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Soldiers Were Going (Shli soldaty...)

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Soldiers Were Going (Shli soldaty...)
Shli soldaty Poster.jpg
Original Theatrical Poster
Country SOV.jpg USSR
Directed by Leonid Trauberg
Release Date 1959
Language Russian
Studio Mosfilm
Main Cast
Character Actor
Matvey Kuzmich Krylov Sergey Bondarchuk
Ilya Semyonovich Sorokin Andrei Petrov
Jakob Hoffmann Erast Garin
Olga Kartseva Elza Lezhdey
Yegor Mikhaylov Mikhail Ulyanov
Khristya Tatyana Doronina
Russian General Vladimir Belokurov
Sen'ka Oleg Efremov

Soldiers Were Going (Shli soldaty...) is a Soviet 1959 (filmed 1958) historical movie directed by Leonid Trauberg. The story is set in October 1917. During the fraternization on Russian-German front soldiers of both armies were shelled by artillery. Two surviving Russians, Matvey Krylov (Sergey Bondarchuk) and Ilya Sorokin (Andrei Petrov), accompanied by a German soldier Jakob Hoffmann (Erast Garin) and a Russian nurse Olga Kartseva (Elza Lezhdey), move to Petrograd with a demand from frontline soldiers to the highest authorities to stop the war. After many troubles, they appear in Petrograd in the days of Russian revolution and join the Red Guards.

The following weapons were used in the film Soldiers Were Going (Shli soldaty...):


Nagant M1895

In one scene Bolshevik soldier Yegor Mikhaylov (Mikhail Ulyanov) holds a Nagant M1895 revolver. In same scene a prison warden Ivan Petrovich (Georgiy Budarov) carries a Nagant in holster. A Nagant is also used by an Anarchist robber (uncredited).

Nagant M1895 Revolver - 7.62x38R Nagant. Note the angular front sight which was used from 1930s.
An Anarchist holds a Nagant during the robbery of "bourgeoisie " in restaurant.
Another view of the revolver.
The post-1930 angular front sight is seen.
The prison warden carries a Nagant holster. Judging by the lanyard, the revolver is in the holster.
Yegor Mikhaylov holds a Nagant when releasing the main characters from prison.
Another view of Mikhaylov's Nagant.
The grip of Mikhaylov's revolver is seen.


Mauser C96

Several revolutionaries use Mauser C96 pistols. A Mauser is also seen in hands of an Anarchist robber (uncredited).

Pre-War dated Mauser C96 "Broomhandle" Commercial Version - 7.63x25mm Mauser
An Anarchist sailor (uncredited) holds a Mauser during the robbery of "bourgeoisie " in restaurant.
Another view of the Mauser pistol (at the left) in same scene.
Shli soldaty-MauserC96-3.jpg
A revolutionary sailor (Ivan Selyanin) with a Mauser C96.
The sailor holds his Mauser.
Shli soldaty-MauserC96-6.jpg
A commander of Red Guard (uncredited) leads his men with a Mauser C96 in hand.

FN Model 1900

In the scene in the train an FN Model 1900 is seen in hands of General's adjutant (Anatoli Chemodurov), then it is taken by the General (Vladimir Belokurov), and at last Yegor Mikhaylov (Mikhail Ulyanov) disarms the General.

FN Model 1900 - .32 ACP
General's adjutant, Podporuchik (2nd Lt. rank) threatens Mikhaylov with FN 1900 pistol.
Another view of the scene.
The pistol on the table.
The General reaches the pistol.
Mikhaylov punches the General and disarms him.

Luger P08

A German Lt. (Vladimir Kolchin) carries a pistol in TT-33 holster. Some detailes that can be seen match Luger P08.

Luger P08 - 9x19mm
Shli soldaty-Pistol-1.jpg
The grip of the pistol is partially seen. Its shape allows to make a guess that the pistol in holster is a P08.


Mosin Nagant M1891

Most Russian soldiers and Red Guards are armed with Mosin Nagant M1891 Infantry rifles.

Note: see additional images on talk page.

Imperial Russian Mosin Nagant M1891 - 7.62x54mm R
Pvt. Okhrimchuk (Aleksandr Shirshov) holds a rifle with a makeshift white flag on bayonet when he approaches the German trenches for fraternization.
Russian soldiers with rifles. At the left Senior Unter-officer (Fyodor Odinokov) holds an M91 with bayonet, attached backwards.
Senior Unter-officer hands the rifle with white flag to Pvt. Matvey Kuzmich Krylov (Sergey Bondarchuk).
Krylov holds the rifle with white flag.
Pvt. Ilya Semyonovich Sorokin (Andrei Petrov) holds a rifle.
Russian soldiers with rifles. Some wear M1917 steel helmets with the insignia of strike unit.
German soldier Jakob Hoffmann (Erast Garin) carries an M91 rifle.
Krylov and Sorokin with rifles.
Firing squad of Cossacks ready to fire.
An aged Cossack (Aleksandr Gumburg) aims his rifle.
Hoffmann holds an M91 rifle.
Red Guards (mostly sailors) during the revolutionary events in Petrograd.

Mosin Nagant M1938 Carbine

Out of time Mosin Nagant M1938 Carbines are briefly seen in hands of Red Guards.

Mosin Nagant M38 Carbine - 7.62x54mm R
A sailor at the left holds an M38 Carbine.

Mauser Gewehr 1898

Several German soldiers hold full-length Mauser rifles, most likely Gewehr 98s.

Mauser Gewehr 1898 - 7.92x57mm Mauser
Shli soldaty-Mauser-1.jpg
A German soldier with Mauser rifle. The rifle seems to have flat rear sight instead of Lange-Visier; such version match post-1918 Reichswehr Gewehr 98s.
A closer view of barrel and bayonet. The bayonet is short 84/98 or later 98k, issued for Kar 98k (both look very similar).
A German soldier holds a Mauser rifle at far left.

Machine Guns

Chatellerault M1924/29

A Chatellerault M1924/29 light machine gun (without magazine) is mounted on a German airplane (real weapons of German planes were Parabellum MG14 and LMG 08/15).

Chatellerault Mle 1924 M29 Light Machine Gun - 7.5x54mm
Shli soldaty-Chatellerault-1.jpg
Chatellerault machine gun on a German plane. The gunner-observer drops a crude mockup of aerial bomb.

Maxim M1910/30

Junkers (cadets) on defence of the Provisional Government fire an out of time Maxim M1910/30 machine gun of post-1940 version.

Maxim M1910/30, post 1940 manufacture with top hatch on cooling jacket - 7.62x54mmR
Shli soldaty-Maxim-1.jpg
A Maxim fires from the window.

Other Weapons

RG-14/30 Hand Grenade

RG-14/30 hand grenades, standing for original RG-14, are briefly seen in several scenes.

RG-14/30 hand grenade.
During the robbery in restaurant Anarchist sailor carries a hand grenade in his belt. He is armed with a Mauser C96 (see above) and with another, poorly seen handgun that is possibly a Nagant revolver.
On Second All-Russian Congress of Soviets of Workers' and Soldiers' Deputies a revolutionary sailor at the right holds a grenade.
A sailor (at the background) in Smolny, the headquarters of Bolsheviks, carries a grenade.



General's adjutant (Anatoli Chemodurov) carries a TT-33 holster. His handgun is an FN Model 1900.
A German Lt. (Vladimir Kolchin) carries a TT holster. In this scene the holster is definitly empty but in next scene there is a pistol (supposedly Luger, see above) in it.
Yegor Mikhaylov (Mikhail Ulyanov) carries a TT holster. His handgun is a Nagant M1895.


76.2mm M1902 (or, more likely, M1902/30 with L30 barrels) are seen in several scenes.

A 3-inch gun under cover on rail flatcar.
Two 3-inch guns at the entrance of Smolny.


A replica of Austin armoured car is seen during the revolutionary events in Petrograd. It is based on Austin-Putilov version, identified by diagonally placed turrets.

An armoured car in front of Smolny.
The vehicle seems to lack the machine guns in turrets.


When a German airplane is seen in flight, is is a scale model looking similar to Etrich Taube.

Shli soldaty-Airplane-1.jpg

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