True Grit (1969)

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True Grit (1969)
True-GritDVDcover.jpg
Movie poster
Country USA.jpg United States
Directed by Henry Hathaway
Release Date 1969
Language English
Studio Paramount Pictures
Hal Wallis Productions
Distributor Paramount Pictures
Main Cast
Character Actor
Rooster Cogburn John Wayne
La Boeuf Glen Campbell
Mattie Ross Kim Darby
Emmett Quincy Jeremy Slate
Ned Pepper Robert Duvall
Moon Dennis Hopper
Tom Chaney Jeff Corey
Goudy Alfred Ryder
Col. G. Stonehill Strother Martin
Sheriff John Doucette


True Grit is the classic 1969 Western that starred John Wayne as Deputy U.S. Marshal "Rooster" Cogburn, who is hired by a young girl to hunt down the man who murdered her father. Wayne returned to the role in the 1975 sequel, Rooster Cogburn, which co-starred Katharine Hepburn. The film was based on the Charles Portis novel of the same name, which was adapted again as a feature film in 2010, with Jeff Bridges in the role of Cogburn.

The following firearms were used in the film True Grit:

Contents


Single Action Army

Deputy U.S. Marshal Reuben J. "Rooster" Cogburn (John Wayne) keeps a Colt Single Action Army or "Peacemaker" with a 4 3/4" barrel, known as the "Civilian" or "Quick Draw" model, and fitted with mellow aged ivory-style grips as his sidearm of choice throughout the film. "Lucky" Ned Pepper (Robert Duvall) also keeps a Quick Draw Peacemaker which he uses when facing Rooster during the film's climax. While watching Rooster load his Peacemaker, Mattie Ross (Kim Darby) asks him why he keeps one chamber empty, to which he replies, "So I won't shoot my foot off." Carrying a single-action revolver with the hammer resting on an empty chamber is in fact a good safety method, because if the hammer were resting on a loaded chamber and something strikes the hammer, the gun could discharge and possibly cause some kind of injury. Rooster wields his Peacemaker with his Winchester Model 1892 rifle in akimbo at the climax of the film. At one point in the film, Rooster tells Mattie about how when he was in the Civil War, he did the same dual wielding guns method while on horseback. He claims he fired two "Navy sixes" with the reins in his teeth. The two "Navy sixes" he mentioned using were either a pair of Colt Model 1851 Navy Revolvers - .36 caliber (or one of it's many Southern copies, such as the Griswold & Gunnison Revolver since Rooster fought for the Confederates), a pair of Colt Model 1861 Navy Revolvers - .36 caliber, or one of each. It is possible they were a pair of .36 caliber "Navy" versions of the Remington Model 1858 New Army or a pair of .36 caliber Navy versions of the Starr Model 1858 Double-Action Revolvers, but this is unlikely as the Starr revolver was unpopular and the Colt Navy and Army revolvers and the Army version of the Remington 1858 were more commonly used than the .36 caliber variants of the Remington Model 1858 in the Civil War. John Wayne actually used three identical Colt Single Action Army revolvers in this film. Two of them were rented to him by the company called Stembridge. They were genuine Colt Single Action Army revolvers and one of them was either chambered for .44-40 Winchester Center Fire or .45 Long Colt, while the second one was definitly chambered for .45 Long Colt. The third one was Waynes own personal gun. Although he owned many Colt Single Action Army revolvers, this gun, serial number 309795, was the only one of his personal Colt Single Action Army revolvers he used in his films. This gun did most of the shooting in his films. Even though it was always billed as a .45 Colt, it was chambered for .44-40 WCF in reality. The interesting part is, this gun (serial no. 309795) didn't leave the factory as a regular Colt Single Action Army. It was originally a Colt Single Action Army "Bisley Model" with a 5.5 inch "Artillery" barrel, and was chambered in .45 Long Colt. It was later rebuilt to resemble an average Colt Single Action Army with a "Civilian"/"Quickdraw" Model barrel and was converted to fire .44-40 WCF cartridges. All three of these guns were fitted with ivory-style grips (manufactured by Maurice D. Scarlac out of a material he developed called Catalin). Wayne like them so much that he took these grips home and personally "tea-stained" them to give them that desirable "mellow aged ivory" look. Two sets of these grips were made for Wayne (the second set being a spair just in case if the first set broke). These grips all had three finger grooves in the left-hand side of the grips for Wayne middle, ring, and "little" fingers of Wayne's right hand for as they wrapped around the revolvers grip frame. The grooves can be clearly seen in the climactic gunfight between Rooster and "Lucky" Ned Pepper and his gang when Rooster has the gun tucked in his waist band. For more information about John Wayne's SAA revolvers, go to the following link: [1]

John Wayne's trademark Colt Single Action Army revolver chambered for .44-40 Winchester, serial number 309795, in John Wayne's trademark "half-breed" gun belt.
Colt Single Action Army 4 3/4" barrel "Quick Draw" model - .45 Long Colt.
"Mr. Rat, I have a writ here says you're to stop eating Chin Lee's cornmeal forthwith. Now it's a rat writ, writ for a rat, and this is lawful service of the same. See, doesn't pay any attention to me."
BANG!
Rooster Cogburn fires his SAA in the air.
Lucky Ned Pepper with his SAA during the showdown with Rooster.
Rooster fires his SAA and Winchester '92 akimbo style, with the reins in his teeth when facing Ned Pepper and the Parmalee brothers.
Ned Pepper shoots Rooster's horse Bo with his SAA.
Pepper prepares to shoot Rooster with his SAA.
Rooster shoots a Diamondback Rattlesnake in the snake pit with his SAA as he climbs down to save Mattie.

Winchester 1892 "Saddle Ring Carbine"

Rooster Cogburn (John Wayne) keeps a Winchester 1892 "Saddle Ring Carbine" with a large lever loop chambered in .44-40 as his rifle of choice throughout the film and is most notably seen using it during the film's climax when he fires it akimbo style along with his Single Action Army, twirling the rifle with the large lever loop to cock it with one hand. (This action most likely inspired the same technique used by Arnold Schwarzenegger with the Winchester Model 1887 shotgun in T2). Wayne and stuntman Yakima Canutt created the so-called Hollywood lever for the movie Stagecoach. It was a technique refined by Chuck Connors in TV's Rifleman and Connors was clearly the master of spin-cocking a model 1892(easy for Connors who was 6' 5" tall).

The Winchester 1892 Saddle Ring Carbine with large lever loop used by John Wayne in the film True Grit. Serial #501892. Pictured with .44-40 shells. (Source: Photocopied from book "The Peacemakers: Arms and Adventure in the American West" written by R.L. Wilson.)
Rooster unloads prisoners from the Indian territory with his Winchester '92 carbine under his arm. Note large lever loop.
Rooster takes aim with his Winchester '92 carbine at Moon (Dennis Hopper) and his partner Quincy in their house.
Rooster points his '92 carbine at Moon.
C
Rooster fires his '92 carbine at Ned Pepper and his gang.
Rooster flip cocks the '92 carbine with one hand during the climax.
"Fill your hand you son of a bitch!" Note that the grooves in the grips of Wayne's revolver, which is tucked in his waist band, can be clearly seen.
Rooster fires his '92 carbine akimbo style with his Single Action Army, with the reins in his teeth when facing Ned Pepper and the Parmalee brothers.
Rooster's '92 carbine becomes out of reach when Pepper shoots his horse Bo, who traps his leg under his dead body.

Colt Walker 1847

Mattie Ross (Kim Darby) inherits her father's civil war handgun when he dies, which is a Colt Walker 1847. Mattie uses it when she encounters Tom Chaney (Jeff Corey) and is knocked down by the recoil of the gun (which is a bit unrealistic) and manages to shoot him in the gut with it. He then manages to charge her and take the gun due to several misfires (which were Rooster's fault, as he had loaded it incorrectly while drunk, and also overloaded the chambers with powder which caused the tremendous recoil). The gun manages to fire once more in the hands of Mattie and grazes Chaney's head though the recoil knocks her into a snake pit. When Mattie first shows the gun to Rooster, he calls it a Colt's Dragoon but it is clearly too large and lacks a loading lever latch that the Dragoon models had. Also the Walker has no percussion nipples showing that it is firing cartridges.

Colt Walker 1847 percussion model - .44 caliber.
The Sheriff (John Doucette) gives Mattie her father's Colt Walker revolver.
"Why, by God, girl, that's a Colt's Dragoon! You're no bigger than a corn nubbin, what're you doing with all this pistol?" note no percussion nipples showing that its made to fire cartridges
"It belonged to my father, he carried it bravely in the war, and I intend to kill Tom Chaney with it if the law fails to do so." "Well, this'll sure get the job done if you can find a fence post to rest it on while you take aim."
Mattie aims her Colt Walker at Tom Chaney before shooting him in the gut.
Mattie shoots Chaney a second time with her Walker Colt and falls backwards into a snake pit.
Chaney looks down at Mattie in the snake pit with her Walker Colt in hand before being killed by Rooster's SAA.
Mattie gives Rooster her Walker Colt at the end of the film.

Sharps 1874 Cavalry Carbine

La Boeuf (Glen Campbell) uses a Sharps 1874 Cavalry Carbine as his rifle of choice throughout the film. When hunting, he manages to pretty much destroy a Turkey with the rifle. Later in the film he manages to shoot Ned Pepper's horse from a long distance and is mocked by Rooster for missing the shot claiming, "Maybe next time if you aim for for the horse, you might hit Pepper." He fairs better at the film's climax and manages to shoot Pepper off his horse from an impressive distance before he can kill Rooster.

Sharps 1874 Cavalry Carbine - .45-70.
La Boeuf destroys a Turkey with his Sharps 1874 Cavalry Carbine.
La Boeuf shoots Ned Pepper's horse with his Sharps 1874 carbine.
La Boeuf takes aim at more of Pepper's men.
La Boeuf comes to Matties' rescue with his Sharps 1874 carbine in hand.
La Boeuf points his Sharps Carbine at Chaney.
La Boeuf shoots Ned Pepper off his horse with his Sharps Carbine.

Colt New Service (mock-up)

Lucky Ned Pepper (Robert Duvall) is seen in a few scenes using a Colt New Service revolver mocked up to look like a Single Action Army by adding a fake ejector rod. (See also The Long Riders.) These guns were used by actors too slow to handle a single action only revolver and required a double action trigger pull for quicker shots. It is strange why he uses this gun as he is never required to fire it rapidly and when facing Rooster at the end of the film, the gun switches to an actually SAA instead.

Colt New Service - .45 ACP.
Ned Pepper fires his mocked-up Colt New Service revolver in the air.
Ned Pepper firing his mocked-up New Service at Rooster during the climax of the film before it turns into an actual SAA.

Winchester 1866 "Yellow Boy" (mocked up like Henry 1860)

Tom Chaney (Jeff Corey) is seen using a Winchester 1866 "Yellow Boy" rifle with the forend removed to look like a Henry 1860 rifle to murder Frank Ross (John Pickard), Matties' father. Dialogue confirms they intended the gun to be a Henry rifle in the film. Later, Chaney is seen with an actually Henry instead.

Winchester 1866 "Yellow Boy" - .44RF.
Chaney points his Winchester 1866 mocked up like a Henry at Frank Ross.
Chaney with the Winchester 1866 rifle. Note how it clearly has a loading gate instead of a twisting barrel, which shows it is not a Henry rifle.

Henry 1860

Tom Chaney (Jeff Corey) is later seen with an actual Henry 1860 when Mattie first finds him. He keeps a sling attached to it.

Henry 1860 - .44RF
Chaney armed with his Henry 1860 when he meets Mattie. Note how the rifle clearly has a twisting barrel instead of a loading gate.

12 Gauge Double Barreled Shotgun

A U.S. Marshal helping Rooster Cogburn unload the outlaws from the Indian territory is armed with a 12 Gauge Double Barreled Shotgun. Later, Farrell Parmalee (Kenneth Becker) is seen armed with a side-by-side as well.

Stoeger IGA Coach gun - 12 Gauge.
A U.S. Marshal helps Rooster unload outlaws from the Indian Territory with a side-by-side in hand.
Farrel Parmalee with a side-by-side in hand.

Winchester 1894 Saddle Ring Carbine

A U.S. Marshal helping unload outlaws from the Indian territory is seen armed with a Winchester 1894 Saddle ring Carbine rifle. He is seen with it in hand when telling Mattie to wait another day to talk to Rooster Cogburn. Later in the film, Ned Pepper is seen with a '94 rifle and fires it into the air to let Rooster know where he is. It clearly has a longer receiver and the more complex lever system under the gun helping tell it from an 1892 rifle.

Winchester 1894 Saddle ring Carbine - .30-30.
A U.S. Marshal tells Mattie to wait for Rooster with his Winchester 1894 Saddle ring carbine in hand.
Ned Pepper with a Winchester '94 carbine in hand.
Ned Pepper fires his '94 carbine in the air.


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