is seen with one at the beginning. The majority of the Karabiner 98ks are equipped with hooded front sights.

Karabiner 98k - German manufacture 1937 date - 7.92x57mm Mauser
Karl Tammik runs through trenches repair a telephone cable. Note the hooded front sight.
Anton Käärid's (Märt Pius) Karabiner next to him.
Raadik (Priit Strandberg) reloading his Karabiner during a firefight.
Anton aims the Karabiner at Soviet soldiers.
German soldiers with Kar98ks flee from approaching Soviet forces.

Mosin Nagant M91/30

Soviet soldiers and members of the Estonian civil defense squad are armed with Mosin Nagant M91/30 rifles. Prohhor Sedõhh (Rain Simmul) uses a Sniper variant.

Full-length Mosin Nagant M91/30 - 7.62x54mmR
The bolt is seen on the left meaning that the scene is reversed.
The leader of the Defense squad with the rife over his shoulder.
Anton Käärid aims the rifle at German soldiers.
Closer view of the bolt and the hex receiver.
Full-length Mosin Nagant M91/30 sniper rifle with PU 3.5x sniper scope and bent bolt handle - 7.62x54mmR
Prohhor Sedõhh aims the rifle at an Estonian soldier.
He holds his rifle at Alfred and wonders if he lost his mind.

Mosin Nagant M44 Carbine

A Mosin Nagant M44 Carbine is briefly seen carried by Rudolf Kask (Ivo Uukkivi).

Mosin Nagant M44 Carbine, with attached side-folding bayonet - 7.62x54mm R
Rudolf Kask with the Carbine in Tallinn.
Closer view of the barrel.

Mosin-Nagant M/28-30

Some Soviet soldiers are armed with Finnish Civil GuardM/28-30 rifles. Estonian Civil Guard members are seen also with this rifle.

The Finnish M/28 and M/28-30 rifles - 7.62x54R
Clear shot of the front sights.
Four Civil Guards with the rifles are given captured weapons.
Soviet soldiers marching in Tallinn with their shouldered Mosins.

Tokarev SVT-40

Tokarev SVT-40 rifles are seen by carried Soviet soldiers. Estonian SS soldier Vladimir Kamenski (Karl-Andreas Kalmet) uses a SVT equipped with PU sniper scope defending the Tannenberg Line.

Tokarev SVT-40 with PU sniper scope - 7.62x54mmR
Vladimir Kamenski aims the Tokarev.
View through the scope.
Tokarev SVT-40 - 7.62x54mmR
Dead Soviet soldier with Tokarev SVT-40.
Another soldier carries the SVT.

Submachine Guns


The MP38 is used by Estonian SS soldiers. Karl is briefly seen with one during the trench raid.

MP38 - 9x19mm.
An Estonian aims his MP38 and waits to open fire.
Close up of Raadik's MP38.
The Estonian secures a Soviet trench with his submachine gun.


An MP40 is very briefly seen being reloaded by the medic of the Estonians. Due to a continuity error, the MP40 turns into an STG-44 when he gives it to Ants Saareste.

MP40 submachine gun - 9x19mm
The MP40 in his hands. Note the different charging handle and muzzle.


Soviet Soldiers are armed with PPSh-41 submachine guns while Estonian SS soldiers use captured ones.

Soviet PPSh-41 Submachine Gun with 71-round drum magazine - 7.62x25mm Tokarev
Estonians soldiers infiltrate a trench with their trophy PPShs.
The brother of Anton Käärid (Priit Pius) with PPSh-41.
"Heraus! Hände hoch!"
Jüri Jõgi (Kristjan Üksküla) forces German soldiers to surrender.
Jüri and Captain Evald Viires with PPSh-41s during the search for German soldiers in the woods.
Captain Evald Viires (Ain Mäeots) takes aim at commissar Kreml.


The PPS-43 is also used by Vladimir Kamenski (Karl-Andreas Kalmet), Abram Joffre (Kristjan Sarv), Alfred Tuul (Martin Mill) and several Soviet soldiers.

Soviet PPS-43 Submachine Gun - 7.62x25mm Tokarev
Vladimir Kamenski awaits a Soviet charge with his PPS-43 submachine gun.
Soviet Soldiers resting in Tallinn. The soldier in the middle is armed with a PPS-43.
Abram Joffre taking cover behind a T34/85 with his PPS-43.
After shooting three surrendering German soldiers he is seen reloading.
The PPS in his hands while searching for Germans.
During the dispute with the commissar he takes aim with his PPS.

Assault Rifles

Sturmgewehr 44

The Sturmgewehr 44 is used by Estonian soldiers, especially the leader of the SS squad Ants Saareste (Gert Raudsep) during the trench fighting. After his Sturmgewehr 44 runs empty he exchanged it with a PPSh-41.

Sturmgewehr 44 - 7.92x33mm.
Estonian soldier on the left aims his STG-44.
The medic is filling empty magazines with new 7.92x33 cartridges.
Ants Saareste before he goes over the top during the night.
Later on, he is seen unlocking the assault rifle.
He empties his STG-44 during the trench raid.

Machine Guns


The MG42 is used by Danish and Estonian SS soldiers. Near the end of the movie, German soldiers use this machine gun as well.

MG42 Light Machine Gun 7.92x57mm Mauser
Karl Tammik loads a 7.92x57mm Mauser belt in the MG42.
Leonhard awaits Soviet soldiers with his prepared MG.
Danish SS soldier Carl Madsen (Magnús Mariuson) from the Division "Nordland" mans the MG.
German soldier fires the MG42 at approaching Soviets. Note the unhooded front sight of the Kar98k on the right.
Front view of the same soldier firing at Soviet soldiers.


An abandoned MG34 is briefly seen in a German trench.

MG34 with front and rear sights folded down - 7.92x57mm Mauser.
The MG34 next his dead user while Soviet soldiers passing by.

Degtyaryov DP-27/28

The Degtyaryov DP-28 is used by the support gunner Oskar Lepik (Andero Ermel) in the Estonian-Soviet squad.

Degtyarov DP-28 machine gun - 7.62x54mmR
Oskar holds his DP on a Lend-Leased American 1943 GMC CCKW 353 Cargo Truck.
During the heat of battle, he deploys the bipod...
... and suppresses German soldiers.
A Soviet soldier next to Capt. Viires carries a DP-27/28.
Having cleared out the German position, Oskar fires at retreating German soldiers.

Maxim M1910

A Maxim M1910 is also briefly seen as some Civil Defense Guards desert.

Maxim 1910 with 'Sokolov' wheel mount, w/o shield - 7.62x54mmR
The Maxim in the middle towed by the deserters.

Degtyaryov DT

Soviet T-34/85 tanks are armed with Degtyaryov DT machine guns.

DT machine gun - 7.62x54mm R
1944 dt.jpg


Model 24 Stielhandgranate

Estonian and German soldiers use Model 24 Stielhandgranates.

Model 24 Stielhandgranate "Potato Masher" High-Explosive Fragmentation Hand Grenade
Leonhard readies a Stielhandgranate.
A box of stick grenades being towed. Note the different types of the sticks.
Karl unscrews the cap before the trench raid.
A German soldier throws a grenade.

F-1 hand grenade

Some F-1 hand grenades are used by Soviet soldiers including Anton Käärid.

F-1 High-Explosive Fragmentation hand grenade
An F-1 thrown by a Soviet soldier in the front of the Estonians.

Model 39 Eihandgranate

A German soldier commits Suicide with a Model 39 Eihandgranate.

The Model 39 Eihandgranate hand grenade
The German shows Alfred a parting gift.



Estonian soldiers use Panzerfausts against the T-34s.

Panzerfaust - 44mm with 149mm warhead.
Firing the Panzerfaust at a Soviet tank.
Ants Saareste with a shouldered Panzerfaust.


A German soldier fires a Panzerschreck at a T34/85.

RPzB 54 "Panzerschreck" rocket launcher - 88mm
The rocket launcher being fired.

Stockmine M43

Stockmine M43 "Betonmine".
1944 mine 1.jpg

5 cm Pak 38

A 5 cm Pak 38 is used by Dutch SS soldiers at the beginning.

5 cm Pak 38 anti-tank gun - 50x419mm R
An overview of the AT-Gun.
Note the "Nederland" bracelet on the right.
Ejecting a spent shell.
Clearer shot of the receiver.

45 mm anti-tank gun M1937 (53-K)

A 45 mm anti-tank gun M1937 (53-K) is also seen manned by SS soldiers.

M1937 (53-K) Soviet anti-tank gun - 45mm (1.77 in)
1944 m37 1.jpg
1944 m37 2.jpg

82-PM-41 mortar

Two 82-PM-41 mortars (BM-41, further development of BM-37) can be seen fired by Estonian soldiers.

Soviet 82mm BM-37 Mortar. BM-41 has generally same outlook except for the removable wheel base and the arched construction base plate.
1944 mortar.jpg

122 mm Howitzer M1938

Soviet soldiers use 122 mm M1938 Howitzers.

Soviet 121.92 mm (4.8 inch) howitzer
1944 howitzer.jpg


1944 t34.jpg

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