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Before Sunrise (Pered rassvetom)

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Before Sunrise (Pered rassvetom)
Pered rassvetom Poster.jpg
Theatrical Release Poster
Country SOV.jpg USSR
Directed by Yaropolk Lapshin
Release Date 1989
Language Russian
Studio Sverdlovsk Film Studios
Main Cast
Character Actor
Lieutenant Yevgeny Mironov
Nikolai Valeri Ryzhakov
Vasya Aleksandr Pankratov-Chyornyy
Yefim Vyacheslav Kirilichev
Nevolin Konstantin Stepankov

Before Sunrise (original title Pered rassvetom) is a 1989 Soviet war drama directed by Yaropolk Lapshin. In Summer 1941 a train that transports a group of convicts is destroyed by German planes. Only three men survived: NKVD Lieutenant (Yevgeny Mironov) who was the chief of the guards, and two convicts: Vasya (Aleksandr Pankratov-Chyornyy), a seasoned criminal, and Nikolai (Valeri Ryzhakov), a former high rank Soviet officer.

The following weapons were used in the film Before Sunrise (Pered rassvetom):


Tokarev TT-33

A TT-33 is a personal firearm of Lieutenant (Yevgeny Mironov) (this character is never named). In several scenes his pistol is used by Nikolai (Valeri Ryzhakov).

Tokarev TT-33 - 7.62x25mm Tokarev. Post-1947 version.
Lieutenant fires his pistol.
A close view of the pistol. It's of post-war version.
Nikolai holds the TT.
Lieutenant holds his TT.

Nagant M1895

One of NKVD officers (Nikita Tretyakov) holds a Nagant M1895 revolver in the opening scene.

Nagant M1895 Revolver - 7.62x38N
The officer fires in the air to establish the order.

Luger P08

In the final scene a German officer is seen with a Luger P08.

Luger P08 - 9x19mm
An officer at the left draws his Luger.

Submachine Guns


Several NKVD guards carry PPSh-41 SMGs in the opening scene.

PPSh-41 - 7.62x25mm Tokarev
Two guards with PPSh escort Nikolai.
A guard with PPSh on the train.


Numerous German soldiers are armed with MP40 SMGs. In one scene a partisan Ivan (Aleksandr Olkov) carries an MP40.

MP40 - 9x19mm
One of the soldiers holds an MP40.
Ivan holds an MP40.
In the final scene SS soldiers aim their MP40s and MG34 at a group of civilians.
A close view of an MP40 in the same scene.


Mosin Nagant M1891/30

Most Soviet soldiers are armed with Mosin Nagant M1891/30 rifles, often with bayonets. Vasya (Aleksandr Pankratov-Chyornyy) fires an M91/30 rifle during the battle with German paratroopers.

Mosin Nagant M91/30 - 7.62x54mm R
A soldier with an M91/30 rifle on a flatcar.
Soldiers with M91/30 rifles fire from under the train.
Vasya fires a rifle.

Karabiner 98k

Some German soldiers are armed with Karabiner 98k rifles. Nikolai (Valeri Ryzhakov) and Vasya (Aleksandr Pankratov-Chyornyy) use captured 98k rifles.

Karabiner 98k - German manufacture 1937 date - 7.92x57mm Mauser
A German soldier holds a 98k rifle.
Nikolai with a 98k.
Vasya fires a 98k. A second rifle is seen next to him.

Machine Guns

Maxim M1910/30

Several Maxim M1910/30 machine guns are mounted on the train in the opening scene. During the battle with German paratroopers Nikolai (Valeri Ryzhakov) mans a Maxim.

Maxim 1910/30 machine gun - 7.62x54mmR
Maxim on a flatcar.
Maxim fires at German planes.
Maxim is dismounted from the train and used against German paratroopers.
Pered rassvetom-Maxim-7.jpg
Nikolai fires the Maxim.

A twin AA mounting of Maxim is mounted on the train.

A twin AA Maxim on a flatcar.
A closer view of the AA Maxim. Note the one of the machine guns is of post-1941 version.
AA Maxim fires at German planes.


MG34 machine guns, mounted on motorcycle sidecars, are used by German soldiers in several scenes.

MG34 with front and rear sights folded down - 7.92x57mm Mauser
A close view of the barrel.
An MG34 is mounted in sidecar.
An MG34 is seen in the night scene.

PK (visually modified to resemble MG34)

In the firing scene MG34 is substituted with a visually modified PK.

A picture of the original MG34 and PK conversion
An MG34, used by SS soldiers, appears to be a mocked up PK.

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