Europa Europa

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Europa Europa
Hitlerjunge Salomon
Movie Poster
Country GER.jpg Germany

FRA.jpg France
POL.jpg Poland

Directed by Agnieszka Holland
Release Date November 14, 1990
Language German
Distributor Orion Pictures (US)
Main Cast
Character Actor
Salomon „Sally“ Perel Marco Hofschneider
Leni Julie Delpy
Isaak Perel René Hofschneider
David Perel Piotr Kozlowski
Robert Kellermann André Wilms

Europa Europa (German title:Hitlerjunge Salomon; Hitler Youth Salomon) is a 1990 German-Polish-French film by Agnieszka Holland. Shortly before the beginning of the war, the Jewish family Perel flees from the Nazis and settles in the Polish Lódz. But the Nazis catch up with them, and in the turmoil of the occupation, the brothers Sally and David are separated from the family and try to make their way into the USSR. The brothers also lose sight of each other. Sally lodges in a Soviet orphanage. After the German invasion, he is captured by Wehrmacht soldiers and pretends to be Volksdeutscher. Sally becomes the darling of the troupe as Josef Periel, becomes a hero and is even sent to a Nazi elite school.

The following weapons were used in the film Europa Europa:



Luger P08

Captain von Lereneau (Hanns Zischler) uses a Luger P08 pistol.

Luger P08 with black grips - 9x19mm
The Captian holds his Luger.
He fires at the fleeing Salomon.

Tokarev TT-33

The Tokarev TT-33 is used by the Soviet Major (Aleksy Awdiejew), who gives it to a freed KZ inmate.

Tokarev TT-33 - 7.62x25mm Tokarev. Pre-1947 version.
The inmate aims at Salomon.
Different angle of this scene.


Karabiner 98k

Karabiner 98ks are used by German soldiers including Ulmayer (Martin Maria Blau), Robert Kellermann (André Wilms) and the Feldwebel (Bernhard Howe). Salomon uses a Kar98k he pretends to be Josef „Jupp“ Peters. Hitler Youth and Volkssturm members can also be seen with the carbines.

Karabiner 98k - German manufacture 1937 date - 7.92x57mm Mauser
Ulmayer with his Karabiner searches Soviet PoW.
"It is not unbelievable that we have found such a diamond in this human crap..
German soldiers carry the carbines.
"Jupp" holds the carbine in the air.
Later in the school, he and other students practice their bayonet attack skills on a Jewish puppet.

Mosin Nagant M44 Carbine

Soviet soldiers are mainly seen with Mosin Nagant M44 Carbines. First seen during the Soviet occupation of Poland in 1939.

Mosin Nagant M44 Carbine, with attached side-folding bayonet - 7.62x54mm R
A Soviet soldier holds the carbine in the freed KZ.
Two soldiers guard Salomon with their M44s.

Mosin Nagant M91/30

In the end, some Soviet soldiers can be seen with full-length Mosin Nagant M91/30 rifles.

Full-length Mosin Nagant M91/30 - 7.62x54mmR
The Soviet soldier at the Komsomol School (Jaroslaw Gruda) holds the rifle.
Salomon is surrounded by Soviets armed with Mosin-Nagants.

Czech vz. 24

Two German soldiers can be seen with a VZ-24 Czech Mausers. When Salomon is in the Volkssturm, he can be seen using this rifle, too.

Czech vz. 24 - 7.92x57mm Mauser
A soldier takes Salomon prisoner with the rifle over his back.
Different view. Note the turned bolt handle.
Another soldier gets off his motorcycle.
View of the middle part.
During the last stand, Salomon uses a Czech Mauser.

Mauser 98AZ Carbine

A single Mauser 98AZ Carbine is briefly seen carried by a German soldier.

Mauser 98AZ Artillery Carbine - 7.92x57mm.
The soldier on the left braces himself with his carbine.
Top view...
... and a view of the front sight. Note the lack of the stacking hook.

Submachine Guns


MP40 are used by a German MP on the train and some Volkssturm members.

MP40 submachine gun - 9x19mm
The MP with the submachine gun.
A Volkssturm member fires the MP next to Salomon's ear.


Soviet Soldiers are armed with PPSh-41. Like the M44 carbine, it is first seen in 1939.

Soviet PPSh-41 Submachine Gun with 71-round drum magazine - 7.62x25mm Tokarev
An PPSh in the background held by a Soviet soldier.

Machine Guns

Degtyaryov DP-27/28

A Degtyaryov DP-28 can be seen resting on the shore.

Degtyarov DP-28 machine gun - 7.62x54mmR
The DP-27/28 in the middle. Note the anachronistic PPSh-41 (for 1939) on the right.


What appears to be an anachronistic MG42 (for 1941) is mounted on a post-war ZiS BTR-152 truck, mocked up to resemble a German half-track.

MG42 Machine Gun - 7.92x57mm Mauser
The mounted MG42 in the background while the Germans posing for a picture with the captured Yakov Dzhugashvili (Wlodzimierz Press) who was the eldest son of Joseph Stalin.


The MG34 is used by German soldiers.

MG34 with front and rear sights folded down - 7.92x57mm Mauser.
"Jupp" mans the MG34 mounted on the motorcycle.
Volkssturm member fires the MG34 at atting Russians.
The Captain gets his hands on a MG34.
The MG of the Volkssturm membe jams.

Maxim M1910/30

An abandoned Maxim M1910/30 lies next to a cleared out Soviet trench.

Russian Maxim 1910/30, post-1941 manufacture with top hatch on cooling jacket allowing it to be filled more quickly or with snow - 7.62x54mmR
The Maxim next to the trench.


45 mm anti-tank gun M1937 (53-K)

Throughout the movie a 45 mm anti-tank gun M1937 (53-K) is seen.

M1937 (53-K) Soviet anti-tank gun - 45mm (1.77 in)
The 45 mm anti-tank gun M1937 on the shore in 1939.

Model 24 Stielhandgranate

German soldiers use Model 24 Stielhandgranates.

Model 24 Stielhandgranate "Potato Masher" High-Explosive Fragmentation Hand Grenade
A pair of grenades on the belt of Ulmayer.

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