Red and White (Merah Putih)
Red and White (Merah Putih) is a historical drama about the 1945-1949 Indonesian War of Independence against Dutch colonial rule. When the Japanese occupation forces retreat in 1945, independence is declared from the Dutch who understandably won’t let their former colonies slip away that easily.
The story starts in 1947 and follows 5 recruits (see infobox for naming) who join the newly formed Indonesian Army. After their training camp is attacked by the Dutch, they must try to survive behind enemy lines with the help of local villagers. In the process, they overcome their initial differences and become a fearsome resistance force.
The name of the movie refers to the two colors of the Indonesian national flag and the movie is the first part of a trilogy. A final note, even though the guns are pretty much correct for 1940's Indonesia, it would have been more correct to see further Japanese or originally Dutch guns rather than US and English arms.
The following weapons were used in the film Red and White (Merah Putih):
Several officers carry the M1911A1 as their side-arm throughout the movie, most notably Surono (Zumi Zola) as newly appointed commanding officer of his unit plus Dutch officers during raids on Indonesian villages.
Major Van Gaartner (Rudy Wowor) is seen pulling a Luger P08 when his convoy is ambushed. This is correct as the Luger P08 was indeed purchased for Dutch officers in Indonesia in the 1920’s and probably still in use in the late 1940’s.
Amir (Lukman Sardi) and Tomas (Donny Alamsyah), plus several recruits and a few Dutch soldiers, can be seen carrying the M1A1 Thompson. It is probably a non-firing version because for firing scenes, it is substituted for the M1928A1 Thompson.
M3 Grease Gun
The most common submachine gun among the Dutch is the M3 Grease Gun. It can be distinguished from the later M3A1 model by the external crank lever for cocking the bolt, clearly visible in all below screenshots.
Carl Gustav M/45
In several scenes, Dutch soldiers can be seen carrying (but not firing) the Carl Gustav M/45. It can be identified by its typical silhouette and its folding stock plus massive wooden grip. Even though correct from a time perspective, this submachine gun has never been officially used by Dutch forces.
Sten Ml II
In one scene, a Dutch soldier chatting up Indonesian girls can briefly be seen carrying a Sten Mk II, distinguishable by its front barrel section and general tubular appearance.
Lee-Enfield No.1 Mk.III
Many Dutch soldiers, as well as Indonesian recruits, can be seen carrying the Lee-Enfield No.1 Mk.III.
Most Dutch and Indonesian characters carry the M1 Garand at one time or the other. For some reason, all examples seen on screen seem to have a chrome gas tube and front sight.
In the ambush scene, one Dutch soldier is seen carrying a post-war M1 Carbine with adjustable sight and a bayonet lug. The movie takes place in 1947 so this would be a correct model.
Lee-Enfield No.4 Mk.I prop rifle
During non-firing sequences, most Indonesian recruits are carrying what appears to be a non-firing prop rifle visually based on the Lee-Enfield No.4 Mk.I. It has the typical front sight and magazine, but there’s no bolt and the barrel extends too long beyond the front sight.
Type 3 Heavy Machine Gun
In several scenes, the Japanese Type 3 Heavy Machine Gun can be seen on what appears to be an original mount. Interestingly, the original vertical grips have been replaced by crude horizontal grips. This machine gun was probably left behind by Japanese forces retreating from Indonesia a few years earlier. At one point, Amir incorrectly describes it as "Fifty Caliber".
In the final gun battle, a Dutch jeep is equipped with a Browning M1919A4 on a simple pedestal mount.
In one scene, a Dutch soldier can be seen carrying a Bren gun. Because it is seen only briefly, the exact version cannot be determined but it’s most probably a Mk2 model.