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From Internet Movie Firearms Database - Guns in Movies, TV and Video Games
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Type 91 MANPADS - 80mm
Type 91 MANPADS launcher on static display - 80mm
Type 91 Anti-Aircraft Missile Launcher mounted on Kawasaki OH-1 - 80mm

The Type 91 MANPADS is a Japanese man-portable surface-to-air missile system developed in the 80s due to Japanese dissatisfaction with early FIM-92 Stinger variants. The project began in 1982 using a seeker design which had been in development since 1979: for perspective, this was when the Stinger was still the initial, easily spoofed IR-only FIM-92A model.

While it is sometimes dismissed as a straight copy of Stinger and it is certainly heavily based on it, the Type 91 is in several ways a more advanced system, in particular in that it uses imaging infrared instead of contrast infrared: like all Stingers starting with the FIM-92B, it combines this with a UV seeker to defeat countermeasures.

It is also slightly lighter, despite using a higher-caliber missile, though the tradeoff is that the Type 91's missile is slightly slower.


(Original - Developed 1982-1990, adopted 1991, first use 1994: Kai Upgrade - 2007-Present)

  • Type: MANPADS
  • Caliber: 80mm
  • Capacity: 1 Missile
  • Fire Modes: Single shot, Imaging Infrared/Ultraviolet Homing

The Type 91 MANPADS and variants can be seen in the following films, television series, video games, and anime used by the following actors:


Film Title Character Note Date
Fate/Zero Kiritsugu Episode "Where Justice is Found" 2011-2012
Coppelion Ibara Naruse Kai Variant, first used in "Hope", referred to as the "Hand Arrow" 2013
Grisaia no Kajitsu Travis Episode 13 2014

How to tell the FIM-92 Stinger from the Type 91 MANPADS

The Type 91 MANPADS is visually very similar to the FIM-92 Stinger.

FIM-92 Stinger with IFF interrogator - 70mm. Note that the IFF antenna has one row of full-height holes instead of two rows of half-height holes, there is no rectangular device mounted diagonally on the side of the launcher directly below the sight, and it has a longer and flatter muzzle, rather than the short broad muzzle that looks almost the same as the tailcone of the Type 91.

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