Shchors

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Shchors
Shchors Poster.jpg
Original Poster
Country SOV.jpg USSR
Directed by Aleksandr Dovzhenko
Yuliya Solntseva
Release Date 1939
Language Russian
Ukrainian
German
Studio Kiev Film Studio
Main Cast
Character Actor
Nikolay Alexandrovitch Shchors Evgeniy Samoylov
Vasily Nazarovich Bozhenko Ivan Skuratov
Severin Chernyak Luka Lyashenko
Mikhaylyuk Aleksandr Grechanyy
Antonyuk Nikolay Makarenko
Isaak Tyshler Valentin Dukler
Petro Chizh Fyodor Ishchenko
Savka Troyan Aleksandr Khvylya


Shchors (sometimes released as Shors) is a Soviet 1939 B&W historical movie directed by Aleksandr Dovzhenko and Yuliya Solntseva and depicting the person of Nikolay Alexandrovitch Shchors (Evgeniy Samoylov), one of the prominent Red Army commanders during the Russian civil war. The story show the events ofn 1918-1919 on Ukraine when Red troops under the command of Shchors and his comrade-in-arms Vasily Bozhenko (Ivan Skuratov) fought against Ukrainian Hetmanate, supported by Imperial German army, and then against Directorate of Ukraine and Polish troops.


The following weapons were used in the film Shchors:

Contents


Revolvers

Nagant M1895

Nagant M1895 revolvers are widely used by commanders of all armies, even by Imperial German officers. The revolvers seem to have post-1930 sights.

Nagant M1895 Revolver - 7.62x38R Nagant. This example was dated 1939 manufacture and was a War time issued weapon. Note the angular front sight which was used from 1930s.
Nagants are seen during the close combat in sunflower field in the opening scene.
Petro Chizh (Fyodor Ishchenko) carries a Nagant in holster.
An Anarchist (Lavrenti Masokha) (at the right) with a Nagant and RG-14 grenade.
A Red commander at the left holds a Nagant.
An officer fires at the window when the Red troops enter Kiev.
A Red commander leads his soldiers with a revolver and a rifle in hands.

Pistols

FN Model 1900

Many German and Ukrainian officers carry FN Model 1900 pistols. Nikolay Shchors (Evgeniy Samoylov) is seen with a holster for FN Model 1900 on his belt but it looks rather empty.

FN Model 1900 - .32 ACP
A German officer in center holds his FN 1900 during the close combat in sunflower field.
An officer at the left draws his FN 1900 during the rebellion of German soldiers.
A young Russian officer draws his FN 1900 when Red troops enter the city of Kiev.
Shchors carries an FN 1900 holster but it seems to be empty.
Vurm (D. Kadnikov), a representative of High Command of Red Army and Shchors' personal foe, carries an FN 1900 in holster.
A Polish officer at the left holds an FN 1900 during the battle in medieval castle.

Ortgies Pocket Pistol

A personal handgun of Nikolay Shchors (Evgeniy Samoylov) is a hammerless pistol that seems to be Ortgies Pocket Pistol.

Ortgies Pocket Pistol - .32 ACP
Shchors' pistol is seen on the table.
Shchors-Pistol-2.jpg
Shchors draws his pistol.

Mauser C96

Vasily Bozhenko (Ivan Skuratov), his orderly and bodyguard Savka Troyan (Aleksandr Khvylya) and some other Red commanders carry Mauser C96 pistols in signature wooden holsters.

Pre-War dated Mauser C96 "Broomhandle" Commercial Version - 7.63x25mm Mauser
A German officer at the right carries a Mauser C96 in holster.
Bozhenko (at the left) and Savka Troyan carry holstered Mauser pistols.
A grip of Bozhenko's Mauser is seen. His pistol has some kind of bright onlay on grips (probably same prop is carried by a German officer in earlier scene).
Savka Troyan holds a Mauser, leading a group of wounded soldiers.

Rifles

Mosin Nagant M1891

Mosin Nagant M1891 rifles are widely used by soldiers of all armies. Usage of these rifles by German troops isn't completely incorrect as they captured numerous Mosin Nagant rifles during the decay of Russian Imperial army in 1917.

Mosin Nagant M1891 Infantry Rifle in original configuration - 7.62x54mm R
Mosin Nagant M1891 Dragoon Rifle - 7.62x54mm R
A Red soldier uses his M91 rifle in close combat in sunflower field.
Red soldiers are mostly armed with M91 rifles of Infantry and Dragoon models.
An aged soldier Prokopchenko (Stepan Shkurat) carries an M91 rifle.
A young Red soldier carries M91 rifle while saying goodbye to his mother.
Ukrainian national troops in attack. The soldiers are mostly armed with M91 rifles. The first row is dressed in Austro-Hungarian uniform, probably portraying Ukrainian Sich Riflemen that were originally organised as unit within the Austro-Hungarian Army.
Red soldiers with M91 rifles carry ammunition for machine guns.

Mosin Nagant M1891/30

Anachronistic Mosin Nagant M1891/30 rifles are also used due to the lack of original M1891s.

Mosin Nagant M1891/30 - 7.62x54mm R
A German soldier holds M91/30 rifle during the battle in a village.
A barrel of M91/30 rifle is seen at the left in the same scene.
A Red soldier in center carries an M91/30 rifle.
One of a group of rebellious soldiers, who make attempt to arrest Shchors, is armed with an M91/30 rifle.
A Red standard bearer carries an M91/30 rifle.
An officer aims an M91/30 in window when Red troops enter Kiev.

Mosin Nagant M1907 Carbine

Some Mosin Nagant M1907 Carbines are also seen.

Mosin Nagant Model 1907 Carbine - 7.62x54mm R
A Red soldier carries an M07 Carbine.
A Red soldier carries an M07 Carbine while saying goodbye to his wife.

Custom Mosin Nagant Rifle

One or two Red soldiers carry Mosin Nagant short rifles that appear to be custom shortened Mosin Nagant M1891 Dragoon rifles. The result resembles M38 Carbine that went into production only in 1939.

A Red soldier at the left carries a short rifle.

Mauser Gewehr 1898

Most German soldiers and some Haidamaks (soldiers of Ukrainian army) carry Mauser Gewehr 1898 rifles.

Mauser Gewehr 1898 - 7.92x57mm Mauser
German soldiers hold Mauser rifles during the close combat in sunflower field.
A Haidamak at the left holds a Gewehr 98 in the same scene.
A German soldier on the border between the Ukrainian Hetmanate and Soviet Russia.
Nikolay Shchors makes a review of the soldiers, armed with Mauser 98 and Mosin Nagant M1891 rifles.
Petro Chizh (Fyodor Ishchenko) carries a Mauser 98 (at the right).
Some soldiers of Ukrainian national army carry Mauser 98 rifles (seen at foreground).

Mauser Karabiner 98b

Some full-length Mauser rifles have tangent rear sights and turned down bolt handles. They appear to be Karabiner 98b rifles, a version of Gewehr 1898 introduced in 1923 to comply with the terms of the Treaty of Versailles which only allowed Germany to produce carbines.

Karabiner 98b - 7.92x57mm Mauser
A German soldier uses his Kar 98b in close combat in sunflower field.
A good view of Kar 98b.

Mauser Karabiner 98AZ

What appears to be a Karabiner 98AZ is briefly seen during the battle in the opening scene.

Mauser 98AZ Artillery Carbine - 7.92x57mm Mauser
A Karabiner 98AZ is seen at the right. Note the protector of front sight and stacking hook.

Machine Guns

Lewis Gun

Red troops widely use Lewis Guns. These are Savage Arms Company produced machine guns, identified by the Light Ground Mount three-leg support (unlike the bipod of British Lewis), probably Russian contract version in 7.62x54R caliber (9,600 such Lewis-Savage machine guns were supplied to Russia in 1917).

Lewis Gun, produced by Savage Arms Company, on Light Ground Mount support - .30-06
Nikolay Shchors (Evgeniy Samoylov) and his soldiers prepare their Lewis guns to repulse an attack of enemy troops.
A good view of Light Ground Mount support.
Shchors runs across the battlefield with a Lewis.
Shchors on position. He raises the sight of his machine gun.
Shchors returns to his headquarters from the battlefield.

Degtyaryov DP-27

An anachronistic DP-27 is briefly seen in one scene.

Degtyaryov DP-27 - 7.62x54mm R
Shchors-DP-1.jpg
A Red cavalryman carries DP-27. The flash hider is removed and probably replaced with blank firing adapter.

Maxim M1910

Maxim M1910 machine guns with smooth barrel covers are widely used by all armies.

Maxim 1910, simplified version with smooth water jacket - 7.62x54mmR
A Red commander with recently captured Maxim on snow-covered battlefield.
Shchors-Maxim-4.jpg
Vasily Bozhenko (Ivan Skuratov) uses a Maxim to threaten richmen of Kiev, gathered in city opera theatre, and making them to pay an indemnity to Red Army (in fact, loot them).
Maxims on positions of Red troops.
A young gunner prepares to open fire.
A Maxim in action.
A Maxim is seen in Bozhenko's headguarters together with rifles, swords and ammunition.

Maxim M1910/30

A Maxim M1910/30 machine gun (or possibly early M1910 with ribbed water jacket) is used by German troops, standing for Maxim MG08.

Russian Maxim 1910/30 machine gun - 7.62x54mmR
German troops use a machine gun for mass execution of Ukrainian peasants.
A gunner recoiles from his Maxim, in horror of what was done.

Other Weapons

RG-14 Hand Grenades

Many Red soldiers carry RG-14 hand grenades. Shchors (Evgeniy Samoylov) himself holds a pair of RG-14s when rebels in his regiment try to arrest him.

RG-14 Russian hand grenade
A Red soldier throws grenades in action.
Petro Chizh (Fyodor Ishchenko) carries a pair of RG-14 grenades.
An Anarchist (Lavrenti Masokha) (at the right) with a Nagant M1895 and RG-14 grenade.
In the same scene Shchors holds two grenades, making the rebels to retreat.
Savka Troyan (Aleksandr Khvylya) carries a Mauser C96 and a pair of RG-14s.
Wounded soldier has a grenade on his belt.



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