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The Return of Maxim (Vozvrashchenie Maksima)

From Internet Movie Firearms Database - Guns in Movies, TV and Video Games
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The Return of Maxim
(Vozvrashchenie Maksima)
Vozvrashchenie Maksima Poster.jpg
Original Theatrical Poster
Country SOV.jpg USSR
Directed by Grigoriy Kozintsev
Leonid Trauberg
Release Date 1937
Language Russian
Studio Lenfilm
Main Cast
Character Actor
Maksim Ivanovich Lisitsin alias "Comrade Fyodor" Boris Chirkov
Natalya Artemyeva alias "Comrade Yelena" Valentina Kibardina
Andrey Yefimovich Turaev Anatoliy Kuznetsov
Platon Vasilyevich Dymba Mikhail Zharov
Nikolay Vasili Vanin
Vasiliy Kuzmich Yerofeyev Aleksandr Zrazhevsky
Mishchenko Aleksandr Chistyakov
The strikebreaker Yuriy Tolubeev

The Return of Maxim (Vozvrashchenie Maksima) is a Soviet 1937 historical drama directed by Grigoriy Kozintsev and Leonid Trauberg. This is the second part of Maxim Trilogy, depicting the life of a young factory worker, Maxim Lisitsin, who becoms a revolutionary and organises the labor strike of Peterburg workers in Summer 1914. The movie is followed by the third part, The Vyborg Side (Vyborgskaya storona) (1939) that shows Maxim Lisitsin after the Russian revolution 1917.

Note: the first part of the trilogy, The Youth of Maxim (Yunost Maksima) (1935), lacks any firearms and so isn't listed on IMFDB.

The following weapons were used in the film The Return of Maxim (Vozvrashchenie Maksima):


Nagant M1895

In several scenes, notably during the fighting of the barricades, revolutionary workers, police personnel and Army officers use Nagant M1895 revolvers.

Nagant M1895 Revolver - 7.62x38R Nagant. Note the angular front sight which was used from 1930s.
A defender of a barricade fires a Nagant.
Vozvrashchenie Maksima-Nagant-3.jpg
A Gorodovoy (policeman) fires a Nagant.
Maksim Lisitsin (Boris Chirkov) grapples with a Gorodovoy for the revolver.
Vozvrashchenie Maksima-Nagant-10.jpg
Maksim with captured Nagant.
Maksim's Nagant runs out of ammo (after 10(!) shots in a row). Next to him a worker also holds a Nagant (in previous scene this character holds a Bulldog revolver, see below).
Workers with Nagants carry away wounded Maksim.
An officer aims his Nagant at arrested Natasha Artemyeva (Valentina Kibardina).
An officer with a Nagant in hand tears away the red banner from the barricade.
An NCO at the foreground holds a Nagant in the same scene.

Short-barreled Nagant M1895

A Gorodovoy fires a short-barreled Nagant M1895. It is one of the most early appearances of this version of Nagant on screen. Sources about shortened Nagants vary: were they produced in Russian Empire or this version appeared only in 1920s (this is more credible).

Nagant M1895 Revolver with 3.3" barrel - 7.62x38R Nagant
Vozvrashchenie Maksima-Nagant-5.jpg
Vozvrashchenie Maksima-Nagant-6.jpg
A Gorodovoy fires a short-barreled Nagant.

Rast-Gasser M1898

A Gorodovoy uses a Rast-Gasser M1898 revolver. In reality this Austro-Hungarian revolver wasn't ever issued in Russia.

Rast-Gasser M1898 Revolver - 8x27mm Gasser
A Gorodovoy carries a revolver in hoslter. The shape and angle of the grip match Rast-Gasser revolver.
Vozvrashchenie Maksima-Gasser-1.jpg
Vozvrashchenie Maksima-Gasser-2.jpg
A Gorodovoy uses his Rast-Gasser revolver to pistol-whip worker Mishchenko (Aleksandr Chistyakov).
Mishchenko manages to disarm his opponent.

Bulldog Revolver

One of the revolutionary workers is armed with a kind of Bulldog revolver.

Webley British Bulldog - .45
Vozvrashchenie Maksima-Revolver-2.jpg
Vozvrashchenie Maksima-Revolver-3.jpg
A worker on barricade draws a snub nose revolver that appears to be a kind of Bulldog.
Another view of the revolver.


Mosin Nagant M1891

Russian Army soldiers are armed with Mosin Nagant M1891 rifles. Both Infantry and Dragoon versions are seen.

Russian Mosin Nagant M1891 Infantry Rifle - 7.62x54mm R
Russian Mosin Nagant M1891 Dragoon Rifle - 7.62x54mm R
Soldiers march with rifles.
Cavalrymen disperse the workers demonstration. Their rifles appear to be full-length Infantry rifles rather than shorter Dragoon model.
A cavalryman at the left carries an M91 Infantry rifle.
Vozvrashchenie Maksima-Mosin-5.jpg
Soldiers storm the barricade and arrest revolutionary workers.
An officer and soldiers arrest Natasha Artemyeva (Valentina Kibardina). The soldiers hold rifles that seem to be Dragoon model.
Soldiers with M91 Infantry rifles on the captured barricade.
Soldiers hold rifles when going to front in first days of the Great War. The rifles seem to be a mix of Infantry and Dragoon models.
A good view of the barrel and bayonet of M91 Infantry rifle in hands of Maksim Lisitsin (Boris Chirkov), drafted in army.
A soldier (Mikhail Dubrava) in railway wagon holds a rifle with bayonet, attached backwards.

Mannlicher M1895

Some cavalrymen, dispersing the workers demonstration, carry Mannlicher M1895 rifles, standing for Mosin Nagant M1891s.

Original Austro-Hungarian Steyr Mannlicher M1895 - 8x50mmR Mannlicher
Vozvrashchenie Maksima-Mannlicher-1.jpg
Vozvrashchenie Maksima-Mannlicher-2.jpg
Vozvrashchenie Maksima-Mannlicher-3.jpg
Cavalrymen carry Mannlicher M1895 rifles.


Double Barreled Shotgun

An aged worker on barricades is armed with a Double Barreled Shotgun.

Vozvrashchenie Maksima-Shotgun-1.jpg
Vozvrashchenie Maksima-Shotgun-2.jpg
An aged mustached worker readies and aims his shotgun.

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