Massacre in Rome

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Massacre in Rome
Massacre in Rome Poster.jpg
Original Theatrical Poster
Country ITA.jpg Italy
FRA.jpg France
Directed by George P. Cosmatos
Release Date 1973
Language Italian
English
Studio Surf Film
Compagnia Cinematografica Champion
Fiduciary
Main Cast
Character Actor
SS-Obersturmbannführer Herbert Kappler Richard Burton
Father Pietro Antonelli Marcello Mastroianni
General Kurt Mälzer Leo McKern
SS-Standartenführer Eugen Dollmann John Steiner
SS-Sturmbannführer Domizlaf Anthony Steel
Field Marshal Albert Kesselring Peter Vaughan
Questore (Chief of Police) Pietro Caruso Renzo Montagnani
Elena Delia Boccardo
Paolo Giancarlo Prete
Giorgio Renzo Palmer


Massacre in Rome (original Italian title Rappresaglia) is a French-Italian 1973 war drama directed by George P. Cosmatos. The movie depicts the events of the Ardeatine massacre in Rome in March 24, 1944, when more than three hundred Italian civilians were executed by Nazi German occupation troops as a reprisal for a partisan attack against the SS Police Regiment "Bozen". The film stars Richard Burton as the head of Rome Gestapo Herbert Kappler and Marcello Mastroianni as Italian priest Father Pietro Antonelli.


The following weapons were used in the film Massacre in Rome:

Contents


Pistols

Custom Mauser C96 20-round

One of the Mauser C96 pistols, used by SS soldiers and officers during the mass execution of Italian victims in Ardeatine Caves, is a custom pistol with 20-round fixed magazine and "Red 9" grips (Mauser C96 "Red 9" never existed with 20-round magazine). The magazine itself has traces of machining process in bottom part.

Mauser C96 (early model) with 20-round fixed magazine
SS-Obersturmbannführer Herbert Kappler (Richard Burton) holds a Mauser with 20-round magazine when he instructs his subordinates.
Massacre in Rome-MauserC96-2.jpg
Slightly blurry, due to fast motion, closeups of the pistol in Kappler's hand. "9" is seen on the grip.
Same pistol is seen from another side.
SS-Sturmbannführer Domizlaf (Anthony Steel) uses this Mauser.
An SS officer uses same Mauser.
Massacre in Rome-MauserC96-7.jpg
A soldier reloads a Mauser with 20-round magazine.
Mausers, prepared for a next execution.
The execution. A soldier at the foreground holds the Mauser with 20-round magazine.
Domizlaf holds a Mauser with 20-shot magazine.
Domizlaf aims the pistol at a young SS officer who tries to avoid the role of executioner.

Mauser C96

Mauser C96 pistols are used by SS soldiers and officers during the mass execution of Italian victims in Ardeatine Caves. Most pistols lack the hole in safety lever knob so they appear to be a "Wartime Commercial" model.

Pre-War dated Mauser C96 "Broomhandle" Commercial Version - 7.63x25mm Mauser
A Mauser is seen in hands of an SS soldier in center.
A closeup of a Mauser.
Mausers, prepared for a next execution.
The execution. A soldier at the foreground holds the Mauser with 20-round magazine, second and fourth hold standard C96s.

Mauser C96 M1920 "Rework" Model

One of the Mauser C96 pistols is a short-barreled M1920 "Rework" Model, converted from "Red 9".

Mauser C96 "Red 9" M1920 "Rework" Model
An SS soldier executes an Italian with a short-barreled Mauser. Note the lack of rear tangent sight.
Mausers, prepared for a next execution. Short-barreled Mauser is seen in center.
The execution. A third from front holds a short-barreled Mauser.
SS-Obersturmbannführer Herbert Kappler (Richard Burton) executes Father Pietro Antonelli.

Beretta M1934

Italian partisans, including Paolo (Giancarlo Prete) and Elena (Delia Boccardo), use Beretta M1934 pistols.

Beretta Model 1934 - .380 ACP
Massacre in Rome-Beretta34-1.jpg
Paolo cleans and assembles two Beretta M1934 pistols. The buttstock of Beretta Model 38A and a hand grenade are seen on the table at the right.
Paolo holds a Beretta M34.
Massacre in Rome-Beretta34-5.jpg
A partisan takes his pistol from cache.
Another partisan takes his pistol from cache in water closet.
Elena holds a Beretta M34.
A closeup of Elena's pistol.
Father Pietro Antonelli (Marcello Mastroianni) takes the pistol from Elena.
Interior Minister Guido Buffarini Guidi (Guidarino Guidi) has a pistol within reach even when in bed.

Beretta Model 70

An out of time Beretta Model 70 is briefly seen in hands of a partisan.

Beretta Model 70 - .32 ACP
Massacre in Rome-Beretta-1.jpg
A partisan readies his pistol. Note the typical trigger guard of Model 70.

Walther P38

A Walther P38 is seen in hands of SS-Sturmbannführer Hellmuth Dobbrick (uncredited), the officer in charge of the attacked unit. Some other officers carry holsters for P38 but they appear to be flat and empty.

Walther P38 - 9x19mm
Dobbrick holds his P38 after the explosion.
SS-Standartenführer Eugen Dollmann (John Steiner) carries a P38 holster.
SS-Obersturmbannführer Herbert Kappler (Richard Burton) carries a P38 holster.

Submachine Guns

MP40

Many German soldiers and some Italian partisans are armed with MP40 submachine guns. Some MP40s are fitted with brown Bakelite furniture that is typical for post-1943 manufactured guns (such weapons are often seen in 1970s Italian movies).

MP40 - 9x19mm
A closeup of MP40 of a German soldier, escorting arrested Italian aged woman.
A partisan with MP40.
Kappler stops a soldier from random firing.
Massacre in Rome-MP40-5.jpg
German soldiers with MP40s escort a group of arrested Italians.
Military Commander of Rome General Kurt Mälzer (Leo McKern) takes an MP40 from a soldier in intention to shoot personally some Italians but Kappler calms him.
German soldiers with MP40s.
A closeup of MP40. Note the brown Bakelite furniture.
Massacre in Rome-MP40-11.jpg
Soldiers escort Italian hostages to the place of execution in Ardeatine caves.

MP41

A pair of German sentries, seen during the opening credites, carry MP41 SMGs.

MP41 - 9x19mm
German soldiers with MP41s on a Roman street.
Massacre in Rome-MP-2.jpg
Another view of the submachine guns.

Beretta Model 38A

Partisans use a Beretta Model 38A SMG.

Beretta Model 38A - 9x19mm
Massacre in Rome-Beretta38A-1.jpg
Elena loads a magazine for Beretta 38A.
Massacre in Rome-Beretta38A-4.jpg
A partisan cleans and assembles a Beretta 38A.
Perforated barrel shroud of Model 38A is seen at background right.
A partisan (Orazio Stracuzzi) loads the Beretta 38A.
Same partisan with his Beretta SMG.
Partisans fire a Beretta 38A and an MP40 at German soldiers.

Beretta Model 38/44

What appears to be a Beretta Model 38/44 is briefly seen in hands of a German soldier.

Beretta Model 38/44 - 9x19mm
The SMG in hands of a soldier at the left resembles Beretta 38/44.

Rifles

Karabiner 98k

German troops use Karabiner 98k rifles, both standard and Kriegsmodell versions.

Karabiner 98k - 7.92x57mm Mauser
Karabiner 98k "Kriegsmodell" - 7.92x57mm Mauser
Soldiers march during the opening credites. They carry Kar 98 Kriegsmodell rifles.
A soldier holds a Kar 98k at the left.
Massacre in Rome-Karabiner98k-4.jpg
Soldiers march with 98k rifles.
Massacre in Rome-Karabiner98k-6.jpg
Massacre in Rome-Karabiner98k-8.jpg
Alive and dead soldiers with 98k rifle after the explosion.

Machine Guns

MG42

An MG42 is seen mounted on a Kubelwagen car.

MG42 - 7.92x57mm Mauser
A Kubelwagen with MG42 follows the foot soldiers.
Massacre in Rome-MG42-2.jpg
A Kubelwagen under the attack of partisans.

Browning M2HB

A Browning M2HB, standing for a German 20mm Flak, is seen next to the headquarters of Field Marshal Kesselring.

Browning M2HB on vehicle mount - .50 BMG
Massacre in Rome-MG-1.jpg
An M2HB machine gun is seen at the right.

Other Weapons

SRCM Mod. 35

SRCM Mod. 35 hand grenades are used by Italian partisans. The combination of vivid red body and unpainted aluminum details match S.R.C.M. version of Modello 35 grenade series (OTO and Breda versions have black cap and lever).

SRCM Mod. 35 High-Explosive hand grenade.
A number of hand grenades is seen at the background when a partisan assemble the explosive device.
Massacre in Rome-Grenade-2.jpg
Grenades are seen at the background.
Massacre in Rome-Grenade-4.jpg
A partisan holds a grenade while preparing for the attack.

Trivia

An Italian propaganda poster on the street shows an Italian soldier with a Mod. 35 grenade in hand and a Beretta 38A SMG on sling and a German soldier with MP40.



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