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Exodus (Iskhod)

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Exodus (Iskhod)
Iskhod Poster.jpg
Original Poster
Country SOV.jpg USSR
MON(1945-1992).jpg Mongolia
Directed by Anatoliy Bobrovskiy
Dshamjangijn Buntar
Release Date 1968
Language Russian
Studio Mosfilm
Main Cast
Character Actor
Prokhorov alias Col. Somov Vladimir Zamanskiy
Baron Roman von Ungern-Sternberg Aleksandr Lemberg
Varya Fyodorova Natalya Fateeva
Dr. Baurikh Vladimir Muravyov
Khatanbaatar Magsarjav Navaany Dugarsanjaa
Prince Tseven Dambyn Damdinsuren
Munko Laykhansurengijn Lkhasuren
Bogd Gegeen Ezen Khaan Bajazhikhyn Purev

Exodus (Russian title Iskhod, Mongolian title Төгсгөл) is a 1968 (filmed 1967) Soviet-Mongolian adventure movie directed by Anatoliy Bobrovskiy and Dshamjangijn Buntar and adapted from a story by Yulian Semyonov. The plot is set during the Mongolian Revolution of 1921. Red Mongols under the command of Sukhbaatar and Red Army clash with the troops of Baron Roman von Ungern-Sternberg, a White Army General turned de facto ruler of Mongolia. Soviet intelligence agent Prokhorov (Vladimir Zamanskiy) acting under the personality of White Colonel, infiltrates Ungern's headquarters.

Note: while the film was never released under an official English title, the reliable source for Exodus title is Yulian Semyonov Cultural Foundation archive. The title Outcome, used in English Wikipedia, seems to be a result of direct translation.

The following weapons were used in the film Exodus (Iskhod):


Nagant M1895

When Prokhorov alias Col. Andrey Lukich Somov (Vladimir Zamanskiy) is revealed as Soviet agent, he grabs a Nagant M1895 from Gen. Baron Ungern (Aleksandr Lemberg).

Nagant M1895 - 7.62x38R Nagant. Note the angular front sight which was used from 1930s.
Ungern holds a Nagant.
Prokhorov-Somov disarms Ungern under the threat of his Beretta M1934 (see below).
Prokhorov holds a Nagant.
Prokhorov is attacked by a White officer who also is armed with a Nagant.


Mauser C96

Mauser C96 pistols are widely used in the movie, notably by Munko (Laykhansurengijn Lkhasuren), a shepherd turned warrior, the Mongol warlord Khatanbaatar Magsarjav (Navaany Dugarsanjaa), and Sotnik (a Lieutenant level rank in Cossack troops) Sipaylov (Dmitriy Masanov), the head of counterintellegence service of Ungern's army. Many Chinese officers also are armed with Mausers which was in reality a very popular handgun in early 20th century China.

Pre-War dated Mauser C96 "Broomhandle" Commercial Version - 7.63x25mm Mauser
During the occupation of Mongolia by Chinese troops in 1919-1921, a Chinese officer, guarding arrested Bogd Gegeen VIII, the nominal ruler of Mongolia, holds a Mauser C96.
Munko fires at Chinese soldiers.
A Chinese officer aims at Munko.
A Mauser is seen in holster of a Chinese officer, escorting Munko to prison. The grip of the pistol seems to be bare metal.
One of Prince Tseven's men interrogates a Red Mongol.
Sipaylov carries a Mauser in holster during the arrest of Prokhorov.
Munko fires at White Cossacks during the liberation of Prokhorov.
Khatanbaatar Magsarjav holds a Mauser when he orders his troops to join Sukhbaatar.

Beretta M1934

Anachronistic Beretta M1934 is a sidearm of Prokhorov-Somov (Vladimir Zamanskiy).

Beretta M1934 - .380 ACP
"Colonel Somov" hands his pistol to Sotnik Sipaylov before he is allowed to meet Ungern.
The Beretta is seen in Prokhorov's hand.
Prokhorov disarms Ungern.
Prokhorov dual-wields Beretta and Nagant.


Mosin Nagant M1891/30

Mosin Nagant Rifles are used by Reds, Whites and Mongols. Some if not all are M1891/30 model.

Mosin Nagant M1891/30 - 7.62x54mm R
Prokhorov-Somov (Vladimir Zamanskiy) carries a rifle when he meets Munko.
Red border guards with Mosin Nagant rifles.
Another view of the rifles in hands of the Red border guards (Ivan Kosykh at the right).
A White soldier at the left holds a rifle.
A Mongol carries a rifle during the liberation of Prokhorov.
A rifle in hands of a Mongol at the left is definitly M91/30.
Khatanbaatar's cavalrymen are mostly armed with M91/30 rifles.

Mosin Nagant M1938 Carbine

Some White Cossacks carry anachronistic Mosin Nagant M1938 Carbines.

Mosin Nagant M1938 Carbine - 7.62x54mm R
A Cossack holds an M38 Carbine.

Mauser Gewehr 1898

Most Chinese soldiers and some Mongols and Cossacks are armed with Mauser Gewehr 1898 rifles. The rifles are fitted with relatively short bayonets, probably of Karabiner 98k. Some if not all rifles are of post-WW1 modification with tangent-leaf rear sight.

Mauser Gewehr 1898 - 7.92x57mm Mauser. Screen guns have tangent-leaf sight, not a Lange-Visier.
White Cossack Zakharov (Daniil Netrebin), the driver of Prokhorov-Somov's car, holds a Gewehr 98.
A Chinese soldier on guard at Bogd Gegeen's palace holds a Mauser 98 with bayonet.
Another view of the soldier's rifle.
A Chinese soldier aims his rifle at Munko.
Chinese soldiers, escorting Munko to prison, hold Mauser rifles with bayonets.
One of Munko's companions fires a Mauser 98 during the liberating of Prokhorov. The rifle has a common tangent-leaf sight, not a Lange-Visier so it's a post-WWI modification.

Enfield Pattern 14

Several of Prince Tseven's men are armed with Enfield Pattern 14.

For comparison: Pattern M1914 (P 14) Enfield - .303 UK
An Enfield P14 rifle is seen.

Various long guns

A number of long guns is seen in a gun rack in the scene in Sukhbaatar's headquarters.

Half a dozen long guns are seen in the gun rack at the background. At least one Mauser Gewehr 1898-style rifle presents.

Machine Guns

Degtyaryov DP-27 (visually modified to resemble Lewis)

During the battle for Urga, Chinese soldiers fire a Degtyaryov DP-27 machine gun, visually modified to resemble Lewis.

Degtyaryov DP-27 - 7.62x54mm R
Lewis Gun - .303 British
The fake Lewis fires.
Chinese soldiers fire at Ungern's Cossacks.

Other Weapons

F-1 Hand Grenade

During the battle for Urga, Prokhorov-Somov (Vladimir Zamanskiy) destroys the Chinese machine gun with an F-1 hand grenade.

F-1 High-Explosive Fragmentation hand grenade


76.2 mm divisional gun model 1902

The 76.2 mm divisional gun model 1902 and 76.2 mm divisional gun model 1902/30 field guns are used by Ungern's troops.

76.2mm M1902 Field Gun
An M1902 gun on march.
An M1902 gun in the field camp.

76.2 mm divisional gun model 1902/30

76.2mm M1902/30 L40 Divisional Gun. A drawing from original service manual.
An M1902/30 gun on march.
An M1902/30 gun in the field camp.
A abandoned M1902/30 gun is seen on the battlefield.

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