Horizon (Gorizont)

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Horizon (Gorizont)
Gorizont 1932.jpg
Poster
Country SOV.jpg USSR
Directed by Lev Kuleshov
Release Date 1932
Language Russian
Studio Mezhrabpomfilm
Main Cast
Character Actor
Lev Gorizont Nikolay Batalov
Rosy Yelena Kuzmina
Isaak Gorizont Mikhail Doronin
Watchmaker Dmitriy Kara-Dmitriev
Smith Mikhail Doller
Clark Dmitriy Zolts
Dan Porfiri Podobed
Monya Andrei Gorchilin


Horizon (original title Gorizont which is both the word and the name of main character) is a Soviet 1932 B&W drama directed by Lev Kuleshov. Jewish lad Lev Gorizont emigrates from Russian Empire to United States in search of better life. But in America he also faces unemployment, poverty and injustice. Gorizont is involved in class struggle but when most of his comrades are arrested by police, he has the only chance to escape: to become a soldier of US Army. After some time in the trenches on the Western Front in 1918, his unit is sent to Russia as a part of North Russia Expeditionary Force. Here Lev Gorizont, watching the atrocities of Whites troops and of the worst part of American soldiers, leads a rebellion. With a group of like-minded soldiers, Gorizont joins Reds. After the Russian Civil war is over, he finds "the promised land" in Soviet Russia.


The following weapons were used in the film Horizon (Gorizont):

Contents


Revolvers

Nagant M1895

A Russian Gorodovoy (policeman) carries a Nagant M1895 in holster.

Russian Nagant 1895, produced 1920s. The rounded front sight is a sign of revolvers produced from 1890s until 1930 - 7.62x38R Nagant
A small part of the grip of holsterd revolver can be seen.

Pistols

Colt M1911

During the rebellion of American soldiers in North Russia, an officer (Andrey Fayt) draws a Colt M1911 but is disarmed. Lev Gorizont (Nikolay Batalov) takes his pistol.

Original Colt M1911 (dated 1913) - .45 ACP
The officer raises his pistol.
A perfect view of the pistol.
Gorizont-M1911-3.jpg
Gorisont holds the pistol when he fights a soldier who obeys the officer.

Rifles

Mosin Nagant M1891

When Lev Gorizont (Nikolay Batalov) serves in Russian Army, he and other soldiers carry Mosin Nagant M1891 rifles. The rifles appear to be Dragoon model which is incorrect as the soldiers are in infantry uniform. M91 rifles are also seen in the scene in the camp of Red partisans during the events of Russian Civil war.

Imperial Russian Mosin Nagant M1891 Dragoon - 7.62x54mm R
Gorizont-Mosin-1.jpg
Soldiers with rifles stand in formation.
Gorizont-Mosin-3.jpg
Lev Gorizont and another soldier stand under the command "Shoulder Arms" for whole night as a punishment for disobeying Feldfebel(senior NCO).
A number of rifles is seen in a house where Red partisans rest. These guns seem to be M1891s of various models.
Gorizont-Mosin-5.jpg
A Red partisan (Nikolay Kryuchkov) at the right holds a Mosin Nagant rifle (this gun can be a Mosin Nagant M1907 Carbine but it's less likely).

Winchester Model 1895

In the scenes on the Western Front in 1918 and in North Russia in 1919, American soldiers are armed with Winchester Model 1895 rifles. In reality these rifles weren't issused to US Army but they were used in the movie due to distinctive "foreign" appearance.

A Russian contract Model 1895 in 7.62x54 Russian. Note the loading bridge over the receiver
A Winchester 1895 is seen behind an American soldier (Pyotr Galadzhev).
Several Winchesters are seen at the background.
American soldiers in North Russia carry Winchesters.
A rebelling soldier grapples for a rifle with a soldier who obeys the officer. Note the loading bridge over the receiver, a sign of Russian contract rifle.
The barrel of the Winchester is seen in same scene.
Rebelling soldiers with Winchesters ride on an armoured car.

Enfield P14/M1917

When Gorizont and his comrades appear in the camp of Red partisans, several men carry M1917 Enfield rifles (or maybe British Enfield P14).

M1917 Enfield - .30-06 Springfield
Gorizont-Enfield1917-1.jpg
Gorizont-Enfield1917-2.jpg
Gorizont-Enfield1917-3.jpg
Soldiers with Enfield rifles join Reds.

Machine Guns

Vickers Mk1

White Army officers use a pair of Vickers Mk1 machine guns when they massacre peasant who are trying to escape from the village.

Vickers gun with ribbed water jacket - .303 British
A White officer fires a Vickers machine gun.
A Vickers fires from the window.
Gorizont-Vickers-3.jpg
Another view of the officer, firing a Vickers.
Two more officers, dressed in American overcoats and hats, fire a second Vickers.
A Vickers stands after the gunners are killed by the fire of the armoured car of rebellious soldiers.

Maxim M1910

Two Maxim M1910 machine guns are mounted on Austin armoured car that stands for an American vehicle.

Maxim M1910 with 'Sokolov' wheel mount, w/o shield - 7.62x54mmR
A Maxim in turret of the armoured car.
Gorizont-Maxim-2.jpg
Gorizont-Maxim-3.jpg
A Maxim fires at Whites.
What appears to be a Maxim is seen (at the left) in a house where Red partisans rest.

Trivia

Airplane

A German Etrich Taube airplane is seen in the scene on the Western Front (possibly a documentary footage). In reality in 1918 Taube were removed from frontline service and remained only as training planes.

Armoured Car

An Austin armoured car, standing from an American vehicle.
A Maxim in turret of the armoured car.



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