Dauria

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Dauria
Dauria Poster.jpg
Original Theatrical Poster
Country SOV.jpg USSR
Directed by Viktor Tregubovich
Release Date 1972
Language Russian
Studio Lenfilm
Main Cast
Character Actor
Roman Severyanovich Ulybin Vitali Solomin
Severyan Andreevich Ulybin Petr Shelokhonov
Grandfather Andrey Ulybin Arkadi Trusov
Avdotya Ulybina Vera Kuznetsova
Vasiliy Andreevich Ulybin Vasiliy Shukshin
Yepifan Kozulin Fyodor Odinokov
Agrafena Kozulina Lyubov Malinovskaya
Darya (Dashutka) Kozulina Svetlana Golovina
Ataman Yelisey Petrovich Kargin Yefim Kopelyan
Mit'ka Kargin Boris Arakelov


Dauria (also spelled Dauriya) is a Soviet 1972 (filmed 1971) two-part historical movie directed by Viktor Tregubovich and based on the novel by Konstantin Sedykh. This epic movie describes the life and fate of Cossacks in the Siberian province of Dauria in Summer 1914 (Part 1) and during the Russian Civil war, in 1918-1919 (Part 2). The story centers around the family of Ulybins.


The following weapons were used in the film Dauria:

Contents


Revolvers

Nagant M1895

In Part 1, set in Summer 1914, a revolutionary Semyon Nagorny (Yuriy Solomin) uses a Nagant M1895 revolver. In Part 2, set in 1918-1919, Nagants are widely used by Red partisans, White officers and Anarchists.

Note: see additional images on talk page.

Nagant M1895 - 7.62x38R Nagant. Note the angular front sight which was used from 1930s.
Village blacksmith Semyon Nagorny draws a Nagant when Cossacks come to arrest him.
Four Nagants are found in Nagorny's house.
An Anarchist (stunt performer Boris Vasilyuk) holds a Nagant during the assault of Chita treasury in Part 2.
Another Anarchist fires his Nagant in same scene.
A White Colonel holds a Nagant during the battle for railway station. His revolver is bright nickel plated; possibly this is the same prop that was used in Baltiyskaya slava, filmed by same studio.
White Cossacks Khorunzhiy (junior officer rank) in charge of firing squad fires at Roman Ulybin and Fedot Muratov who try to escape in river.
A Red partisan at the right holds a Nagant.
White Vakhmistr (senior NCO rank) Bubenchikov (Aleksandr Demyanenko) holds a Nagant.
White Yesaul (Capt.) (Igor Dmitriev), commander of the punitive unit, fires at Severyan Ulybin.

Reichsrevolver M1879

A Reichsrevolver M1879 is seen in several scenes in Part 2. It is used by Anarchist Arkadiy (uncredited) during the assault of Chita treasury, by the manager of gold mine (uncredited), and by White Cossack Starshiy Uryadnik (Cossack NCO) Nikifor Chepalov (Viktor Pavlov). This wiped to white revolver appears to be the same prop, used in numerous Lenfilm productions, like Priklucheniya Sherlocka Holmsa i Doktora Watsona.

Reichsrevolver M1879 Revolver - 10.6x25R
An Anarchist holds a Reichsrevolver M1879.
The manager of gold mine escapes, pursued by Red partisans.
Dauria-Reichsrevolver-3.jpg
Another view of the revolver of said character.
Dauria-Reichsrevolver-5.jpg
Nikifor Chepalov confiscates the revolver.

Pistols

Mauser C96

Mauser C96 pistols are widely seen in Part 2. They are used by the commander of Red Guards Roman Severyanovich Ulybin (Vitali Solomin), Red Cossack Fedot Muratov (Mikhail Kokshenov) and several other Reds, and by Anarchists, including their chief Georgiy Ivanovich Lavrov (Georgiy Shtil).

Note: see additional images on talk page.

Pre-War dated Mauser C96 "Broomhandle" Commercial Version - 7.63x25mm Mauser
Dauria-MauserC96-2.jpg
Lavrov, arrested by Red Guards, surrenders his Mauser.
Roman and Fedot hold Mausers during the assault of Anarchists on Chita treasury.
An Anarchist (Viktor Vesyolkin) with a Mauser.
Fedot's pistol runs dry.
A good view of Fedot's Mauser.
Roman fires.
Roman's pistol runs dry.
Roman and Fedot surprise White soldiers on guard.
Roman Ulybin fires at a White officer who tries to escape.

Rifles

Mosin Nagant M1891

Mosin Nagant M1891 rifles are seen in several scenes. In Part 1 an escaped convict Taras (Yuriy Nazarov) holds a rifle when he hides in swamp. In Part 2 rifles are used by Red Guards and partisans.

Imperial Russian Mosin Nagant M1891 Dragoon - 7.62x54mm R
Dauria-Mosin91-1.jpg
Taras fires at Cossacks.
A wounded Red Guard with rifle during the battle for railway station.
A Red Guard with a rifle on the roof of the armoured train.
Dauria-Mosin91-5.jpg
Red partisans of Roman Ulybin's unit on march.

Mosin Nagant M1938 Carbine

Anachronistic Mosin Nagant M1938 Carbines are most widely used guns in the movie. In Part 1 many Cossacks carry M38 Carbines, including village Ataman Yelisey Petrovich Kargin (Yefim Kopelyan), his son Mit'ka Kargin (Boris Arakelov), Roman Ulybin (Vitali Solomin), Yepifan Kozulin (Fyodor Odinokov), Platon Volokitin (Vsevolod Kuznetsov), and Nikifor Chepalov (Viktor Pavlov). In Part 2 M38 Carbines are used by Red Guards and Red partisans, and White Cossacks. Hooded front sights are removed on many of screen carbines, to make them look more like appropriate for 1910s guns.

Note: see additional images on talk page.

Mosin Nagant M1938 Carbine - 7.62x54mm R
Yelisey Kargin with a carbine during the wolf hunt.
Platon Volokitin (at the right) and another Cossack with carbines during the hunt for escaped convicts.
Cossacks hunt for escaped convicts. Roman Ulybin (at the left) holds his carbine and the gun of Ataman Kargin who leads the Cossacks with a sword in hand. Also carbines are seen in hands of Nikifor Chepalov (behind Kargin) and Yepifan Kozulin (at the right).
A close view of Chepalov's carbine when he fires at escaped convict Taras. Note the lack of the front sight.
The barrel of Roman's carbine is seen. It also lacks the front sight.
Fedot Muratov (Mikhail Kokshenov) fires a carbine during the battle for the railway station. Again the carbine lacks the front sight.
Another view of Muratov firing a carbine.
A White Cossack with a carbine.
Whites firing squad.
White Cossack Mladshiy Uryadnik (Cossack NCO) Severyan Andreevich Ulybin (Petr Shelokhonov) holds a carbine.
A Red partisan carries a carbine. Unlike many other M38s, this one has its front sight intact.
White Cossacks of the punitive unit carry carbines.

Shotguns

Mosin Nagant/Frolov Shotgun

Mosin Nagant/Frolov Shotguns ("Frolovka") are used by Severyan Andreevich Ulybin (Petr Shelokhonov) and by an unnamed Cossack (Anatoly Vedyonkin) during the wolf hunt in Part 1. These "Frolovka" shotguns stand for more appropriated "Berdanka" shotguns.

"Frolovka" shotgun (converted Mosin Nagant rifle) - 28 gauge
A Cossack in center carries his "Frolovka" on shoulder. Another Cossack is armed with M38 Carbine.
The long thin barrel of "Frolovka" is seen.
Severyan Ulybin with a "Frolovka".
Severyan Ulybin aims a "Frolovka".
Severyan Ulybin with a "Frolovka" on a promotion still.
A Cossack holds a "Frolovka" at the background.

Bolt Action Shotgun

A bolt action shotgun of different model is seen in hands of Roman Ulybin (Vitali Solomin) and his younger bother Gan'ka (Yevgeni Malyantsev). Possibly this weapon is a genuine "Berdanka", Berdan Rifle converted to shotgun.

For comparison: Berdanka bolt action shotgun - 28 Gauge
Dauria-Shotgun-11.jpg
Gan'ka holds the shotgun.
Roman holds the shotgun during the wolf hunt.
The muzzle is seen.
One more view of the gun.

Machine Guns

Maxim M1910

Maxim M1910 machine guns are used by Reds and Anachists in Part 2.

Maxim 1910, simplified version with smooth water jacket - 7.62x54mmR
Dauria-Maxim-1A.jpg
An Anarchist of Lavrov's unit carries the body of Maxim M1910 on his shoulder.
Dauria-Maxim-6.jpg
Roman Ulybin (Vitali Solomin) fires a Maxim M1910 during the battle for the railway station. His Maxim is fed with metal belt that appeared much later; in 1910s Russian Maxim machine guns used only canvas belts.
A Maxim on the locomotive.
A Red Guard fires a Maxim.

Maxim M1910/30

Maxim M1910/30 machine guns are used by Anarchists, Red Guards and partisans in Part 2. Both original and post-1940 versions are seen.

Maxim M1910/30 - 7.62x54mmR
Dauria-Maxim-2A.jpg
A Maxim in Lavrov's headquarters.
Red Cossack Gerasim (Igor Milonov) fires a Maxim from the rooftop during the battle for the railway station. His Maxim is fed with metal belt that appeared much later; in 1910s Russian Maxim machine guns used only canvas belts.
Another Red Guards' Maxim in action (the same prop reused).
Another view of Gerasim's Maxim.
Maxim machine guns on Red armoured train.
Maxim M1910/30, post 1940 manufacture with top hatch on cooling jacket - 7.62x54mmR
Due to a continuity error, Gerasim's Maxim switches to a different machine gun, of post-1940 version.
A Maxim of post-1940 version is seen in the village armoury (top right).
Partisans' Maxim, also of post-1940 version (probably same prop).

Other Weapons

F-1 Hand Grenade

In Part 2 anachronistic F-1 hand grenades are used in several scenes, used by Semyon Nagorny (Yuriy Solomin) and by Anarchists.

F-1 High-Explosive Fragmentation hand grenade
Bolshevik Semyon Nagorniy uses a grenade to blow crates of dynamite and destroy White armoured train in cost of his life.
Dauria-Grenade-2.jpg
A close view of Nagorniy's F-1 grenade.
Dauria-Grenade-4.jpg
Dauria-Grenade-5.jpg
Anarchist sailors of Lavrov's group carry F-1 and RG-14 hand grenades.
An Anarchist throws a grenade during the assault of Chita treasury.
An Anarchist sailor (stunt performer Vladimir Momot) holds a grenade in same scene.

RG-14 (mockup)

Mockups of RG-14 hand grenades are seen in Part 2.

RG-14/30 hand grenade
Dauria-Grenade-4.jpg
Anarchist sailors of Lavrov's group carry F-1 and RG-14 hand grenades. Note that RG-14s lack holes for fuzes that proves them to be mockups.
An Anarchist sailor carries an RG-14.
Roman Ulybin throws a stick hand grenade at Anarchists during the assault of Chita treasury. It is probably one of the same mockup RG-14s.
A White officer holds same looking stick hand grenade during the battle for railway station. He carries a holster for TT-33 pistol.

Trivia

Holsters

An officer in charge of prison guards convoy carries a holster for TT-33 pistol (Part 1).
Vasiliy Andreevich Ulybin (Vasiliy Shukshin), the commander of Red Guards, carries a universal holster for Nagant and TT.

Artillery

76.2mm M1902 field guns are seen in Part 2.

Reds 3-inch cannon on railway flatcar.
Artillery of Red partisans.

Armoured Train

A replica of armoured train is used in the movie. It appears at first as the Whites train, and then as the Reds one.

3-inch gun on White armoured train.
Dauria-ArmouredTrain-2.jpg
Maxim machine guns on Red armoured train.
3-inch gun on Red armoured train.

Footage

Hotchkiss Mk.I

A Hotchkiss Mk.I machine gun is seen mounted on a Mark IV or Mark V tank.

Hotchkiss Mk.I - .303 British
Dauria-Chronicle-1.jpg

Mosin Nagant M1891

Mosin Nagant M1891 rifles are seen in documentary footage.

Russian soldiers of the Great War.
Dauria-Chronicle-6.jpg
Red sailors in attack (it appears to be taken from some earlier movie rather than from documentary footage).

122mm Howitzer M1909

Russian 122mm field howitzers M1909 are seen in footage (it appears to be taken from some earlier movie rather than from documentary footage).

Dauria-Chronicle-4.jpg
Dauria-Chronicle-5.jpg

Mark IV or Mark V Tank

A Hotchkiss Mk.I machine gun is seen mounted on a tank.
A 6-pounder gun is seen on a tank.

Additional Posters

Dauria English Release Poster. On this poster yellow color of lampasses and peaked cap bands, issued to Baikal Cossacks, is erroneously replaced with red, issued to Don Cossacks.



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