Murata Rifle

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Murata Type 13 (M.1880).
Murata Type 16 shotgun.
Rare Murata commercial shotgun. This is not a converted military rifle but manufactured for sporting purposes. This uses its own rimmed cartridge, a shortened version of the 8mm Murata round.

The Murata Rifle is an early Japanese bolt-action rifle, named after its inventor, Major Murata Tsuneyoshi. This is the first modern Japanese locally produced long firearm (before it, Japan only produced the Tanegashima arquebus). It's also the first indigenous Japanese rifle. Murata rifles were used by the Japanese Imperial Army during the First Sino-Japanese War, and the Boxer Rebellion. After 1898, Murata rifles were replaced by the more advanced Arisaka Rifle, but saw limited use during the Russo-Japanese War and World War I.

After WWI, many rifles were converted to shotguns and sold on the civilian market (similar to what happened with old rifles in Russia and Germany). Due to its obscurity, the Murata rifle will most likely appear in old or historical Japanese movies, TV shows, or anime.

Contents

Specifications

(1880 - 1905)

  • Country of Origin: Japan
  • Caliber(s): 11x60mmR Murata; 8x53mmR Murata
  • Weight: 9 lbs (4.1 kg)
  • Length: 50.9 in (129.4 cm)
  • Barrel length(s): 33.1 in (84 cm)
  • Capacity: Single-Shot (Type 13, Type 16, Type 18, and civilian models); 8, 5-round tube magazine (Type 22, Type 22 carbine)
  • Fire Modes: Single-Shot

Variants

  • Type 13 (1880) preliminary model (11x60mmR). Bolt action, single-shot.
  • Type 16 (1883) carbine (11x60mmR). Derived from Type 13, structurally identical.
  • Type 18 (1885) (11x60mmR). Improved internal mechanisms and ergonomics.
  • Type 22 (1889) (8x53mmR). Tube magazine, capacity of eight rounds.
  • Type 22 carbine (1889) (8x53mmR). Carbine variant of the original Type 22. Tube magazine holds five rounds.
  • Civilian models (various calibers). Usually retired Type 13s and Type 18s; some were converted to bolt action shotguns via omission of bayonet lugs and rifling.

The Murata Rifle and variants can be seen in the following films, television series, video games, and anime used by the following actors:

Film

Title Actor Character Note Date
Under Aurora Kôji Yakusho Genzo Tamiya Converted shotgun 1990
Andrei Boltnev Arseniy
Yellow Fangs Hiroyuki Sanada Haiyaku Eiji Converted shotguns 1990
Mika Muramatsu Yuki
Bunta Sugawara Kasuke
Bin Kurihara Gohei
Akira Kurosaki Sabu
Yasushi Suzuki Kuramochi constable
Mutant Girls Squad Koide Shikou Vigilant #1 Converted shotguns 2010
Takashi Nishina Vigilant #2
Malay Regiment Communist guerillas 2017

Anime

Title Character Note Date
When They Cry Expanded: Outbreak Armed civilian 2013
Golden Kamuy - Season 1 Nihei Tetsuzou 2018
Tanigaki
Golden Kamuy - Season 2 Tanigaki 2018
Matagi
Golden Kamuy - Season 3 Tanigaki 2020
Cikapasi
Kiroranke


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