Living and the Dead (Zhivye i Myortvye), The

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The Living and the Dead
(Zhivye i Myortvye)
ZhivyeIMyortvye-Poster.jpg
DVD cover
Country SOV.jpg USSR
Directed by Aleksandr Stolper
Release Date 1964
Language Russian
Studio Mosfilm
Main Cast
Character Actor
Ivan Petrovich Sintsov Kirill Lavrov
Fyodor Fyodorovich Serpilin Anatoli Papanov
Aleksey Denisovich Malinin Aleksei Glazyrin
Ivanov Oleg Efremov
Tatyana Nikolaevna Ovsyannikova Lyudmila Krylova
Sergey Nikolaevich Schmakov Lev Lyubetskiy
Lyusin Roman Khomyatov
Mariya Sintsova Lyudmila Lyubimova


The Living and the Dead (Russian Title: Zhivye i Myortvye / Живые и мёртвые) is a 1964 World War II drama directed by Aleksandr Stolper and based on a novel by Konstantin Simonov. The early days of the German invasion in the Soviet Union. Soviet troops have suffered one defeat after another. The Red Army retreats to Moscow. War correspondent Ivan Sintsov (Kirill Lavrov) is a witness and participant to these tragic events.

The movie was followed by Vozmezdie (1967) that shows the fate of the main characters during the Stalingrad Battle.


The following weapons were used in the film The Living and the Dead (Zhivye i Myortvye):

Contents


Handguns

Nagant M1895

Nagant M1895 revolvers are service sidearms of most Soviet officers, notably Starshiy Politruk (Senior political officer, Captain rank) Ivan Petrovich Sintsov (Kirill Lavrov), General Fyodor Fyodorovich Serpilin (Anatoli Papanov), Commissar Segrey Nikolaevich Shmakov (Lev Lyubetskiy), Capt. (then Maj.) Ivanov (Oleg Efremov), combat medic Tatyana Nikolaevna Ovsyannikova (Lyudmila Krylova), Mladshiy Politruk (Junior political officer, Lieutenant rank) Lyusin (Roman Khomyatov), Lt. Khoryshev (Igor Pushkaryov), Maj. Danilov (Vladlen Paulus), and war correspondent Misha Wainstein (Zinovi Vysokovsky). Nagants are mostly seen in holsters.

Note: see additional images on talk page.

Nagant M1895 - 7.62x38N
An officer in center desperately fires a Nagant at attacking German planes.
Lyusin holds a Nagant in holster, a sidearm of his comrade who was recently killed in action.
Sintsov carries a Nagant in holster.
A grip of Wainstein's Nagant is seen.
A grip of Maj. Ivanov's Nagant is seen.
Ivanov draws his Nagant for salute. The gun is seen blurry due to fast motion.
Tanya Ovsyannikova draws her Nagant during the surprise attack of German troops. Maj. Danilov (at the right) carries a Nagant in holster.
Tanya draws her Nagant.
A grip of Gen. Seprilin's Nagant is seen.

Tokarev TT-33

TT-33 pistols are also used by Soviet officers, notably by General Fyodor Fyodorovich Serpilin (Anatoli Papanov), Air Force General Kozyrev (Vladimir Marenkov), Air Force Maj. (Vladimir Gorelov), and an unnamed Sr. Lt. (Oleg Tabakov) who erroneously arrested Sintsov.

Note: see additional images on talk page.

Tokarev TT-33 - 7.62x25mm Tokarev. Pre-1947 version.
Air Force Maj. holds a TT after parachute landing from a downed plane.
Zhivye i Myortvye-TT-3.jpg
Zhivye i Myortvye-TT-4.jpg
Zhivye i Myortvye-TT-5.jpg
Seriously wounded downed pilot, Lt. Gen. Kozyrev fires his TT-33 at Soviet soldiers whom he confused with the Germans.
Kozyrev shoots himself with last round.
Gen. Serpilin carries a TT holster.
Sintsov puts the Lieutenant's pistol over a note to Lieutenant.
The Lieutenant holds his TT.

Submachine Guns

PPSh-41

Some Soviet soldiers and officers, notably Ivan Petrovich Sintsov (Kirill Lavrov), Lt. Khoryshev (Igor Pushkaryov), Maj. Danilov (Vladlen Paulus) and Col. Baranov (Yuri Volkov), carry PPSh-41 SMGs. The appearance of these submachine guns during the events of Summer 1941 is anachronistic but during the Battle for Moscow in Autumn-Winter 1941 PPSh were really widely used.

Note: see additional images on talk page.

PPSh-41 - 7.62x25mm Tokarev
A Lt. of Tank Forces (Gennadiy Yukhtin) with a PPSh stops Sintsov's car. Two his subordinates hold M91/30 rifles.
A soldier with PPSh follows Gen. Serpilin and Politruk Sintsov.
Lt. Khoryshev carries a PPSh.
Maj. Danilov holds a PPSh during surprise attack of German troops. He also carries a Nagant M1895 in holster.
A soldier at the left fires a PPSh.
Ivan Sintsov, currently a Sergeant, and another soldier carry a German POW on snow-covered field during the Battle for Moscow. Both are armed with PPSh-41s.
Sgt. Sintsov and other soldiers carry PPSh during the march in Winter 1941.
Soldiers with PPSh stand in formation.

MP40

Some Soviet soldiers and officers use captured MP40s during the battles in Summer 1941. German soldiers are briefly seen with MP40 in one scene.

Note: see additional images on talk page.

MP40 - 9x19mm
Politruk Ivan Sintsov (Kirill Lavrov) holds an MP40.
Crewmembers of 45mm AT gun carry captured MP40s. Starshina Shestakov (Viktor Avdyushko) at the right carries an MP40 on sling and a pair of spare magazines, tucked in his belt.
A number of captured MP40s are seen in a tent during the meeting of commanders.
Soldiers stand in formation after breaking the enemy encirclement. They are mostly armed with MP40, some also carry Model 24 Stielhandgranate hand grenades.
Commissar Sergey Nikolaevich Shmakov (Lev Lyubetskiy) carries an MP40.
The smooth magazine receiver is typical for early MP40s.
Soldiers fire MP40 in air in salute.
German soldiers with MP40s in attack.
A close view of Sintsov's MP40.
Soldier Petya Zolotaryov (Yuriy Dubrovin) takes MP40 from unconscious Sintsov.

Rifles

Mosin Nagant M1891/30

The main weapon of Soviet infantry is Mosin Nagant M1891/30 rifle. Rifles are notably used by Politruk Malinin (Aleksey Glazyrin), Starshina Kovalchuk (Boris Yurchenko), Pvts. Pyotr Zolotaryov (Yuriy Dubrovin) and Efremov (Mikhail Vorobyov). Bayonets are often attached backwards. This is a exclusively cinematic practice; in reality such practice was banned by service manuals.

Note: see additional images on talk page.

Mosin Nagant M1891/30 - 7.62x54R
Soldiers fire M91/30 rifles and DP-27 machine gun at German bomber planes.
Zhivye i Myortvye-Mosin-2.jpg
Soldiers fire at German bombers. A soldier at the foreground reloads his rifle.
One of the militsioneers (Vladimir Shibankov), who stopped Sintsov's car, carries an M91/30 rifle with bayonet, attached backwards. His comrade (Evgeniy Shutov) carries a Nagant M1895 in holster.
Soldiers of Gen. Serpilin division sleep in trench with their rifles at hand. A sentry at the background carries a rifle with attached bayonet.
A soldier with M91/30 rifle with bayonet reports to Gen. Serpilin.
Zolotaryov carries a rifle on sling.
Soldiers fire rifles and DP-27 machine gun during the battle in forest.
Pvt. Efremov holds the rifle.
Malinin, still in civil dress, carries his rifle when he takes under command a unit of Moscow "Narodnoe Opolcheniye" (People's Militia).
Soldiers with M91/30 rifles on march in Winter 1941.

Mosin Nagant M1938 Carbine

Some Soviet soldiers, mostly artillerymen and crewmembers of AT rifles and notably Mladshiy Politruk Lyusin (Roman Khomyatov), carry Mosin Nagant M1938 Carbines.

Mosin Nagant M1938 Carbine - 7.62x54mmR
Lyusin holds an M38 Carbine.
Lyusin carries his carbine in the scene in Capt. Ivanov's tank unit.
A barrel of M38 Carbine is seen at the bottom right.
An artilleryman at the right next to AA gun carries an M38 Carbine.
A crewmember of AT rifle carries an M38 Carbine (at the right).

Shotguns

Double Barreled Shotgun

Some volunteers of the Moscow "Narodnoe Opolcheniye" (People's Militia) carry their personal double barreled shotguns, until these guns are replaced with military firearms.

A volunteer in center (Viktor Yakovlev) holds a shotgun.
Same shotgun is seen in center and another one at the right.
External hammers are seen.

Machine Guns

Degtyaryov DP-27

Degtyaryov DP-27 light machine guns are used by Soviet troops.

DP-27 - 7.62x54mm R
Zhivye i Myortvye-DP-1.jpg
A DP fires at German bomber planes.
A DP-27 is mounted on BA-64 armoured car (out of time for Summer 1941), seen at the background.
A soldier at the left carries a DP-27 during the march on forest road.
Another DP-27 is seen in same scene.
Two DP-27, an MG34 and a Maxim M1910/30 are seen during the parade of the troops that came out of the encirclement.
A DP-27 repels enemy attack.
A soldier at the background carries a DP-27 during the winter march.

Degtyaryov DT

Degtyaryov DT machine guns are seen mounted on T-34 tanks.

DT machine gun - 7.62x54mm R
A frontal DT on T-34-85 (out of time for Winter 1941) can be seen.

MG34

During the battles of Summer 1941 some Soviet soldiers use captured MG34 machine guns.

MG34 with front and rear sights folded down - 7.92x57mm Mauser
An artillery petty officer holds an MG34.
A barrel of another MG34 is seen to the right.
Several MG34, DP-27, and a Maxim M1910/30 are seen during the parade of the troops that came out of the encirclement.

Maxim M1910/30

Soviet troops use Maxim M1910/30 machine guns in several scenes.

Maxim 1910/30 with wheel mount and shield - 7.62x54R
Zhivye i Myortvye-Maxim-1.jpg
A Maxim fires at German bombers.
Two DP-27, an MG34 and a Maxim are seen during the parade of the troops that came out of the encirclement.
Zhivye i Myortvye-Maxim-4.jpg
Lt. Khoryshev (Igor Pushkaryov) and a soldier ready a Maxim.
Another view of the same scene.
Come here, come here you bastards! Lt. Khoryshev repels enemy attack.
Soldiers carry a Maxim on winter road.

37-mm M1939 (61-K) AA Autocannon

37mm 61-K AA autocannons are seen in several scenes.

37-mm M1939 (61-K) automatic air defense gun - 37×252SR
A 61-K AA cannon is transported on a bridge at the background in Summer 1941.
AA cannons on guard of the road in Winter 1941.

Other Weapons

PTRS-41

PTRS-41 AT rifles are seen during the Battle for Moscow in Winter 1941.

PTRS-41 anti-tank rifle 14.5x114mm
Zhivye i Myortvye-PTRS-1.jpg
PTRS are seen during the march.
A barrel of PTRS is seen in center.
Soldiers carry a PTRS.
Zhivye i Myortvye-PTRS-5.jpg
PTRS is seen during the march.

PTRD-41

PTRD-41 AT rifles are seen during the Battle for Moscow in Winter 1941.

PTRD-41 anti-tank rifle 14.5x114mm
Soldiers carry a PTRD.

Model 24 Stielhandgranate

During the battles of Summer 1941 some Soviet soldiers carry captured Model 24 Stielhandgranate hand grenades.

Model 24 Stielhandgranate "Potato Masher" High-Explosive Fragmentation hand grenade
Soldiers stand in formation after breaking the enemy encirclement. They are mostly armed with MP40s, some also carry Model 24 Stielhandgranate hand grenades.

45mm M1937 (53-K) AT Gun

M1937 (53-K) AT guns are seen in several scenes.

M1937 (53-K) Soviet anti-tank gun - 45mm (1.77 in)
A 45mm AT gun in forest.
A closer view of the gun.
Another view of the scene.
Zhivye i Myortvye-53K-4.jpg
45mm guns on march in Winter 1941.

Trivia

Artillery

Zhivye i Myortvye-Artillery-1.jpg
152mm ML-20 gun-howitzers on march in Winter 1941. They are towed by postwar AT-S artillery tractors.

Tanks and Armoured Vehicles

A BA-64 armoured car. It is out of time for Summer 1941.
A BT-5 or BT-7 tank is seen at the right.
Maj. Ivanov stands on the turret of BT tank.
Destroyed Pz.Kpfw.IV Ausf.F2 tank in a wheat field near the Mogilev in July 1941. Actually long-barreled versions of the Pz.Kpfw.IV tanks entered service only in Spring 1942. Note the large number of shells hits. Maybe this tank was used as a target on the shooting range.
A closer view of same tank.
ZhivyeIMyortvye-PzIV3.jpg
A T-34-85 is used to carry wounded from the battlefield. Actually T-34-85 tanks entered service only in 1944.
A T-34-85 during the Battle for Moscow.
A T-34, mocked up as a German tank.
A T-34, mocked up as a German tank.
T-40 light tanks with mockup turrets stand for destroyed German tanks.
Destroyed German Tiger I tank can be seen during the Battle of Moscow. Actually Tiger tanks entered service only in the end of Summer 1942.
Destroyed Pz.Kpfw.IV Ausf.F2 tank is seen during the Battle for Moscow. It's the same tank, seen in the first part of the movie.

Airplanes

Scale models of Soviet and German airplanes are used in the scenes of aerial battle in Summer 1941.

TB-3 heavy bombers return from the mission.
Two Bf.109 attack Soviet bombers.
An I-16 in attack.
Ju.87 dive bombers attack Soviet positions.

Posters

Original film poster



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