BM-37 Mortar

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Soviet 82mm BM-37 Mortar, early model
Soviet 82mm BM-37 Mortar, late model

BM-37 (known also under the names M-37 and 82-BM-37) is a Soviet 82mm mortar. It was designed by Nikolay Aleksandrovich Dorovlyov and accepted into service in 1937. The design of the mortar is based on the French Brandt system. The index "BM" means "batalyonny minomet" - the mortar for battalion service. During the World War II and postwar period this mortar was used in large quantities and was withdrawn from service only in 1970s. The BM-37 exists in several modifications, including postwar Chinese Type 53, Egyptian M-69.

Earlier version of 82mm mortar, BM-36, was produced in relatively small numbers. The main visual difference between BM-36 and BM-37 is the shape of the baseplate: square on BM-36 and round on BM-37. Two simplifed wartime versions, BM-41 and BM-43, had arched construction baseplate, styled after 120mm mortar, and removable wheel base.

Contents

Specifications

(1937 - 1970s)

Type: Medium mortar

Barrel Length: 1.22 m (4 ft)

Weight: 56 kilograms (120 lb)

Calibre: 82 millimetres (3.2 in)

Rate of fire: 25-30 rpm

Maximum range: 3,040 m (3,320 yd)

Shell: 3.05 kg (6 lb 12 oz)


The BM-37 mortar and variants can be seen in the following films, television series, video games, and anime used by the following actors:

Film

Title Actor Character Notation Date
Fighting Film Collection No. 12 (Boyevoy kinosbornik No. 12) Soviet soldiers 1942
The Turning Point (Velikiy perelom) Soviet soldiers 1945
The Star (Zvezda) Soviet soldiers 1949
The Battle of Stalingrad (Stalingradskaya bitva), Part I Soviet soldiers 1949
Fortress on Wheels (Krepost na kolesah) German and Soviet soldiers 1960
Check Passed: No Mines (Provereno nema mina) Soviet soldiers 1965
Trial of the Road (Proverka na dorogakh) German soldiers As a substitution for Granatwerfer 34 Mortar 1971
Poem of Kovpak: Snow-Storm (Duma o Kovpake: Buran) Soviet partisans 1975
Poem of Kovpak: Carpathians, Carpathians... (Duma o Kovpake: Karpaty, Karpaty...) Soviet partisans 1976
Cross of Iron Soviet and German troops 82-BM-41 1977
From the Bug to the Vistula (Ot Buga do Visly) Soviet partisans 1980
Across the Gobi and the Khingan (Govi Khyangand tulaldsan ni) Imperial Japanese Army soldiers 1981
Day of Division Commander (Den komandira divizii) Soviet soldiers 1983
The Battalions Request Fire (Batalyony prosyat ognya) Soviet soldiers 1985

Television

Title Actor Character Notes /Episode Release Date
Czterej pancerni i pies German soldiers Standing for Granatwerfer 34 Mortar 1966-1970
Czterej pancerni i pies Franciszek Pieczka Cpl. Gustaw JeleĊ„ only the ammunition as a hand grenades 1966-1970
Front Without Mercy (Front ohne Gnade) German soldiers Standing for Granatwerfer 34 Mortar; Ep.10 1984
Snipers. Love Under the Gun (Snaypery. Lyubov pod pritselom) German and Soviet troops 2013

Video Game

Game Title Appears as Note Release Date
Company of Heroes 2 82-BM-41 2013



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