Villar Perosa M1915

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The Villar Perosa M1915 (also known as the Revelli Automatic Machine Gun) is a twin-barreled submachine gun of Italian manufacturer Officine Villar Perosa (OVP in short). It was originally designed in 1914 by famous Italian small arms designer Bethel Abiel Revelli. It was used by cyclist troops fitted to their bicycles, and also fitted to some Italian aircrafts. In 1915, the Villar Perosa was adapted for infantry use, with the introduction of a variety of mountings, including carrying trays (which were carried on shoulder straps or put on the ground for more stable position and less exposure to enemy fire) and light tripods. Later, a wooden rifle-type stock was designed for the Villar Perosa, so it could be fired more or less comfortably from the shoulder, thus creating the first practical submachine gun in the world.

After the war, some of the original Villar Perosa weapons (assembled from two receivers) were disassembled into halves, and put into rifle type stocks, adding rifle-type triggers. Such conversions were known as Villar Perosa M1918 (as done by Villar Perosa). A slightly improved version of the same design was also produced by Beretta, and was known as the Beretta M1918. Thus, the Villar Perosa is not only, practically, the first submachine gun in the world, but also the beginning of Beretta's submachine gun traditions.

As the original Villar Perosa SMGs are rare and can hardly be seen outside of museums, movie productions have made Villar Perosa mock-ups from later Beretta submachine guns.

Villar Perosa M1915 SMG and variants can be seen in the following films, television series, video games, and anime used by the following actors:

Contents


Villar Perosa M1915

Villar Perosa Mod 15 - 9mm Glisenti
Villar Perosa M1915, fitted with wooden stock for off-hand use - 9mm Glisenti

Specifications

(1914–1918)

  • Type: Submachine gun
  • Calibers: 9x19mm Glisenti
  • Weight: 14lb (6.5 kg) (sans mount)
  • Length: 35 in (900 mm)
  • Barrel length: 11 in (279 mm)
  • Capacity: 2 x 25 rounds (aircraft)
  • Fire Modes: Full-Auto only

Video Games

Game Title Appears as Mods Release Date
Battlefield: 1918 Villar-Perosa 2010


OVP M1918

Villar Perosa M1918 - 9mm Glisenti

An early attempt at modifying an isolated M1915 receiver into an infantry-portable weapon.

Specifications

(1918-?)

  • Type: Submachine gun
  • Caliber: 9x19mm Glisenti
  • Weight: 8.09lb (3.67 kg)
  • Length: 35.43 in (900 mm)
  • Barrel length: 11.02 in (280 mm)
  • Capacity: 25 rounds
  • Fire Modes: Semi-Auto/Full-Auto (dual triggers)

Video Games

Game Title Appears as Mods Release Date
Sniper Elite 4 2017

Beretta M1918

Beretta M1918 "Monogrillo" - 9x19mm Glisenti
Beretta M1918 "Bigrillo" - 9x19mm Glisenti

The Beretta M1918 was an improved, single-receiver version of the Villar Perosa M1918, designed by Tullio Marengoni. Multiple versions of the M1918 exist, the most common version was the single-trigger semi-auto-only "Monogrillo" model. Another version was the twin-trigger "Bigrillo" model, which allowed for full-auto fire by pulling on its rear trigger.

Several sources claimed that the M1918 was the first purpose-built SMGs ever issued (the Villar Perosa being discounted due to its doctrinal origins as a mounted light support weapon), predating even the issue of the Bergmann MP18; however this claim has been disputed as it is unclear if the rarer full-auto "Bigrillo" model (i.e. the model that is actually an SMG by definition) actually reached the frontlines, and a lack of primary sources on the M1918's WWI use made some experts believe that the M1918 may have never been issued in WWI at all.

Specifications

(1918-?)

  • Type: Carbine ("Monogrillo"); Submachine gun ("Bigrillo")
  • Calibers: 9x19mm Glisenti
  • Weight: 7lb 3oz (3.3 kg)
  • Length: 43 in (1092 mm)
  • Barrel length: 12in (305 mm)
  • Capacity: 25 rounds
  • Fire Modes: Semi-auto ("Monogrillo"); Semi-auto/full-auto ("Bigrillo")

Video Games

Game Title Appears as Mods Notations Release Date
Battlefield 1 Automatico M1918 "Monogrillo" depicted as firing in full auto 2016

See Also



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