Europa Europa

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Europa Europa
Hitlerjunge Salomon
EuropaEuropa.jpg
Movie Poster
Country FRA.jpg France
GER.jpg Germany
POL.jpg Poland
Directed by Agnieszka Holland
Release Date November 14, 1990
Language German
Russian
Polish
Hebrew
Yiddish
Studio Central Cinema Company Film (CCC)
Les Films du Losange
Bayerischer Rundfunk (BR)
Filmförderungsanstalt (FFA)
Distributor Les Films du Losange
Main Cast
Character Actor
Salomon „Sally“ Perel Marco Hofschneider
Leni Julie Delpy
Isaak Perel René Hofschneider
David Perel Piotr Kozlowski
Robert Kellermann André Wilms
Captain von Lereneau Hanns Zischler


Europa Europa (German title:Hitlerjunge Salomon; Hitler Youth Salomon) is a 1990 German-Polish-French film by Agnieszka Holland. Shortly before the beginning of the war, the Jewish family Perel flees from the Nazis and settles in the Polish Lódz. But the Nazis catch up with them, and in the turmoil of the occupation, the brothers Sally and David are separated from the family and try to make their way into the USSR. The brothers also lose sight of each other. Sally lodges in a Soviet orphanage. After the German invasion, he is captured by Wehrmacht soldiers and pretends to be Volksdeutscher. Sally becomes the darling of the troupe as Josef Periel, becomes a hero, and is even sent to a Nazi elite school.


The following weapons were used in the film Europa Europa:

Contents


Pistols

Luger P08

During the final defance of the Hitlerjugend, Hauptmann (Captain) von Lereneau (Hanns Zischler) is seen with a Luger P08 pistol.

Luger P08 with black grips - 9x19mm
The wounded Captian holds his Luger while shouting at Salomon.
After Salomon decided to run, he and other Hitlerjungen starts firing.

Tokarev TT-33

A Tokarev TT-33 is the duty sidearm of a Soviet Major (Aleksy Awdiejew), who hands it over to a freed KZ inmate.

Tokarev TT-33 - 7.62x25mm Tokarev. Pre-1947 version.
The former inmate points the Tokarev at Salomon who realizes that this could be the end of the line.
A different angle of this scene shows the front side of the pistol.

Submachine Guns

MP40

MP40s are used by a German Feldgendarmerie (Military Police) on the train and some Volkssturm members.

Maschinenpistole 40 - 9x19mm
The Feldgedarm with the submachine gun enters the compartment coach.
A Volkssturm member fires the MP40 next to Salomon's ear.

PPSh-41

Soviet Soldiers are armed with PPSh-41. Like the M44 carbine, it is first seen in 1939.

PPSh-41 with 71-round drum magazine - 7.62x25mm Tokarev
A PPSh held by a Soviet soldier in the background.

Rifles

Karabiner 98k

Karabiner 98ks are used by German soldiers including Ulmayer (Martin Maria Blau), Robert Kellermann (André Wilms), and the Feldwebel (Sergeant) (Bernhard Howe). Salomon also uses a Kar98k while he pretends to be Josef „Jupp“ Peters. Numerous Hitler Youth and Volkssturm members can also be seen with the carbines.

Karabiner 98k - 7.92x57mm Mauser
Ulmayer with his forward slung Karabiner controls Soviet P.o.W.s. Note the late war front barrel band.
"Isn't it unbelievable that we have found such a diamond in this human crap."
Shortly after, he presents Salomon to his commanding officer.
German soldiers marching through a swamp carry the carbines.
"Jupp" holds the carbine up in the air while running to the Soviet position.
Later in the school, he and other students practice their bayonet attack skills on a Jewish puppet.

Mosin Nagant M44 Carbine

Soviet soldiers are mainly armed with Mosin Nagant M44 Carbines which are first seen during the Soviet occupation of Poland in 1939.

Mosin Nagant M44 Carbine, with attached side-folding bayonet - 7.62x54mm R
A Soviet soldier stands guard with his Mosin Nagant Carbine at the KZ.
Two soldiers accompany Salomon with their M44s to the Major.

Mosin Nagant M91/30

Some full-length Mosin Nagant M91/30 rifles are also used by Soviet soldiers; notably at the end.

Full-length Mosin Nagant M91/30 - 7.62x54mmR
The Soviet soldier at the Komsomol School (Jaroslaw Gruda) walks the rifle fitted with the bayonet.
Salomon is surrounded by Soviets armed with Mosin-Nagants and PPSh-41s.

Mauser Puška vz. 24

Two German soldiers can be seen with a VZ-24 Czech Mausers. When Salomon is drafted into Volkssturm, he wields this rifle with a Kar98k-style bolt handle.

Puška vz. 24 - 7.92x57mm Mauser
The first soldier carrying the rifle over his back takes Salomon prisoner.
A slightly different view reveals the turned bolt handle.
The other soldier gets off his motorcycle. This rifle has a straight bolt-handle.
A view of the middle part.
During the last stand, Salomon holds a Czech Mauser.

Mauser Karabiner 98AZ

At least, one Mauser 98AZ Carbine is briefly seen carried by a German soldier.

Mauser Karabiner 98AZ - 7.92x57mm
The soldier on the left props himself with his carbine.
A top view of the tangent-leaf rear sight...
...and a view of the front sight. Note the grasping groove and the lack of the stacking hook.

Machine Guns

Degtyaryov DP-27/28

A Degtyaryov DP-28 can be seen resting on the shore.

Degtyarov DP-28 - 7.62x54mmR
The DP-27/28 in the middle. Note the anachronistic PPSh-41 (for 1939) on the right.

MG 42

What appears to be an anachronistic MG42 (for 1941) is mounted on a post-war ZiS BTR-152 truck, mocked up to resemble a German half-track.

Maschinengewehr 42 - 7.92x57mm Mauser
The mounted MG42 in the background while the Germans posing for a picture with the captured Yakov Dzhugashvili (Wlodzimierz Press) who was the eldest son of Joseph Stalin.

MG 34

The MG34 is used by German soldiers.

Maschinengewehr 34 - 7.92x57mm Mauser
"Jupp" mans the MG34 mounted on the motorcycle.
A member of theVolkssturm fires the MG34 at attacking Russians soldiers.
The Captain gets his hands on an MG34.
The MG is removed from the position by the Volkssturm member after it jammed.

Maxim M1910/30

An abandoned Maxim M1910/30 lies next to a cleared-out Soviet trench.

Russian Maxim 1910/30, post-1941 manufacture with top hatch on cooling jacket allowing it to be filled more quickly or with snow - 7.62x54mmR
The Maxim next to the trench.

Other

45 mm anti-tank gun M1937 (53-K)

Throughout the movie a 45 mm anti-tank gun M1937 (53-K) is seen several times.

M1937 (53-K) Soviet anti-tank gun - 45mm (1.77 in)
The 45 mm anti-tank gun M1937 on the shore in 1939.

Model 24 Stielhandgranate

German soldiers use Model 24 Stielhandgranates.

Model 24 Stielhandgranate
A pair of grenades stuck in the belt of Ulmayer.


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