School of Courage (Shkola muzhestva)

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School of Courage (Shkola muzhestva)
Shkola muzhestva Poster.jpg
Original Poster
Country SOV.jpg USSR
Directed by Vladimir Basov
Mstislav Korchagin
Release Date 1954
Language Russian
Studio Mosfilm
Main Cast
Character Actor
Boris Gorikov Leonid Kharitonov
Afansii Chubuk Mark Bernes
Semyon Galka Vladimir Yemelyanov
Nikanor Sukharev Grigory Mikhaylov
Vera Sukhareva Roza Makagonova
Boris' father Pyotr Chernov
Boris' mother Evgeniya Melnikova
Vasily Shmakov Mikhail Pugovkin


School of Courage (Shkola muzhestva) is a Soviet 1954 historical adventure movie directed by Vladimir Basov and Mstislav Korchagin and based on the novel "Shkola" ("School") by Arkadi Gajdar. The story depicts the fate of young man Boris Gorikov during the Russian revolution 1917 and civil war.


The following weapons were used in the film School of Courage (Shkola muzhestva):

Contents


Revolvers

Nagant M1895

Nagant M1895 revolvers are widely seen throughout the series, notably used by Semyon Ivanovich Galka (Vladimir Yemelyanov), the former teacher turned Red Army commander. All Nagants in the movie are of anachronistic post-1930 version.

Nagant M1895 - 7.62x38N
White Cossack officer fires the Nagant revolver in the night scene.
Another view of the Nagant.
Red sailor Vasily Shmakov (Mikhail Pugovkin) carries the Nagant instead of his usual Mauser C96 pistol.
Semyon Galka draws his Nagant.
Semyon Galka fires the Nagant in action.
White Army Col. Zhikharev (Nikolai Garin) fires his Nagant at chasing Boris Gorikov.

Pistols

FN Model 1910

Boris Gorikov's (Leonid Kharitonov) personal weapon is the FN Model 1910 pistol that his father sent from the front during the Great War. In the original novel the pistol was described as "a small pocket Mauser".

FN Model 1910 - .380 ACP
Boris is very fond of the pistol that he found in the package from his father.
Boris (at the right) carries the FN 1910, tucked at his belt, when he joins the Red Army.
Boris puts his pistol in holster.
White Army Poruchik (Lt.) (Vladimir Basov) shows the pistol, taked from arrested Boris, to Col. Zhikharev (Nikolai Garin).
Col. Zhikharev examines the pistol.
Shkola muzhestva-FN1910-6.jpg
A close view of the FN Model 1910.
Boris fires at escaping Col. Zhikharev.

FN Model 1900

In one scene Boris Gorikov's (Leonid Kharitonov) FN Model 1910 switches to FN Model 1900 due to a continuity error and then back to Model 1910.

FN Model 1900 - .32 ACP
Boris fires at Yury Vaald (Viktor Brezhnev).
Shkola muzhestva-FN1900-2.jpg
Another view of the pistol.

Mauser C96

Mauser C96 pistols are used by Red sailors and soldiers, including Vasily Shmakov (Mikhail Pugovkin) and Fyodor Syrtsov (Vadim Zakharchenko).

Pre-War dated Mauser C96 "Broomhandle" Commercial Version - 7.63x25mm Mauser
The leader of local Anarchists (Seraphim Kozminsky) carries a Mauser, tucked at his belt. The position of the lanyard ring matches 1920s version of C96.
Shmakov (at the right) and another sailor carry C96s during the revolutionary events.
Syrtsov carries his C96 in holster.
Syrtsov holds the Mauser in action.
Shmakov carries the Mauser.
The lanyard ring of Shmakov's C96 matches the original version.

Shotguns

Double Barreled Shotgun

Double Barreled Shotguns are briefly seen in several scenes.

Russian TOZ-B double barreled side by side shotgun - 16 Gauge
Students patrol the night streets during the revolutionary events. One of them (Yevgeni Kudryashov), with white armband, carries the double barreled shotgun.
The double barrel is seen better here.
Shkola muzhestva-Shotgun-3.jpg
A peasant Akim Ryabukha (Georgi Gumilevsky) holds the disassembles shotgun with exposed hammers when he joins Red Army. TOZ-B, a venerable shotgun that was manufactured from 1902, is a good guess for mid-1950s.

Rifles

Mosin Nagant M1891/30 Rifle

Mosin Nagant M1891/30 rifles, standing for original M91s, are used by Reds and Whites throughout the movie.

Mosin Nagant M1891/30 - 7.62x54mmR
Red sailor Vasily Shmakov (Mikhail Pugovkin) performs the sentry duties at the doors of the revolutionary committee.
A Red Army soldier at the left carries the rifle on sling.
Volunteers who join the Red Army receive rifles.
M91/30 rifle is seen at the left.
The firing squad of White Army execute Afansii Chubuk.
A Red Army soldier at the left carries M91/30 rifle on sling.
Shkola muzhestva-M91-30-5.jpg
Red Army soldiers in action.

Mosin Nagant M1907 Carbine

Mosin Nagant M1907 Carbines are used by many Red Army soldiers, including Boris Gorikov (Leonid Kharitonov), Afansii Chubuk (Mark Bernes), Tsyganok (Vladimir Gorelov), Timoshkin (Viktor Uralskiy) and unnamed soldier (Pyotr Mukhin).

Mosin Nagant Model 1907 Carbine - 7.62x54mm R
Chubuk (at the left) carries the M07 Carbine.
A good view of Chubuk's carbine.
Chubuk carries the carbine.
Tsyganok (Vladimir Gorelov) (at the left) carries the M07 Carbine.
Wounded Chubuk fires his carbine single-hand.
Boris and Chubuk carry M07 Carbines.
Boris fires his M07 Carbine.
A close view of Boris' carbine.

Mosin Nagant M1938 Carbine

In some scenes anachronistic Mosin Nagant M1938 Carbines are seen. Due to a continuity error Boris Gorikov's (Leonid Kharitonov) M07 Carbine switches to M38.

Mosin Nagant M38 Carbine - 7.62x54mm R
Red Army soldier (Nikolai Khryashchikov) (at the left) carries M38 Carbine.
Red Army soldier (Pyotr Mukhin) with M38 Carbine in action.
Red Army soldier with M38 Carbine in action.
Boris with M38 Carbine.

Machine Guns

Maxim M1910/30

Both Reds and Whites use Maxim M1910/30 machine guns, standing for original M1910s. It appears to be that a single prop is reused, identified by its non-standard shield that is possibly a simplified wartime version.

Russian Maxim 1910/30 machine gun - 7.62x54mmR
Red soldiers carry Maxim. Despite having wheeled mounting, Maxim was often carried on hands.
White Army Maxim on position.
Unnamed soldier (Pyotr Mukhin) mans the Maxim, assisted by Akim Ryabukha (Georgi Gumilevsky).
Another view of the Maxim in action.
White Army soldiers fire the Maxim from the belfry.

Other Weapons

RG-14/30 Hand Grenade

RG-14/30 hand grenades stand for original RG-14s.

RG-14/30 Soviet hand grenade.
Afansii Chubuk (Mark Bernes) carries two grenades in pocket of his greycoat.
Chubuk throws the grenade.
Chubuk hands a grenade to Boris Gorikov (Leonid Kharitonov).
Vasily Shmakov (Mikhail Pugovkin) carries two grenades at his belt.
Boris uses a grenade in action.

Trivia

An anachronistic 76.2mm ZiS-3 field cannon is used by Whites and later captured by Reds.

76.2mm ZiS-3 (M1942) divisional gun
ZiS-3 on position.
Note that the muzzle brake is removed, probably to make the gun look more authentic for early 20th century.



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