October: Ten Days That Shook the World (Oktyabr)

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October: Ten Days That Shook the World
(Oktyabr)
Oktyabr Poster.jpg
Original Theatrical Poster
Country SOV.jpg USSR
Directed by Sergei Eisenstein
Grigori Aleksandrov
Release Date 1927
Language Silent; Russian subtitles
Studio Sovkino
Main Cast
Character Actor
Vladimir Ilyich Lenin Vasili Nikandrov
Aleksandr Feodorovich Kerenski Nikolay Popov
Mikhail Ivanovich Tereshchenko Boris Livanov
Nikolai Ilyich Podvoisky (Himself)
Grigory Yevseevich Zinoviev Apfelbaum
A German soldier Eduard Tisse


October: Ten Days That Shook the World (original title Oktyabr ("October")) is a Soviet 1927 B&W silent historical drama, directed by Sergei Eisenstein and Grigori Aleksandrov. The movie recreates the events of Russian Revolution in February-October 1917, being the second feature film about the revolution after Vsevolod Pudovkin's The End of St. Petersburg (Konets Sankt-Peterburga). The film was released internationally under the title Ten Days That Shook The World, after well known book by John Reed about the Russian revolution.

Some scenes from Oktyabr were reused in later movies as documentary footage of the events of 1917.


The following weapons were used in the film October: Ten Days That Shook the World (Oktyabr):

Contents


Revolvers

Nagant M1895

Nagant M1895 revolvers are widely used by both revolutionaries and counter-revolutionaries.

Note: see additional images on talk page.

Russian Nagant 1895, produced 1920s - 7.62x38R Nagant. The rounded front sight is a sign of revolvers produced from 1890s until 1930.
Oktyabr-Nagant-2.jpg
Oktyabr-Nagant-5.jpg
Nagant revolvers in arsenal. The mark of Imperial Tula Arms Factory can be seen on some revolvers.
An officer, commanding the unit of Junkers (students of military school), fires a Nagant during the shootout in wine cellar.
Note the extended ejector rod, usually a sign of well worn Nagant.
Oktyabr-Nagant-13.jpg
A Red sailor fires a Nagant.
A Red Guard holds a Nagant.
Oktyabr-Nagant-20.jpg
Vladimir Antonov-Ovseyenko (uncredited), the commander of the storming of the Winter Palace, arrests the Provisional Government.

Smith & Wesson No.3 Russian Model

Smith & Wesson No.3 Russian Model revolvers are seen in several scenes.

Smith & Wesson No.3 Russian Model - .44 Russian
Oktyabr-SW-1.jpg
A Red Guard in center holds a Smith & Wesson Russian Model during the releasing of arrested Bolsheviks from prison.
A Smith & Wesson Russian Model is seen when the revolutionary workers get weapons.
A revolver is seen among cartridge belts in same scene.

Pistols

Mauser C96

Mauser C96 pistols are carried by some Red sailors.

Pre-War dated Mauser C96 "Broomhandle" Commercial Version - 7.63x25mm Mauser
A sailor carries a Mauser in wooden holster.
A sailor carries a Mauser in wooden holster.
Oktyabr-MauserC96-3.jpg
The same sailor during the storming of the Winter Palace.

Unidentified pistols

Some pistols are briefly seen in several scenes, and identification is very vague.

What can be an FN Model 1910 is seen in hands of a Bolshevik, just released from prison.

For comparison: FN Model 1910 - .380 ACP
Oktyabr-Pistol-1.jpg
Oktyabr-Pistol-2.jpg

A Red Guard in center carries a handgun, resembling a Roth-Steyr M1907.

For comparison: Roth-Steyr M1907 - 8mm Roth-Steyr
Oktyabr-Pistol-3.jpg
Oktyabr-Pistol-4.jpg

Rifles

Mosin Nagant M1891

Mosin Nagant M1891 rifles are widely used by revolutionary and counter-revolutionary forces. Vast majority of them are Infantry rifles but some Dragoon rifles are also seen.

Note: see additional images on talk page.

Imperial Russian Mosin Nagant M1891 Infantry Rifle in original configuration - 7.62x54mm R
Imperial Russian Mosin Nagant M1891 Dragoon Rifle - 7.62x54mm R
Revolutionary sailors detach bayonets from their rifles and attach them backwards (a practice, not allowed by service manuals) during the demonstration in July 1917.
Closeup of muzzle ends of sailors' rifles.
Red Guards receive rifles. This scene was reused in 1982 film 20-e dekabrya as a documentary footage.
Red Guards arm themselves with rifles, captured in Petrograd Arsenal.
Oktyabr-Mosin-12.jpg
M91 rifles in crates.
Revolutionary sailors on Neva embankment.
Sailors with M91 rifles. A 19th century style cannon is partially seen at the left. This scene was reused in 1974 film Rozhdyonnaya revolyutsiey: Trudnaya osen as a documentary footage.
Red Guards on a lorry.
Female soldiers of 1st Petrograd Women's Battalion defend the Winter Palace.
Female soldiers with rifles. The one at the foreground holds an M91 Dragoon.
A Red sailor fires from the top of armoured car.
A sailor with M91 rifle, Mauser C96 pistol in holster and RG-14 grenade.
Victorious Red Guards raise their rifles.

Mosin Nagant M1907 Carbine

Mosin Nagant M1907 Carbines are seen in several scenes.

Mosin Nagant Model 1907 Carbine - 7.62x54mm R
A revolutionary soldier carries M07 Carbine during the events of Kornilov affair, the counter-revolutionary activity under the command of General Lavr Kornilov in August 1917.
A sailor at the left carries M07 Carbine in Smolny.
Another sailor carries M07 Carbine.

Mauser Gewehr 1898

In the scene of Russian-German fraternization in February 1917 German Mauser Gewehr 1898 rifles are seen.

Mauser Gewehr 1898 - 7.92x57mm Mauser
Oktyabr-Mauser-1.jpg
Oktyabr-Mauser-2.jpg
Oktyabr-Mauser-3.jpg
"Bayonets in the ground!" German soldiers greet Russian revolution.

Machine Guns

Maxim M1910

Maxim M1910 machine guns are used by Red Guards and defenders of the Provisional Government. Some Maxims are mounted on Kolesnikov M1915 mount. Maxim machine guns are also main weapon of armoured cars.

Note: see additional images on talk page.

Maxim 1910, simplified version with smooth water jacket - 7.62x54mmR
A Maxim in Russian trench. Note the reel for ammunition belt, a rarely seen feature.
Provisional Government troops use a Maxim against workers demonstration in July 1917.
Oktyabr-Maxim-5.jpg
Closeups of Maxim.
A closeup allows to see event water drops from the jacket (seen at the right).
Two Maxims on embankment. The one at the left is mounted on Kolesnikov mount.
This shot of sailors with M91 rifles and Maxims was reused in 1974 film Rozhdyonnaya revolyutsiey: Trudnaya osen as a documentary footage.
Red Guards with Maxim machine guns in Smolny.
A close view of a Maxim M1910, mounted on the armoured car.
A Maxim of the defenders of the Winter Palace.
A female soldier of 1st Petrograd Women's Battalion fires a Maxim at attacking Red Guards.
Oktyabr-Maxim-27.jpg
Closeups of firing Maxim.

Maxim M1905

A Maxim M1905 (or even more early version of 1890s that didn't get official name) machine gun is used by Red Guards. It is mounted on heavy carriage with large spoked wheels and has folding shield.

A general view.
Oktyabr-Maxim-22.jpg
Views from back.
A view from the muzzle.

Hotchkiss Mk.I

Hotchkiss Mk.I machine guns are seen mounted on Mk A Whippet tank.

Hotchkiss Mk.I - .303 British
The barrel of machine gun on Whippet tank can be seen.
The barrel of machine gun on Whippet tank can be seen.

Other Weapons

RG-14 Hand Grenade

Red Guards, especially sailors, use RG-14 hand grenades.

RG-14 Russian hand grenade
A Red sailor carries a grenade in his pocket during the releasing of arrested Bolsheviks from prison.
A grenade is seen when Red Guards get weapons.
A Red Guard carries a grenade.
Another Red Guard carries a grenade.
A sailor carries a grenade.
Oktyabr-Grenade-7.jpg
A sailor readies a grenade.
A sailor throws a grenade during the storming of the Winter Palace.
A sailor with M91 rifle, Mauser C96 pistol and RG-14 grenade.

Trivia

Artillery

76.2mm M1902 field guns are seen in several scenes.

76.2mm M1902 Field Gun
Oktyabr-Artillery-5.jpg
3-inch guns of Red Guards are moved on road in days of Kornilov affair.
A 3-inch gun at the entrance of Smolny.
The breech of 3-inch gun.
A 3-inch gun of Cossack artillery on defence of the Winter Palace.
A close view of the muzzle.

A 37mm 5-barrel Hotchkiss Revolving Cannon on naval mounting is seen at the entrance of Smolny. Such cannons were widely used by Russian Navy.

A close view.
A general view.
Another view.

A battery of 42-line (106.7 mm) fortress and siege guns M1877 is deployed in Peter and Paul Fortress in Petrograd. Same scene is seen in Konets Sankt-Peterburga (also 1927), except the image in that movie is inverted.

42-line M1877 fortress and siege gun
42-line cannons on position.
Artillerymen at the guns. They all carry M91 rifles.
42-line cannon fires.

A heavy artillery piece (possibly of 6 inch caliber) is seen on Petrograd gun factory.

Oktyabr-Artillery-2.jpg
Oktyabr-Artillery-3.jpg

A 58mm FR ("French-Russian", a Russian version of French Dumézil Mortier de 58 mm) trench mortar is seen on Russian positions.

Oktyabr-Artillery-1.jpg

A field cannon is used by Junkers in Winter Palace. It appears to be a 8 cm (real caliber 78.5 mm) Krupp M1874, such guns were used by Ottomans in Russo-Turkish War of 1877–1878 and captured in large numbers at Pleven.

Oktyabr-Artillery-20.jpg

A 19th century style cannon is seen on Neva embankment.

A 19th century style cannon is partially seen at the left. This scene was reused in 1974 film Rozhdyonnaya revolyutsiey: Trudnaya osen as a documentary footage.

Ancient cannons and mortars are exhibited near the building of the Petrograd Arsenal.

Cannons of late 16th - early 17th century.
A closer view of one of these cannons.
A large caliber siege mortar is seen at the right.
The same mortar is seen at the background.

Armour

Numerous Austin Armoured Cars are seen throughout the movie, mostly used by Red Guards.

Lenin makes a speech, standing on Austin armored car.
Austins of Gen. Kornilov's troops on march. These are 2nd series Austins, with parallel placed turrets.
2nd series Austins follow a Mk A Whippet tank.
An Austin of Red Guard.
A Austin of Red Guards near the Winter Palace.
A close view of a Maxim M1910, mounted on the armoured car.
An Austin is used to transport Red Guards under enemy fire.

Renault-Mgebrov armoured cars are also seen.

Renault-Mgebrov armoured cars of Gen. Kornilov's troops on march. This scene was reused in 1974 film Moya sudba and in 1982 20-e dekabrya as a documentary footage.

British Mk V tanks appear as a part of Gen. Kornilov's troops. In reality no Mk V tank appeared in Russia until 1919 when they were supplied from UK to Russian White Army.

Mk V tank on march.
A close view of 6-pounder (57mm) gun.
Mk Vs on march. This scene was reused in 1974 film Moya sudba as a documentary footage.

A Mk A Whippet tank is seen in same scene. Like Mk V, Mk A appeared in Russia only in 1919.

Renault FT and Whippet tanks.
Oktyabr-Armour-9.jpg
Whippet tank leads a column of Austin armoured cars. This scene was reused in 1974 film Moya sudba as a documentary footage.

A Renault FT tank are seen in same scene. They also appeared in Russia only in 1919, and screen tank is probably domestic produced clone of French tank, known as "Russian Renault" ("Russkiy Reno").

Renault tank. Its gun is not a standard French Puteaux SA 18 gun but 37mm Hotchkiss naval gun that was used on some Russian Renaults.

Warships

Cruiser Avrora, a famous participant of Russian Revolution, is seen in several scenes. The outlook of the ship is slightly different from the one in October 1917, as in 1920s Avrora passed repair and modernization, including rearming from 152mm/L45 main guns to modern 130mm/L55.

Avrora in Petrograd.
Main guns.
Oktyabr-Avrora-5.jpg
Avrora fires, signalling to the storming of the Winter Palace.



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