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Storm Over the Belaya (Groza nad Beloy)

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Storm Over the Belaya (Groza nad Beloy)
Groza nad Beloy Poster.jpg
Original Theatrical Poster
Country SOV.jpg USSR
Directed by Evgeniy Nemchenko
Stanislav Chaplin
Release Date 1968
Language Russian
Studio Lenfilm
Main Cast
Character Actor
Mikhail Vasilyevich Frunze Aleksandr Mikhaylov (II)
Andrey Karpov Aleksey Yakovlev
Sasha Vikhrova Natalya Tenyakova
Veselkov Vladimir Kashpur
Abalov Gennadiy Yukhtin
Gen. Mikhail Vasilyevich Khanzhin Yefim Kopelyan
Sofya Alekseevna Popova Emma Popova
Fyodor Fyodorovich Novitskiy Nikolay Volkov, Sr.
Admiral Aleksandr Vasilyevich Kolchak Bruno Frejndlikh

Storm Over the Belaya (a direct translation of the original title Groza nad Beloy) is a 1968 Soviet B&W historical war movie directed by Evgeniy Nemchenko and Stanislav Chaplin. The plot depicts an episode of the Russian Civil War - the battle on the Belaya river in February-June 1919 when the Red troops under the command of Mikhail Frunze defeated the White Army and took the city of Ufa.

The following weapons were used in the film Storm Over the Belaya (Groza nad Beloy):


Nagant M1895

Nagant M1895 revolvers are used by many Red Army commanders and enlisted men, notably the commander of brigade Veselkov (Vladimir Kashpur). The 4th Army Commander Mikhail Vasilyevich Frunze (Aleksandr Mikhaylov (II)), the 4th Army Chief of Staff Fyodor Fyodorovich Novitskiy (Nikolay Volkov, Sr.) and the scouts unit commander in Veselkov's brigade Sasha Vikhrova (Natalya Tenyakova) carry Nagants in holsters. Most if not all revolvers are of anachronistic post-1930 model.

Nagant M1895 - 7.62x38R Nagant. Note the angular front sight which was used from 1930s.
Novitskiy (at the right) carries a Nagant in holster.
Frunze carries a Nagant in holster.
Veselkov draws a Nagant during the unrest in his brigade.
Polundov (Nikolay Kuzmin), a scout of Vikhrova's unit, holds a Nagant.
Polundov carries his Nagant tucked into his belt.
Veselkov (in center) holds a Nagant during the attack. A Nagant is also seen in hands of a junior commander (at the background left).
Two Red junior commanders fire their Nagants while Veselkov fires a Maxim M1910 machine gun.
Veselkov holds his Nagant when his troops prepare for repelling of the counterattack of the Whites.


Mauser C96

Mauser C96 pistols are widely used in the movie (as it is common for the Soviet films about the Civil War, and much wider than it actually was), notably by a scout Andrey Karpov (Aleksey Yakovlev).

Pre-War dated Mauser C96 "Broomhandle" Commercial Version - 7.63x25mm Mauser
Two junior commanders in Veselkov's bridage (in center) carry Mauser C96 pistols in holsters.
Veselkov's orderly (Aleksandr Anisimov) carries a Mauser C96 in holster.
During the unrest in Veselkov's brigade, one of the commanders draws his Mauser but another one (Yuriy Bashkov) grabs the gun.
Karpov carries a Mauser with cocked hammer in his bosom, preparing for the attempt on Frunze.
Groza nad Beloy-MauserC96-5.jpg
Abalov (Gennadiy Yukhtin), the artillery commander who turns out to be a White spy, takes the Mauser from Karpov after the latter refuses to fire at Frunze.
Karpov carries the Mauser tucked into his belt.
A Red commander (Vladimir Karpenko) carries a Mauser in holster during the river crossing.
Groza nad Beloy-MauserC96-9.jpg
Karpov meets Abalov, now a White officer, on the battlefield.


Mosin Nagant M1891 Dragoon and M1891/30

Mosin Nagant M1891 Dragoon and anachronistic M1891/30 rifles, very similar in appearance, are used by both Reds and Whites. Only in some cases the exact model can be identified.

Imperial Russian Mosin Nagant M1891 Dragoon - 7.62x54mm R
Soviet Mosin Nagant M1891/30 - 7.62x54mm R
A sentry at Frunze's staff railway wagon holds an M1891 Dragoon rifle.
The Whites with rifles. The black uniform was never used by the White Army on the Eastern Front (of all White troops, the black uniform was assigned only to the General Markov's officer regiment that operated on the Southern Front), but this myth, created by Chapaev, was popularized by many films about the Civil War.
Groza nad Beloy-Mosin-6.jpg
Veselkov's brigade crosses the river. Most rifles are M1891 Dragoon or/and M1891/30 models.
The Reds in attack. The hooded front sight of M1891/30 rifle is seen at the left.
An M1891/30 rifle in hands of a killed Red Army man.
Reds prepare to repel the enemy counterattack.
The barrels of two M1891/30 rifles with bayonets, attached backwards.
A Red Army man aims an M1891/30 rifle (the hooded front sight is seen).

Mosin Nagant M1891 Infantry

Mosin Nagant M1891 Infantry rifles are also seen in hands of Red Army men.

Full-length, Imperial Russian Mosin Nagant M1891 - 7.62x54mm R
A sentry in the Red headquarters (at the left) holds an M1891 Infantry rifle.
Mikhail Frunze (Aleksandr Mikhaylov (II)) holds a M1891 rifle (most likely Infantry model), raising Red Army men in attack. The original M1891 bayonet is seen.
Groza nad Beloy-Mosin-15.jpg
Two Red Army men (Boris Ryzhukhin at the left) with M1891 Infantry rifles in recently captured trench wait for enemy counterattack.
A Red Army man in center holds an M1891 Infantry rifle with the bayonet, attached backwards.

Mosin Nagant M1938 Carbine

Some Red Army men carry anachronistic Mosin Nagant M1938 Carbines.

Mosin Nagant M1938 Carbine - 7.62x54mm R
Two Red Army men carry M38 Carbines.
The barrel of M38 Carbine is seen at the left.
One of the attacking Reds holds an M38 Carbine.
A Red Army man with an M38 Carbine. The barrel of Maxim M1910 machine gun is seen at the left.

Machine Guns

Maxim M1910

Both Reds and Whites use Maxim M1910 machine guns. Due to continuity errors, M1910 and M1910/30 machine guns are replaced with each other.

Maxim M1910, simplified version with smooth water jacket - 7.62x54mmR
An unloaded (despited being in battle position) Maxim M1910 of the Red unit on the railway flatcar. In the previous moment it was an M1910/30.
Another Red M1910 on the flatcar.
Veselkov (Vladimir Kashpur) fires a Maxim. Nagant revolvers of two junior commanders are seen at the left and right.
A Maxim M1910 of the White troops is seen in the trench, captured by Reds.

Maxim M1910/30

Maxim M1910/30 (or early type M1910) machine guns are also seen. Due to continuity errors, M1910 and M1910/30 machine guns are replaced with each other.

Maxim M1910/30 - 7.62x54mmR
A Maxim M1910/30 of the Red unit on the railway flatcar. In the next moment it is replaced with an M1910.
Andrey Karpov (Aleksey Yakovlev) readies to fire a Maxim M1910. In the previous moment this machine gun was an M1910.
Groza nad Beloy-Maxim-7.jpg
Karpov's Maxim M1910/30 in action.

Other Weapons

RG-14 Hand Grenade

Red Army men carry RG-14 (or RG-14/30) hand grenades.

RG-14 Russian hand grenade (Model 1914 grenade)
Groza nad Beloy-Grenade-1.jpg
Groza nad Beloy-Grenade-2.jpg
Several men of Veselkov's brigade carry hand grenades tucked into their belts.



Red troops use Russian 76.2 mm divisional gun model 1902, French 75 mm Mle 1897, and British 18-pounder field guns.

Canon de 75 Mle 1897
76.2mm M1902 Field Gun
Ordnance QF 18-pounder Field Gun Mk II
A 75 mm gun on the parade of the Red troops.
A 3-inch gun in the same scene.
A 18-pounder gun in the same scene.
An abandoned 75 mm gun of the White troops on the battlefield.


A Red armored car is a replica of Austin, the most common armored car of Russian Imperial and Red Armies.

Groza nad Beloy-ArmoredCar-1.jpg

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