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Black Sun (Chyornoye solntse)

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Black Sun (Chyornoye solntse)
Chyornoye solntse Poster.jpg
Original Russian Poster
Country SOV.jpg USSR
Directed by Aleksei Speshnev
Release Date 1970
Language Russian
Studio Belarusfilm
Main Cast
Character Actor
Robert Moussombe Ambroise Mbia
John Bart Nikolay Grinko
Nicole Gautier Gemma Firsova
Gaston Dylo Amponsah Sampson
Jacques Loup Bob Tsymba
Freddy "Africa" Rein Aren

Black Sun (the direct translation of the original title Chyornoye solntse) is a 1970 Soviet historical drama directed by Aleksei Speshnev (Khronika nochi). The story depicts the life and death of Robert Moussombe, the leader of some unnamed African state. The main character is a fictionalised depiction of Patrice Lumumba, and the events mostly follow the Congo Crisis in 1960s. Some other characters also have real life prototypes, like Dag Hammarskjold for John Bart, or Moise Tshombe for Jacques Loup.

The following weapons were used in the film Black Sun (Chyornoye solntse):


Luger P08

Mercanaries, including Freddy "Africa" (Rein Aren), and some other characters are seem with Luger P08 pistols.

Luger P08 - 9x19mm
A mercenary at the left holds a Luger during the confrontation on airfield.
A drunk doctor in local hospital fires a Luger.
Freddy "Africa"'s Luger.

Walther P38

What appears to be a Walther P38 is seen in hands of a guerilla leader in one scene.

Walther P38 pistol (manufactured at the Mauser Factory) - World War II dated - 9x19mm
A guerilla leader in center fires his pistol.

Astra 600

A mercenary surrenders an Astra 600 pistol during the confrontation on airfield.

Astra 600 - 9x19mm
The pistol is seen at the right.

Various pistols

Various nondescript pistols are seen in several scenes.

Mercenaries holds pistols during the confrontation on airfield. A Luger is seen at the background, while two pistols on the foreground are unidentified.
An officer of local troops holds a pistol during the coup d'etat. The general shape of the pistol resemles the first model of Browning Hi-Power with ajustable sight.
A mercenary holds a pistol, possibly the same Astra-looking gun that was seen in the scene on airfield.

Submachine Guns


MAS-38 SMGs are seen in several scenes.

MAS-38 Submachine gun - 7.65mm
Moussombe's bodyguard holds a MAS-38 during the confrontation with mercenaries on airfield.
A MAS-38 is seen at the background in Moussombe's apartments.

Thompson M1928A1

Thompson M1928A1 SMGs with drum magazines are seen in hands of mercenaries and guerilla fighters.

M1928A1 Thompson with 50-round drum magazine - .45 ACP
A mercenary in center holds a Thompson.
A guerilla at the right holds a Thompson.


In the final scene PPSh-41s are seen in documentary footage.

PPSh-41 Submachine Gun - 7.62x25mm Tokarev
African soldiers carry PPSh-41 SMGs.


Browning Auto-5

In the scene of the hunt in Africa some hunters carry Browning Auto-5 shotguns, all with sniper scopes.

Browning Auto-5, 23 1/2" slug barrel with Weaver K1 scope - 12 gauge
Chyornoye solntse-Rifle-1.jpg
Chyornoye solntse-Rifle-2.jpg
Chyornoye solntse-Rifle-3.jpg

Double Barreled Shotgun

In the scene of the hunt in Africa some hunters carry double barreled shotguns.

Chyornoye solntse-Shotgun-1.jpg


Sturmgewehr 44 (visually modified)

Numerous Sturmgewehr 44 are seen in the movie. They are visually modified (in two different versions) in order to resemble more modern guns, used during the Congo Crisis. These mockups, made on Belarusfilm studios, are different from Mosfilm fake M16, often seen in Soviet movies.

Sturmgewehr 44 - 7.92x33mm.

Mockup Version 1

The first model lacks the buttstock, sometilmes these guns are fitted with longer stick magazines.

A government soldier carries a rifle.
The "first model" is seen at the left in hands of a mercenary.
UN troops also use these rifles.
The soldiers in Parliament during the coup d'etat.
Freddy "Africa" (Rein Aren) holds the rifle on the photo in newspaper.
Robert Moussombe (Ambroise Mbia) holds a rifle.

Mocked-Up Version 2 (as FN FAL)

The second model retains the buttstock thought sometimes the standard one is replaced with a custom. The barrel is covered with a cylinder foregrip with slots. The front sight replaced with new one. It stand in for the FN FAL, that were widely used in Congo. They also retain the StG original magazines; while the FAL 30-round ones existed, they were usually used only with FN FALO.

FN FAL "G Series" - 7.62x51mm NATO. The G series is similar to the early FN FAL rifles.
Mercenaries aim their guns during the confrontation on the airfield.
Another view of the same scene.
The "second model" is seen at the right.
One of Moussombe's men holds a "second model" rifle.
A guerilla fighter holds a "second model" rifle.
A mercenary at the right holds a "second model" rifle during the arrest of Moussombe and the speaker of Parliament.
A soldier of Loup's troops guards arrested Moussombe.

Unmodified StG 44

Some unmodified StG 44 are also seen.

An StG 44 is seen next to the body of a guerilla fighter.

Karabiner 98k

Karabiner 98k rifles are widely used by local troops. They are also seen in hands of mercenaries and big game hunters.

Karabiner 98k - German manufacture 1937 date - 7.92x57mm Mauser
Karabiner 98k with Zeiss ZF41 1.5x scope and hooded front sight - 7.92x57mm Mauser
A hunter aims a Mauser rifle with sniper scope.
Another hunter aims a Mauser in the same scene.
Local soldiers with Mauser rifles guard the Parliament.
The Parliament guards try to stop attackers during the coup d'etat.
A mercenary at the left holds a Mauser rifle during the arrest of Moussombe and the speaker of Parliament.

Vz. 16/33

Vz. 16/33 Czech Mauser carbines are also seen. They can be identified by the presence of grooves on the stock that doesn't appear on 98k rifles.

Czech vz. 16/33 - 7.92x57mm Mauser
A soldier of Jacques Loup's troops stands on guard with Mauser rifle. It appears to be a Czech Vz. 16/33 rather than a 98k.
A local soldier holds a Mauser rifle.
A close view of the barrel of the same rifle.

Machine Guns

Goryunov SG-43 (visually modified)

Goryunov SG-43 machine guns, visually modified to resemble Browning M1919A4, are mounted on jeeps, BTR-152 APC and on tripod.

Goryunov SG-43 Machine Gun On 'Sokolov' mount with shield - 7.62x54mm R
Spade grips are seen at the left.
SG-43 is mounted on jeep. The barrel is fitted with fake perforated shroud to resemble M1919.
A close view of the barrel.
Guerillas fire a tripod-mounted SG-43.

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