Type 97 hand grenade

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The Type 97 hand grenade was the main grenade used by Japanese forces during the Second World War. It was more or less just the earlier multi-purpose Type 91 grenade with the attachment socket for a propellant canister deleted from the base, preventing it from being used as a rifle grenade or light mortar projectile as the Type 91 could be, and with the 7-8 second fuze replaced with a 4-5 second fuze to prevent the grenade being thrown back.

Many Type 91s were retrofitted with this fuze: they were further modified by having their base threading drilled out, and had blobs of welding flux added to the lip at the top of the base so they would not physically fit inside a mortar or rifle grenade launcher. For identification, the bases of these grenades were painted white: any grenade that appears to be a Type 97 but has a white base with a hollow in it is actually a modified Type 91. Without a white base but with a visible recessed socket, it is a regular Type 91. With a white base and no hollow, it is an error, as no grenades were marked in this way.

The grenade still suffered from the same bizarre fuze design as the Type 91, extreme variations in fuze burn time, and was still not particularly effective compared to other WW2 designs due to its small explosive content and cylindrical body which made throwing it uphill a hazardous activity.

The Type 97 High-Explosive Fragmentation hand grenade can be seen in the following films and video games used by the following actors:

Type 97 High-Explosive Fragmentation hand grenade (minus pin)

Film

Title Actor Character Note Date
The Fighting Seabees Japanese soldiers 1944
Pride of the Marines wounded Japanese soldier 1945
None But the Brave Tatsuya Mihashi Lt. Kuroki 1965
The Thin Red Line Imperial Japanese soldiers 1998
Pearl Harbor Michael Shannon Lt. "Gooz" Wood 2001
Imperial Japanese troops
Windtalkers Imperial Japanese troops 2002
Letters from Iwo Jima Imperial Japanese Army and Navy troops 2006
Death and Glory in Changde Wenkang Yuan Capt. Feng Baohua 2010
Imperial Japanese troops
The Flowers of War Imperial Japanese Army soldiers 2011
My Way Dong-gun Jang Kim Jun-Shik 2011
Imperial Japanese troops
Oba: The Last Samurai Part of booby traps 2011
Cold Steel (Bian di lang yan) Tony Leung Ka Fai Zhang Menzi 2011
Victor Chen A Gui
Imperial Japanese troops
Hacksaw Ridge Imperial Japanese soldiers 2016

Television

Title/Episode Actor Character Note Date
The Pacific Imperial Japanese troops 2010

Video Games

Game Title Referred as Mods Note Release Date
Medal of Honor: Rising Sun 2003
Hidden & Dangerous 2 "Grenade typ 97" 2004
Medal of Honor: Pacific Assault 2004
The History Channel: Battle for the Pacific 2007
Call of Duty: World at War 2008
Battlefield: 1943 2009
Sniper Elite III 2014
Red Orchestra 2: Rising Storm "Type 97 frag grenade" 2013
Sniper Elite 4 2017
Yakuza Kiwami Used in cutscene by Futoshi Shimano 2017
Yakuza Kiwami 2 Incorrectly depicted as an incendiary grenade 2018
Battlefield V "Frag Grenade" added with "War in the Pacific" (2019) 2018


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