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The Paris Commune (Zori Parizha)

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The Paris Commune (Zori Parizha)
Zori Parizha-Poster.jpg
Original Theatrical Release Poster
Country SOV.jpg USSR
Directed by Grigoriy Roshal
Release Date 1936
Language Russian
Studio Mosfilm
Main Cast
Character Actor
Jaroslav Dombrowski Nikolai Plotnikov
Catherine Millard Antonina Maksimova
Etienne Millard Andrei Abrikosov
Karl Steiper Viktor Stanitsyn
Eugene Gorrot Dmitri Dorlyak
Raoul Rigault Vladimir Belokurov
Richet Anatoliy Goryunov
Mother Pichot Vera Maretskaya

The Paris Commune (USA theatrical release title; the original title Zori Parizha ("Dawn of Paris")) is a 1936 Soviet B&W historical movie, directed by Grigoriy Roshal. It depicts the events of Paris Commune in 1871.

The following weapons were used in the film The Paris Commune (Zori Parizha):


Lefaucheux Model 1854

Various characters, including Jaroslav Dombrowski (Nikolai Plotnikov), are seen with Lefaucheux Model 1854 revolvers.

Lefaucheux Model 1854 - 12mm Pinfire
A Communard at the right carries a revolver tucked at his belt.
Wounded Dombrowski leads his men in attack with a revolver in hand.

Colt 1851 Navy

Various characters, including Eugene Gorrot (Dmitri Dorlyak) and Karl Steiper (Viktor Stanitsyn), are seen with Colt 1851 Navy revolvers.

Colt 1851 Navy - .36 caliber
Karl Steiper, the commander of International Battalion, carries a Colt 1851 Navy revolver tucked at his belt.
Another view of Steiper's revolver.
A Colt 1851 Navy is seen at the background.
Eugene Gorrot fires a Colt.

Colt 1847 Walker (Cartridge Conversion)

Various characters are seen with Colt Walker revolvers. Hexagonal barrel, uncommon for original Colt-made Walkers (and it is not many were made, and none were sold outside the United States), are likely signs of European copy.

One of the original cartridge сonversion Colt Walker 1847s - .44 caliber used by Clint Eastwood in the film The Outlaw Josey Wales. Since deactivated by the propstore of London.
An aged female Communard fires a Colt during the defence of the last barricade. Note the lacks a loading lever latch that the later Colt models had. Revolver also has cartridge conversion.

Gasser Revolver

While in battle, Karl Steiper's (Viktor Stanitsyn) revolver is substituted with another model. Similar looking revolvers are seen in another scenes. These revolvers appear to be some break-action Gasser models.

Gasser M1880 Montenegrin - 11.2x29mmR "Montenegrin"
Steiper fires a revolver.
A French Army officer draws his revolver...
...and fires.

Glisenti M1874

A female Communard is carries a big revolver, which seems to be a Glisenti M1874.

Glisenti M1874 revolver - 10.35×20 mm
A female Communard at the left carries a revolver tucked at her belt. Next to her Mother Pichot (Vera Maretskaya) holds a Gras Model 1874 rifle.

Percussion Cap Pistol

What appear to be Percussion Cap Pistols of unclear model are briefly seen in hands of Paris National Guard soldiers. In one scene Monsieur Vesset (Naum Rogozhin) fires a percussion cap pistol.

Teodoro Arrizabalaga percussion cap pistol replica, Spain, 1960.
A female Communard in center carries a percussion cap pistol at her belt.
Vesset fires from the window.


Gras Model 1874

Gras Model 1874 rifles are used by both Paris National Guard and French Army soldiers. They stand for historically correct Chassepot 1866 rifles that have very similar outlook. Gras rifles were highly available for filmmakers as 450,000 Gras were purchased by Russian Army during the WW1, and a lot of them were still at hand in mid-1930s. Most rifles are fitted with Mle 1874 bayonets though Mle 1866 Yataghan sword bayonets are also seen.

Gras Mle 1874 with Mle 1874 sword bayonet - 11 x 59mm Gras
Catherine Millard (Antonina Maksimova), a female volunteer of National Guard, appears with a rifle in the opening scene.
A centry at the gates of the city hall of Montmartre, one of the main centers of Commune.
Frappeau (Georgi Chernovolenko) holds a rifle.
Corporal Bordieux (Ivan Bobrov) of Versailles troops holds a rifle during the night attack on National Guard positions.
A National Guard soldier fires his rifle.
Eugene Gorrot (Dmitri Dorlyak) stops Catherine Millard from needless firing. Gorrot's rifle is fitted with a Mle 1866 Yataghan sword bayonet.
A National Guard soldier in action.
National Guard soldiers attach bayonets to their rifles.
Soldiers of French Army fire a salvo during the battle for a barricade.
National Guard soldiers (Ivan Guzikov second from the left) and volunteers stand in formation during the funeral of General Jaroslav Dombrowski.


Field Cannons

All cannons of National Guard are heavily outdated muzzle-loading smoothbore guns (the real cannons of the time of Franco-Prussian War and Paris Commune were breach-loading). The cannons appear to be genuine weapon of Napoleonic era, not mockups, used in movies of later times. Their size and shape match Russian M1805 12-pounder field gun.

A cannon on position during the night battle.
Artillerymen fire the cannon.

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