Unforgettable Year 1919 (Nezabyvaemyy 1919 god), The

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The Unforgettable Year 1919
(Nezabyvaemyy 1919 god)
1919 Poster.jpg
Original Theatrical Poster
Country SOV.jpg USSR
Directed by Mikhail Chiaureli
Release Date 1951
Language Russian
Studio Mosfilm
Main Cast
Character Actor
Joseph Vissarionovich Stalin Mikhail Gelovani
Vladimir Ilyich Lenin Pavel Molchanov
Vladimir Shibayev Boris Andreyev
Katya Danilova Marina Kovalyova
Voronov Ivan Bobrov
Potapov Vladimir Ratomskiy
Lt. Gen. Aleksandr Ivanovich Neklyudov Nikolai Komissarov
Nikolay Neklyudov Andrei Popov
Aleksandr Neklyudov Evgeniy Samoylov
Paul Dukes alias Urvantsev Vladimir Kenigson


The Unforgettable Year 1919 (Nezabyvaemyy 1919 god) is a 1951 Soviet two-part historical movie directed by Mikhail Chiaureli and adapted from eponymous play by Vsevolod Vishnevsky. It depicts the events of Russian Civil war in May 1919 when White troops of General Nikolai Yudenich, supported by British Navy, carry out a successful offensive on Red Petrograd. A mutiny against Bolsheviks breaks out on the Krasnaya Gorka, a powerful fortress guarding Petrograd. The story centers on the person of Joseph Stalin (Mikhail Gelovani) who is shown as the saviour of Petrograd and the Soviet Power.


The following weapons were used in the film The Unforgettable Year 1919 (Nezabyvaemyy 1919 god):

Contents


Revolvers

Nagant M1895

Both Reds and Whites, notably the Representative of Special Department of Baltic Fleet Vladimir Shibayev (Boris Andreyev), Bolshevik Potapov (Vladimir Ratomskiy), one of the leaders of the mutiny on Krasnaya Gorka fortress Kupriyanov (Ivan Gerasimov), and British agent Paul Dukes (Vladimir Kenigson), use Nagant M1895 revolvers.

Nagant M1895 Revolver - 7.62x38R Nagant. Note the angular front sight which was used from 1930s.
White Army Col. Seidlitz (Boris Bibikov) carries a Nagant holster.
Kupriyanov (at the left) holds a Nagant.
A Nagant is seen (at the right) when mutineers arrest Bolsheviks.
The same scene. A Nagant is seen in center.
Mutineers with Nagants escort a Red sailor.
Kupriyanov fires at Aleksandr Neklyudov (Evgeniy Samoylov) who refuses to support the mutiny.
Potapov with a Nagant and RG-14/30 hand grenade during the assault on the Krasnaya Gorka fortress.
A grip of revolver is seen in Col. Seidlitz's holster in the scene in Gen. Rodzyanko's headquarters.
Shibayev holds a Nagant. In next moment, as like as in previous scenes, he is seen with a Mauser C96.
Dukes, posing as a Baltic sailor Urvantsev, holds a Nagant.

Pistols

Mauser C96

Vladimir Shibayev (Boris Andreyev) and several other Red sailors carry Mauser C96 pistols. A Mauser is also used by the leader of the mutiny on Krasnaya Gorka fortress, former Russian Army Podporuchik (2nd Lt. rank), commandant of the fortress Nikolay Neklyudov (Andrei Popov).

Pre-War dated Mauser C96 "Broomhandle" Commercial Version - 7.63x25mm Mauser
Shibayev carries a Mauser in holster. This gun seems to be a mockup rather than a real gun, but later Shibayev holds a real pistol.
A Red sailor of Shibayev's unit carries a Mauser C96 in his belt (at the right).
Nikolay Neklyudov holds a Mauser.
Another view of Neklyudov with a Mauser.
Shibayev holds a Mauser. In previous moment he holds a Nagant.
Shibayev drops his pistol, being shot in back by Dukes.

FN Model 1900

Apart from the abovementioned Mauser C96, Nikolay Neklyudov (Andrei Popov) also carries an FN Model 1900 pistol. In one scene Vladimir Shibayev (Boris Andreyev) confiscates an FN 1900 from a White Colonel Pavel Vladimirovich Vadbolskiy (Pavel Massalsky), an envoy of Gen. Rodzyanko to White supporters in Petrograd.

FN Model 1900 - .32 ACP
Nezabyvaemyy 1919-FN1900-1.jpg
Neklyudov holds his pistol during the mutiny.
Shibayev holds Vadbolskiy's pistol.
Another view of the scene.
Shibayev holds the pistol.
The grip is seen.
Nezabyvaemyy 1919-FN1900-7.jpg
Neklyudov shoots himself after the defeat of the mutiny (unlike the real person, who served in White Army till the end of the Civil war).

Rifles

Mosin Nagant M1891/30

Both Reds and Whites widely use Mosin Nagant Rifles. In most cases it's impossible to identify the exact model but those that are seen better appear to be M1891/30 version.

Note: see additional images on talk page.

Soviet Mosin Nagant M1891/30 - 7.62x54mm R
White soldiers with rifles.
Red Army men of Stalin's guard hold rifles. A man at the left holds an M91/30 rifle.
Nezabyvaemyy 1919-Mosin-5.jpg
Sailors of Shibayev's unit carry rifles.
Shibayev's men break on the meeting of counter-revolutionary organization in Petrograd.
Shibayev's men in same scene. A rifle at the left appears to be an M91/30.
Red sailors assault the fortress from the sea.
Another view of the scene of landing.
A mutineer at the machine gun is shot. He holds an M91/30 rifle.
Sailor Bryzgalov (Vasiliy Merkuryev) holds an M91/30 rifle.

Karabiner 98k

Out of time Karabiner 98k rifles, probably used as a replacement for correct Gewehr 98s, are seen in several scenes.

Karabiner 98k - 7.92x57mm Mauser
Mauser rifles in gun rack in guardhouse of Krasnaya Gorka fortress.
Vladimir Shibayev (Boris Andreyev) examines a rifle, one of guns, confiscated from secret counter-revolutionary organisation in Petrograd.
A pile of confiscated guns on the floor.

Machine Guns

Maxim

Maxim machine guns are used by both Reds and Whites. Some of them are definitely M1910s while some others can be M1910s or M1910/30s.

Maxim on Sokolov wheel mount with shield - 7.62x54mmR
Maxim 1910, simplified version with smooth water jacket - 7.62x54mmR
A Maxim on Red tachanka cart.
Maxim machine guns in front of Smolny, the center of Soviet Power in Petrograd.
A Maxim is seen at the right in Gen. Rodzyanko's headquarters.
A Maxim of Red troops. It has a smooth water jacket.
Red sailors carry a Maxim from a boat during the assault of Krasnaya Gorka fortress. This machine gun also has a smooth water jacket.
A Maxim fires from a boat, supporting the landing.
Red sailors carry another Maxim.
A Maxim in action during the assault. It has a ribbed water jacket so it appears to be an M1910/30 (or, less credible, an early version of M1910).
Mutineers' Maxim with a dead gunner is seen.
A Maxim with ribbed water jacket is seen on Stalin's armoured train.

MG34

What appear an out of time MG34 is seen in Gen. Rodzyanko's headquarters.

MG34 on tripod - 7.92x57mm Mauser
MG34 (at the foreground) and MG42 (at the background) on tripods. They can stand for such air cooled machine guns of appropriate era as Hotchkiss Mle 1914.
Another view of MG34.

MG42

What appear an out of time MG42 is seen in Gen. Rodzyanko's headquarters.

MG42 Machine Gun - 7.92x57mm Mauser
MG34 (at the foreground) and MG42 (at the background) on tripods. They can stand for such air cooled machine guns of appropriate era as Hotchkiss Mle 1914.

37-mm 70-K

37-mm 70-K AA autocannons, naval version of 61-K, are seen on some ships of Soviet Navy that appear in the movie. Of course, these guns weren't present in 1919.

37-mm 70-K naval automatic air defense gun - 37x252mmSR
A 37mm AA gun is seen on Novik class destroyer.

Other Weapons

RG-14/30 Hand Grenade

Red sailors and workers widely use RG-14/30 hand grenades.

RG-14/30 hand grenade.
A sailor with grenades.
Sailors at the background carry grenades.
Nezabyvaemyy 1919-Grenade-3.jpg
Sailors carry grenades.
A sailor at the left carries two grenades.
A worker in center holds a Nagant and carries two grenades in his belt.
A sailor at the right carries two grenades, and the one at the left holds a grenade in hand.
Potapov (Vladimir Ratomskiy) with a Nagant and RG-14/30 hand grenade during the assault on the Krasnaya Gorka fortress.

F-1 Hand Grenade

One of the sailors of Shibayev's unit carries a pair of "pineapple" hand grenades that appear to be F-1s, probably standing for Mills Bombs.

F-1 High-Explosive Fragmentation hand grenade
A sailor in center carries a pair of "pineapple" hand grenades.
Another view on same character.

Trivia

Wall Firearms

A pair of long guns (muskets or shotguns) and a pair of percussion cap or flintlock pistols are seen on the wall on the estate where Gen. Rodzyanko's headquarters is located. These weapons aren't seen clear enough for identification.

Nezabyvaemyy 1919-WallGuns-1.jpg
Nezabyvaemyy 1919-WallGuns-2.jpg

Holsters

A member of Revolutionary Military Council of Petrograd front (Pavel Sukhanov) carries a universal holster for Nagant revolver and TT pistol. Such holsters were issued only in late 1930s.
Colonel Pavel Vladimirovich Vadbolskiy (Pavel Massalsky) carries a holster for Korovin TK.

Artillery

White artillery in action: 76.2mm field guns (M1902 are seen at the foreground, and M1902/30 (with longer barrels) - at far left) and 122mm M1910/30 howitzers (at far right).
White 122mm M1910/30 field howitzers.
Another view of the howitzers.
A 76.2mm M1902/30 field gun is used as a part of a blockage on the railroad before the Red armoured train.
10-inch coastal guns of Fort Rif. Most scenes on Krasnaya Gorka were really filmed on Fort Rif.
6-inch coastal gun of Fort Rif.
Loading of 6-inch gun.
Red sailors find a 76.2mm M1902 gun, hidden in the embassy of some foreign power.
Two twin 12-inch coastal turrets on real Krasnaya Gorka.
Mutineers of Krasnaya Gorka fire a 122mm howitzer at attacking Red troops and armoured train.
Nikolay Neklyudov (Andrei Popov) personally fires an M1902/30 field gun.
12-inch turret of Krasnaya Gorka.

Armoured Cars

Highly anachronistic BA-64 armoured cars are used by Red troops.
What appears to be a WW2 era German tank (at the left) stands for a destroyed White Army armoured vehicle.

Armoured Train

Joseph Stalin's armoured train is the Armoured Train No 620 of BP-43 pattern that appeared only in 1942 (the actual train was build in 1944). It consists of three artillery wagons, each with a single turret with 76.2mm F-34 gun, several flatcars and armoured locomotive.

The armoured train in attack. An armoured flatcar in front is intended for two 37mm AA autocannons but in this case they are removed, and the flatcar is used for infantry.
The locomotive. A small turret on the armoured coal-car is intended for anti-aircraft DShK machine gun but in this case the machine gun is removed.
Nezabyvaemyy 1919-ArmouredTrain-3.jpg
Armoured wagons.

Warships

Warships of Soviet Baltic Fleet appear in the movie as British Royal Navy and Red Navy ships.

Cruiser Admiral Makarov (former German Nurnberg, assigned to the Soviet Navy as war reparations) appears in the movie as a British cruiser. A single 150-mm triple turret is seen on the bow of the cruiser.
12-inch triple turret of battleship Oktyabrskaya Revolyutsiya (Gangut in 1919). This ship stands for its sistership Petropavlovsk that was a real participant of the events of May 1919, and also it appears as a British battleship.
12-inch turrets and 120mm guns in board casemates on Oktyabrskaya Revolyutsiya. Mountings for 76.2mm and 37mm AA guns are seen on the bow of the battleship.
Novik class destroyer. The stern 102mm gun and 37mm AA gun are seen. The ship bears the name Gavriil that was a real participant of the events of May 1919 but was lost on minefield in October 1919. The ship that appears in the movie is one of several Gavriil sisterships that survived the WW2. This scene was likely filmed on the North Fleet as Baltic Fleet has no operable Novik class destroyers in late 1940s.
A general view of Novik class destroyer.
Gunboat Krasnoye Znamya (former Khrabryy) fires 130mm guns. It appears in the movie as a British ship.
Soviet G-5 class torpedo boats stand for British CMB torpedo boats that were part of Royal Navy forces in Finnish Gulf in 1919.
Torpedo boats in action. The ship at background left appears to be the minelayer Marti, former Imperial Russian yacht Standart.
Oktyabrskaya Revolyutsiya fires full broadside of twelve 12-inch guns. Note the mountings of 37mm AA guns on top of the turrets.



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