The Murata Rifle is an early Japanese bolt-action rifle, named after its inventor, Major Murata Tsuneyoshi. This is the first modern Japanese locally produced long firearm (before it, Japan only produced the Tanegashima arquebus). It's also the first indigenous Japanese rifle. Murata rifles were used by the Japanese Imperial Army during the First Sino-Japanese War, and the Boxer Rebellion. After 1898, Murata rifles were replaced by the more advanced Arisaka Rifle, but saw limited use during the Russo-Japanese War and World War I.
After WWI, many rifles were converted to shotguns and sold on the civilian market (similar to what happened with old rifles in Russia and Germany). Due to its obscurity, the Murata rifle will most likely appear in old or historical Japanese movies, TV shows, or anime.
(1880 - 1905)
- Country of Origin: Japan
- Type: Bolt Action Rifle
- Caliber(s): 11x60mmR Murata; 8x53mmR Murata
- Weight: 9 lbs (4.1 kg)
- Length: 50.9 in (129.4 cm)
- Barrel length(s): 33.1 in (84 cm)
- Capacity: Single-Shot (Type 13, Type 16, Type 18, and civilian models); 8, 5-round tube magazine (Type 22, Type 22 carbine)
- Fire Modes: Single-Shot
- Type 13 (1880) preliminary model (11x60mmR). Bolt action, single-shot.
- Type 16 (1883) carbine (11x60mmR). Derived from Type 13, structurally identical.
- Type 18 (1885) (11x60mmR). Improved internal mechanisms and ergonomics.
- Type 22 (1889) (8x53mmR). Tube magazine, capacity of eight rounds.
- Type 22 carbine (1889) (8x53mmR). Carbine variant of the original Type 22. Tube magazine holds five rounds.
- Civilian models (various calibers). Usually retired Type 13s and Type 18s; some were converted to bolt action shotguns via omission of bayonet lugs and rifling.
The Murata Rifle and variants can be seen in the following films, television series, video games, and anime used by the following actors:
|Under Aurora||Kôji Yakusho||Genzo Tamiya||Converted shotgun||1990|
|Yellow Fangs||Hiroyuki Sanada||Haiyaku Eiji||Converted shotguns||1990|
|Yasushi Suzuki||Kuramochi constable|
|Mutant Girls Squad||Koide Shikou||Vigilant #1||Converted shotguns||2010|
|Takashi Nishina||Vigilant #2|
|Malay Regiment||Communist guerillas||2017|
|When They Cry Expanded: Outbreak||Armed civilian||2013|
|Golden Kamuy - Season 1||Nihei Tetsuzou||2018|
|Golden Kamuy - Season 2||Tanigaki||2018|
|Golden Kamuy - Season 3||Tanigaki||2020|