Maxim

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The Maxim was the first true self-powered machine gun*, a recoil-operated fully-automatic belt fed weapon produced by Sir Hiram Stevens Maxim, an American-born inventor who moved to England at the age of 41.

Maxim's attention was drawn to guns in 1881, when a friend famously advised him "If you want to make a pile of money, invent something that will enable those fool Europeans to cut each other's throats with greater facility." He produced his first gun in 1885, an extremely bulky device with a distinctive bulge at the rear for a rotary crank to reverse the movement of the block, and a unique pointer-operated fire regulator which allowed the weapon to fire at any speed from 1 RPM to 600. Both were eliminated in later designs for simplicity, the crank assembly being replaced with a toggle joint that was the forerunner of that used on the Borchardt C-93 and Luger P08.

Despite some scepticism from early buyers (the Tsar of Russia's officers, when the 1885's mechanism was explained to them, laughed and stated nobody could operate the crank 600 times a minute, while the King of Denmark, on being told how much each round cost, told Maxim one of his guns would bankrupt Denmark in half a day) the gun was an instant success, and was adopted by many national militaries in a variety of variants and calibres. It saw combat from British use in The Gambia in 1888 to the end of the Second World War, eventually being supplanted by lighter and more efficient designs. British use led to a popular saying: "Whatever happens, we have got / The Maxim gun, and they have not." Larger versions of the Maxim were also used as anti-aircraft guns, with the most well-known examples being the British "pom-pom" guns.

Maxim's gun company was established with the help of the Vickers steel company of Great Britain and ultimately absorbed into it, joining with rival Nordenfeldt of Sweden in between; Albert Vickers would later produce his own redesigns of the Maxim, the Maxim-Vickers and later the Vickers Gun.

(*While a Swedish Army Lieutenant, D.H. Friberg, had patented a design for a recoil-operated firearm action using locking lugs similar to those used by many later automatic weapons (such as the Russian DP-28) in 1870, with early drawings for a weapon based on it dating back to 1882, Friberg's design was impractical due to rapid residue buildup from use of black powder, and it is unclear if any firing weapon was produced before Maxim's gun in 1885. Rudolf Henrik Kjellman latter refined Friberg's design to use Swiss 6.5x55mm smokeless powder cartridges in 1907, adding a bipod, water jacket and forward grip and replacing Friberg's hopper feed with a detachable box magazine: this, the "Kjellman Light Machine Gun," was a commercial failure with only ten examples produced.)


The Maxim and variants can be seen in the following films, television series, video games, and anime used by the following actors:

Contents


Maxim 1895

Maxim 1895 on tripod - 7.92x57mm Mauser

Film

Title Actor Character Notation Date
October: Ten Days That Shook the World (Oktyabr) Red Guards Russian M1905 1927
Carry on, Sergeant! Canadian soldiers 1928
North West Frontier S.M. Asgaralli Havildar 1959
Herbert Lom Van Layden
Kenneth More Capt. Scott
Wilfrid Hyde-White Mr Bridie
100 Rifles Mexican soldiers, Indians 1969
Companeros Franco Nero Yodlaf Peterson A mockup 1970
Breaker Morant Edward Woodward Morant 1980
Sherlock Holmes: A Game Of Shadows assassins 2011
The Legend of Tarzan Samuel L. Jackson George Washington Williams 2016
Belgian and Force Publique soldiers

Television

Show Title / Episode Actor Character Note Air Date
Born by Revolution: Hard Autumn (Rozhdyonnaya revolyutsiey: Trudnaya osen) Red Guards Russian M1905 1974
Rough Riders Spanish troops Argentine Maxim 1997
Lock 'n Load With R. Lee Ermey R. Lee Ermey Himself Ep. 1: Machine Gun Educations 2009

Anime

Title Character Note Date
Golden Kamuy Russian soldiers Ep. Wenkamuy" and in "Complication" 2018
Tsurumi Ep. "Gleaming"


Maxim MG08

Maxim MG08 on 'sledge' mount - 7.92x57mm Mauser

German version of the Maxim gun, adopted in 1908 and classified MG'08 accordingly. Usually seen on its unique four-legged 'sledge' mounting which could be folded up to drag the gun across the ground.

Specifications

  • Weight, Gun Only: 58lb 5oz (26.44kg)
  • Weight, On 'Sledge' Mounting: 136lb 11oz (62kg)
  • O/A Length: 46.25in (1175mm)
  • Barrel length: 28.3 in (719 mm)
  • Cartridge: 7.92x57mm Mauser

Film

Title Actor Character Notation Date
Wings German soldiers 1927
Four Sons German soldiers 1928
Verdun: Visions of History German soldiers 1928
Carry on, Sergeant! German soldiers 1928
Journey's End German soldiers 1930
All Quiet on the Western Front German soldiers 1930
The Other Side German soldiers 1931
Heroes for Sale German soldiers 1933
Shock Troop German soldiers 1934
The Lives of a Bengal Lancer 1935
The General Died at Dawn General Yang's troops 1936
The Fighting 69th German soldiers 1940
Forty Thousand Horsemen Turkish soldiers 1940
Sergeant York German soldiers 1941
Fighting Film Collection No. 9 (Boyevoy kinosbornik No. 9) German soldiers 1942
Fighting Film Collection No. 11 (Boyevoy kinosbornik No. 11) Emmanuil Geller Tryasku 1942
German soldiers
Sahara German soldiers Mounted on a halftrack 1943
Native Shores (Rodnye berega) German soldiers Fitted with a bipod 1943
In the Name of the Fatherland (Vo imya Rodiny) German soldiers 1943
The Battle of the Rails (La bataille du rail) German soldiers 1946
Zigmund Kolosovskiy Seen among Polish partisans weapons; also in footage 1946
Five Gates to Hell Vietnamesse guerillass 1959
Five Branded Women German troops 1960
Taxi for Tobruk (Un taxi pour Tobrouk) Germán Cobos Jean Ramirez Mounted on jeep 1961
The Longest Day German soldiers 1962
The Train German soldiers 1964
Is Paris Burning? German soldiers 1966
Shock Troops (Un homme de trop) Patrick Préjean Lecocq 1967
Charles Vanel Passevin
How I Unleashed World War II German soldiers 1970
Duck, You Sucker! Rod Steiger Juan Miranda 1971
The Wind and the Lion Marc Zuber Sultan of Morocco 1975
March or Die French Foreign Legionnaires 1977
Rebellious "Orion" (Myatezhnyy "Orion") German sailors 1978
All Quiet on the Western Front German soldiers 1979
Gallipoli Turkish soldiers 1981
The Ace of Aces (L'As des as) German soldiers 1982
The Living Daylights 1987
The Lighthorsemen Turkish soldiers 1987
Legends of the Fall German soldiers 1994
The Lost Battalion German soldiers 2001
Deathwatch German soldiers 2002
The Bridge Alexander Becht Ernst Scholten 2008
German soldiers
Guard No. 47 Austro-Hungarian soldiers 2008
The Red Baron German soldiers 2008
Passchendaele German soldiers 2009
Dnieper Line: Love and War German soldiers 2009
Beneath Hill 60 German soldiers 2010
Battle of Warsaw 1920 Natasza Urbanska Ola Raniewska 2011
Polish soldiers
Day of the Falcon (Or noir) Nasib's oilfield guards 2011
War Horse German troops 2011
Emden Men German Sailors 2012
Stalingrad Russian sailors mounted on a boat 2013
The Water Diviner Greek and Turkish soldiers 2014

Television

Show Title / Episode Actor Character Note Air Date
Anzacs German and Turkish troops 1985
Anzacs Mark Hembrow Dick Baker 1985
The Young Indiana Jones Chronicles Daniel Craig Captain Schiller "Daredevils of the Desert" (S2E15) 1992-1993
The Somme – From Defeat to Victory German soldiers 2006
14 - Diaries of the Great War German soldiers 2014
Gallipoli Turkish troops 2015
Deadline Gallipoli Turkish soldiers Episode 2 2015

Video Games

Game Title Appears as Mods Notation Release Date
Battlefield: 1918 2004
Darkest of Days 2009
7554 MG 08 2011
The Great War 1918 2013
Battle of Empires : 1914-1918 MG08 2014
Battlefield 1 Mounted on A7V Tanks 2016

Anime

Title Characters Notation Date
Girl Und Panzer Mounted on German A7V tank 2012
Suisei no Gargantia Pirates incorrectly equipped with a top-mounted magazine together with a belt box 2013
Saga of Tanya the Evil Empire soldiers with disk-shaped muzzle from Chinese Type 24 Maxim 2017


Maxim MG08/15

Maxim MG08/15 - 7.92x57mm Mauser
Maxim MG08/18 - 7.92x57mm Mauser
Maxim LMG 08/15 "Spandau" - 7.92x57mm Mauser

A variant of the MG08, designed as a more portable version of the gun to create a weapon faster to manufacture than the Madsen machine gun for the LMG role. By far the most common German machine gun of WW1 with a total production of around 130,000, it was so ubiquitous that "08/15" (pronounced Null-acht-fünfzehn) is still used in German to refer to something mundane.

The rare MG08/18 was an experimental heavy-barrel aircooled version under testing at the very end of the WW1.

Specifications

  • Weight: 31lb (14.06kg) empty, 46lb (20.8kg) with water jacket filled
  • O/A Length: 57.0in (1448mm)
  • Barrel length: 28.3 in (719 mm)
  • Cartridge: 7.92x57mm Mauser
  • Magazine: 100- or 250-round cloth belt carried in an ammo chest or 100-round cloth belt loaded in a metal patronenkaster belt carrier drum. It feeds from the right and ejects the spent brass from the left.

Film

Title Actor Character Notation Date
Wings MG08/15 aircraft version 1927
Westfront 1918 German soldiers 1930
The Other Side German soldiers 1931
Shock Troop German soldiers 1934
Hell's Angels Ben Lyon Monte Rutledge MG08/15 aircraft version 1930
La Bandera Jean Gabin Pierre Gilieth 1935
The General Died at Dawn General Yang's troops 1936
The Fighting 69th German soldiers 1940
Forty Thousand Horsemen German and Turkish soldiers 1940
A Walk In The Sun German soldiers MG08/15 modified with water jacket removed 1945
Signum Laudis Vítezslav Jandák Pvt. Müller 1980
Zdenek Dusek Pvt. Kostka
High Road To China Chinese Warlord's soldiers 1983
Biggles: Adventures in Time MG08/15 air cooled 1986
The Lighthorsemen German troops MG08/15 aircraft version 1987
Flyboys German pilot MG08/15 aircraft version 2006
The Red Baron German soldiers 2008
Battle of Warsaw 1920 Polish pilot MG08/15 aircraft version 2011
Rear-gunner MG08/15 air-cooled
Day of the Falcon (Or noir) Nasib's pilot MG08/15 aircraft version 2011
Wilson City Hungarian solders Fitted with drum magazine 2015
Wonder Woman German solders Fitted with drum magazine 2017

Television

Show Title / Episode Actor Character Note Air Date
Anzacs German and Australian troops 1985
Journey's End German soldiers 1988
The Somme – From Defeat to Victory German soldiers 2006
Downton Abbey German soldiers S2E05 2011


Anime

Title Character Note Date
The Mystic Archives of Dantalian Mounted on aircraft 2011


Video Games

Game Title Appears as Notation Release Date
Nosferatu: The Wrath of Malachi Machine Gun 2003
Battlefield: 1918 2004
NecroVisioN 2009
NecroVisioN: Lost Company 2010
The Great War 1918 2013
Call of Duty: Black Ops II Included in the Apocalypse DLC 2013
Battle of Empires : 1914-1918 2014
Verdun Maschinengewehr '08/15 2015
Battlefield 1 2016
Call of Duty: Black Ops III Included in the Zombies Chronicles DLC 2017


Maxim M1910

Maxim 1910 with 'Sokolov' wheel mount, w/o shield - 7.62x54mmR
Maxim 1910 with 'Sokolov' wheel mount & shield - 7.62x54mmR
Maxim 1910, simplified version with smooth water jacket - 7.62x54mmR

Russian-adopted version of the Maxim, adopted originally in 1905 with a bronze water-jacket but modified and standardized to a corrugated-type jacket in 1910. A simplified version with smooth water jacket was adopted in October 1914 and manufactured until late 1920s. Usually seen on the 'Sokolov' mounting which was wheeled with a small turntable.

Specifications

  • Weight, Gun Only: 52lb 8oz (23.8kg)
  • Weight, On 'Sokolov' Mounting: 99lb 11oz (45.22kg) (Including Shield)
  • O/A Length: 43.6in (1107mm)
  • Barrel length: 28.4 in (721 mm)
  • Cartridge: 7.62x54mm-R, early prototypes chambered for Berdan 10.14 mm

Film

Title Actor Character Notation Date
The Extraordinary Adventures of Mr. West in the Land of the Bolsheviks Viktor Latyshevskiy Russian criminal 1924
The End of St. Petersburg Bolshevik rebels 1927
Young Eagles (Noored kotkad) Estonian soldiers 1927
October: Ten Days That Shook the World (Oktyabr) Red Guards and Provisional Government troops On Sokolov and Kolesnikov mounts, and on armoured cars 1927
Arsenal Semyon Svashenko Timosha 1929
Ukrainians and Bolsheviks
Sniper Red Army soldiers, enemy soldiers 1931
Nail in the Boot (Gvozd v sapoge) Red Army soldiers On Sokolov mount and mounted on armoured train 1932
The First Platoon (Pervyy vzvod) Russian officers and soldiers 1933
Revolt of the Fishermen (Vosstaniye rybakov) Soldiers, rebels 1934
Chapaev Boris Babochkin Chapaev 1934
Leonid Kmit Petka
Varvara Myasnikova Anka
Red Army men and White Army soldiers Mounted on BA-27 armored car
The Thirteen (Trinadtsat) Red Army men 1936
The Sailors of Kronstadt (My iz Kronshtadta) Red and White troops 1936
Ski Battalion (Za Sovetskuyu Rodinu) Ivan Chuvelyov Arttu 1937
Soviet and Finnish soldiers
Lenin in October (Lenin v oktyabre) Red Guards and counter-revolutioneers 1937
The Defense of Volochayevsk Partisans, White Army soldiers Imperial Japanese Army 1938
Soviet Border (Na granitse) Nikolay Vinogradov Yerofey Vlasov 1938
Soviet Border Guard soldiers
The Sea Outpost (Morskoy post) Nikolai Ivakin Petty officer Matveev 1938
Soviet border guards
Japanese marines Disguised as German MG08
The Man with the Rifle (Chelovek s ruzhyom) Red Guards 1938
Red Tanks (Tankisty) German soldiers Standing for MG08 1939
Shchors Ivan Skuratov Vasily Bozhenko 1939
Red soldiers
Lenin in 1918 (Lenin v 1918 godu) Chekists 1939
Disappearance of "Oryol" (Gibel "Orla") Seen on the pier 1940
In the Rear of the Enemy (V tylu vraga) Soviet and Finnish troops 1941
Fighting Film Collection No. 1 (Boyevoy kinosbornik No. 1) Red Army soldiers Footage from Shchors 1941
Fighting Film Collection No. 2 (Boyevoy kinosbornik No. 2) Soviet border guards 1941
Fighting Film Collection No. 4 (Boyevoy kinosbornik No. 4) Red Army soldiers 1941
Aleksandr Parkhomenko Red Army soldiers, Anarchists 1942
We Will Come Back (Sekretar raykoma) Anatoliy Alekseev Smolyak 1942
Viktor Kulakov Orlov
Kotovsky Red soldiers, Imperial German soldiers 1942
Fighting Film Collection No. 8 (Boyevoy kinosbornik No. 8) In weapon cache 1942
Fighting Film Collection No. 11 (Boyevoy kinosbornik No. 11) German soldiers 1942
Fighting Film Collection No. 12 (Boyevoy kinosbornik No. 12) Soviet soldiers 1942
Invincible (Nepobedimye) Soviet soldiers 1943
In the Name of the Fatherland (Vo imya Rodiny) Soviet soldiers 1943
The New Adventures of Schweik (Novye pokhozhdeniya Schweika) Yugoslavian partisans On a nonstandard tripod 1943
Ivan Nikulin: Russian Sailor (Ivan Nikulin - Russkiy Matros) German soldiers 1944
Golden Path (Oqros biliki) Fyodor Ishchenko Rybak 1945
The Secret Brigade (Konstantin Zaslonov) Soviet partisans 1949
Soldiers (Soldaty) Russian soldiers 1956
Ballad of a Soldier Russian soldier 1959
Fortress on Wheels (Krepost na kolesah) Soviet soldiers 1960
Virgin Soil Upturned (Podnyataya tselina) Seen in hidden weapon cache 1960
In the Hard Hour (V trudnyy chas) Soviet soldiers 1961
Cheka Employee (Sotrudnik ChK) Red Army soldiers, bandits 1964
Viva Maria! Mexican soldiers 1965
Carlos López Moctezuma Ródriguez
Doctor Zhivago Russian soldiers 1965
Sergey Lazo Red and White Armies soldiers 1968
Two Comrades Were Serving (Sluzhili dva tovarishcha) Oleg Yankovskiy Andrei Nekrasov 1968
Red and White soldiers
Song About Manshuk (Pesn o Manshuk) Natalya Arinbasarova Sgt. Manshuk Mametova 1969
The Naval Mettle (Morskoy kharakter) Soviet Marines 1970
Red Square (Krasnaya ploshchad) Pavel Kormunin Karpushonok 1970
Pyotr Trifonov Pet'ka
Red soldiers
Officers (Ofitsery) Red Army men 1971
Bumbarash Red Army soldiers 1971
An Hour Before the Dawn (Za chas do rassveta) Armen Dzhigarkhanyan Armen Andranikyan 1973
Sergei Kharchenko Taras Zhurba
Aleksey Eybozhenko Stepan Suslov
Ruslan Akhmetov Sadyk Kurnabayev
Lev Vajnshtejn Yasha Katzman
White Army soldiers
In the Black Sands (V chyornykh peskakh) Red Army soldiers 1973
And on the Pacific... (I na Tikhom Okeane...) Nikita Podgorny Cpt. Aleksandr Petrovich Nezelasov 1974
Red and White army soldiers
Sokolovo Jan Kanyza Sgt. Rataj 1975
Stefan Kvietik Ignác Spiegel
The Lost Expedition (Propavshaya ekspeditsiya) White Army soldiers, Red partisans 1975
Golden River (Zolotaya rechka) Viktor Sergachyov Yefim Subbota 1976
Days of the Turbins (Dni Turbinykh) Andrey Myagkov Col. Aleksei Turbin 1976
Tachanka from the South (Tachanka s yuga) Red Army soldiers, bandits 1977
Rebellious "Orion" (Myatezhnyy "Orion") Russian sailors On naval mountings 1978
Velvet Season (Barkhatnyy sezon) Spanish Republicans 1978
The Battle of Port Arthur (203 kochi) Russian soldiers 1980
Bread, Gold and the Nagant Revolver (Khleb, zoloto, nagan) Yuriy Grigorev Sasha Andronov 1980
Oleg Korchikov Stepan Zaytsev
White Army soldiers, bandits
The Girl from the Legend (Devushka iz legendy) Uktam Lukmanova Fatima 1980
The Sixth (Shestoy) 1981
Snipers (Snaypery) Soviet troops w/o shield 1985
The Winter War Finnish Soldiers 1989
Ambush (Rukajärven tie) Soviet soldiers 1999
Dnieper Line: Love and War Soviet soldiers 2009
Pillbox (Dot) Stanislav Melnik Pvt. Shetikov 2009
Evgeniy Ganelin Capt. Leonov
Andrey Isaenko Sgt. Kamarinsky
The Golden Mean (Zolotoe sechenie) on the image 2010
Stalingrad Soviet sailors mounted on a boat 2013
Battle of Sevastopol (Bitva za Sevastopol) Red Army soldiers 2015
Batalion Nikolay Auzin Lt. Nikolay Seleznev 2015
Panfilov's 28 (28 panfilovtsev) Oleg Senchenko Gavriil Mitin 2016
Kim Druzhinin Daniil Kozhebergenov
Journey's End German soldiers smooth-barrelled 2018

Television

Show Title / Episode Actor Character Note Air Date
The Adjutant of His Excellency (Adyutant ego prevoskhoditelstva) Yuriy Solomin Pavel Koltsov 1969
Angel's brigands
Born by Revolution: Hard Autumn (Rozhdyonnaya revolyutsiey: Trudnaya osen) Red soldiers and sailors Seen in documentary footage 1974
Here Lies the Border (Zdes prokhodit granitsa) Soviet border guards and volunteers Ep.1 1975
Born by Revolution: On the Night of the 20th (Rozhdyonnaya revolyutsiey: V noch na 20-e) Moscow People's Militia 1976
The Strogovs (Strogovy) White troops and Red partisans Ep.7,8 1976
Eternal Call (Vechnyy zov) - Season 1 Ivan Lapikov Pankrat Nazarov Ep.4 1976
Red Guards, White Army soldiers Ep.4,5
The Road to Calvary (Khozhdenie po mukam) Aleksandr Lazarev, Sr. Poruchik Zhadov Ep.3 1977
Valeriy Zotov Kvashnin Ep.5
Konstantin Grigoryev Chugai Ep.11
Austro-Hungarian soldier Mocked up as MG08; Ep.2
Red and White soldiers
It Was in Kokand (Eto bylo v Kokande) Otabek Ganiyev Yusup 1977
Aleksandr Denisov Likholetov
Red soldiers
The State Border: Film 1 Red Army soldiers 1980
German soldiers modified to resemble German MG08
The State Border: Film 2 Russian Border guards 1980
The Meeting at High Snows (Vstrecha u vysokikh snegov) Red Army soldiers 1981
The State Border: Film 3 Russian Border guards 1982
20th of December (20-e dekabrya) Red Guards 1982
The State Border: Film 4 Russian Border guards and Turkestan Communist fighters 1984
Fiery Roads (Ognennye dorogi) Natalya Varley Maria Kuznetsova Ep.15 1985
Red Army soldiers Ep.13,15
Confrontation (Protivostoyanie) German soldiers Visually modified to resemble MG08 1985
The State Border: Film 5 Russian Border guards on wheel mount and M-4 AA quad mount 1986
The White Guard (Belaya gvardiya) White Guard soldiers 2012

Anime

Film Title Character Note Date
Fullmetal Alchemist: Brotherhood Ishvalan resistance fighter 2009 - 2010
Suisei no Gargantia Sailors 2013


Maxim M1910/30

Russian Maxim 1910/30 machine gun - 7.62x54mmR
Russian Maxim 1910/30, post 1941 manufacture with top hatch on cooling jacket allowing it to be filled more quickly or with snow - 7.62x54mmR
Maxim M1910/30 in M-4 AA quad mounting

Film

Title Actor Character Notation Date
If War Comes Tomorrow (Esli zavtra voyna) Red Army soldiers On Sokolov mount and M-4 AA quad mounting 1938
Deep Raid (Glubokiy reid) Soviet and German soldiers M-4 AA quad mounting 1938
The Man with the Rifle (Chelovek s ruzhyom) Boris Chirkov Yevtushenko 1938
Mark Bernes Kostya Zhigilev
German soldiers, Red Guards
Mounted on armoured car and armoured train
Red Tanks (Tankisty) German soldiers Standing for MG08 1939
Commandant of the Bird Island (Komendant Ptichyego ostrova) Soviet border guard sailors On naval pivot mounting 1939
Sixty Days (Shestdesyat dney) Red Army soldiers 1940
The Girl from Leningrad (Frontovye podrugi) Soviet and Finnish soldiers 1941
Red Army soldiers M-4 AA quad mounting
Fighting Film Collection No. 4 (Boyevoy kinosbornik No. 4) Dmitri Pavlov Bakov 1941
Sergey Pozharskiy Taratora
Red Army soldiers
Fighting Film Collection No. 6 (Boyevoy kinosbornik No. 6) M-4 Quad Mounting; documentary footage 1941
Lad from Our Town (Paren iz Nashego Goroda) Red Army soldiers M-4 AA quad mounting 1942
Antosha Rybkin Red Army soldiers 1942
We Will Come Back (Sekretar raykoma) Anatoliy Alekseev Smolyak 1942
Kotovsky Imperial German soldiers 1942
Fighting Film Collection No. 8 (Boyevoy kinosbornik No. 8) Lavrenti Masokha A German officer 1942
German soldiers
Invincible (Nepobedimye) Soviet soldiers 1943
Native Shores (Rodnye berega) Soviet soldiers 1943
T-9 Submarine (Podvodnaya lodka T-9) Soviet seamen AA mounting on submarine 1943
A Good Lad (Slavnyy malyy) Soviet partisans 1943
The Marine Battalion (Morskoy batalion) Soviet infantry soldiers and marines 1944
The Last Hill (Malakhov kurgan) Nikolai Dorokhin Pvt. Sizov 1944
Moscow Skies (Nebo Moskvy) Soviet soldiers M-4 quad AA mounting 1944
The Turning Point (Velikiy perelom) Pavel Volkov Yefreytor Stepan 1945
Soviet soldiers
Victorious Return (Majup ar uzvaru) Harijs Avens Jurcins 1948
Soviet soldiers
The Star (Zvezda) Soviet soldiers 1949
The Battle of Stalingrad (Stalingradskaya bitva), Part I Soviet soldiers 1949
The Battle of Stalingrad (Stalingradskaya bitva), Part II Soviet soldiers 1949
School of Courage (Shkola muzhestva) Red and White soldiers 1954
Miles of Fire (Ognennye versty) Ivan Savkin Grigory Zavragin 1957
And Quiet Flows the Don (Tikhiy Don) Pyotr Chernov Ilya Bunchuk 1957
Russian Army soldiers, Reds and Whites
On the Other Side (Po tu storonu) Reds, Whites, anarchists 1958
1918 (Vosemnadtsatyy god) Revolutionaries, Red Army troops 1958
Gloomy Morning (Khmuroe utro) Boris Andreyev Chugai 1959
Red Army troops, Makhno's brigands, uprising workers
The Green Wagon (Zelyonyy Furgon) Red Army soldiers 1959
The Golden Eshelon (Zolotoy eshelon) Red partisans, White Army soldiers 1959
Fortress on Wheels (Krepost na kolesah) Andrei Khlebnikov Sgt. Aleksei Gogolko M-4 Quad Mounting 1960
Mikhail Pugovkin Sgt. Ivan Vozhzhov
Soviet soldiers
Spring (Kwiecien) Polish soldiers 1961
At Your Threshold (U Tvoyego Poroga) Moscow militiamen 1964
The Living and the Dead (Zhivye i Myortvye) Russian soldiers 1964
Attack and Retreat (Italiani brava gente) Soviet soldiers 1964
Cheka Employee (Sotrudnik ChK) Red Army soldiers, bandits 1964
The Hyperboloid of Engineer Garin (Giperboloid inzhenera Garina) Mounted on Soviet patrol boat 1965
No Unknown Soldiers (Net neizvestnykh soldat) Aleksandr Lukyanov The soldier 1965
Pavel Ivanov Mikhail Kravchenko
The Letter (Paket) Reds and White troops 1965
The Elusive Avengers (Neulovimye mstiteli) Bandits, Red Army soldiers 1966
And All Will Be Quiet (Potem nastapi cisza) Polish soldiers 1966
Wedding in Malinovka (Svadba v Malinovke) Red Army soldiers and brigands Mounted on tachanka cart 1967
The New Adventures of the Elusive Avengers (Novye prikluchenya Neulovimykh) White Army soldier Mounted on a patrol boat 1968
On Kiev Direction (Na kievskom napravlyenii) Soviet soldiers 1968
Remember This Day (Zapomnim etot den) Russian soldiers 1968
Liberation: The Fire Bulge Soviet soldiers 1969
Liberation: Breakthrough Soviet soldiers 1969
Shine, Shine, My Star (Gori, gori, moya zvezda) Leonid Kuravlyov Serdyuk 1969
Red Army soldiers, White Army soldies, bandits
The Flight (Beg) Red Army and White Army soldiers 1970
The Naval Mettle (Morskoy kharakter) Boris Tokarev Andrey Krotkikh 1970
Soviet Marines
About Friends-Comrades (O druzyakh-tovarishchakh) Anarchists 1970
Red Square (Krasnaya ploshchad) Stanislav Lyubshin Dmitry Amelin Mounted on armoured train 1970
Red soldiers
Mounted on Red Army armoured cars and armoured train
The End of Ataman (Konets atamana) Seen in Ablaykhanov's house 1970
Listen on the Other Side (Daisny tserguudee sonsotsgoo!) Soviet and Mongolian soldiers 1971
The Property of Republic (Dostoyanie respubliki) Oleg Tabakov Makar Mounted on tachanka cart 1971
The Hot Snow (Goryachiy Sneg) Soviet soldiers 1972
Izhora Battalion (Izhorskiy batalyon) Soviet soldiers 1972
Only Old Men Are Going to Battle (V boy idut odni "stariki") Soviet soldiers 1973
Poem of Kovpak: Alarm (Duma o Kovpake: Nabat) Valentin Belokhvostik Semyon Rudnev 1973
Soviet partisans
Soviet troops M-4 AA Quad Mounting
An Hour Before the Dawn (Za chas do rassveta) Sergei Kharchenko Taras Zhurba 1973
Aleksey Eybozhenko Stepan Suslov
Ruslan Akhmetov Sadyk Kurnabayev
In the Black Sands (V chyornykh peskakh) Nikolai Godovikov Kopylov 1973
They Fought for Their Country Russian soldiers 1975
Dozhit do rassveta Russian soldiers 1975
Front Without Flanks (Front bez flangov) Aleksandr Denisov Petty Officer Vakulenchuk 1975
Soviet soldiers
Poem of Kovpak: Snow-Storm (Duma o Kovpake: Buran) Nikolay Merzlikin Vasily Nikolayev 1975
Aleksandr Lutsenko Opanasenko
Valentin Belokhvostik Semyon Rudnev
Soviet partisans
Poem of Kovpak: Carpathians, Carpathians... (Duma o Kovpake: Karpaty, Karpaty...) Valentin Belokhvostik Semyon Rudnev 1976
Leonid Slisarenko Stepan Krymov
Partisans
Front Beyond the Front Line (Front za liniey fronta) Soviet soldiers 1977
The Ascent (Voskhozhdeniye) Soviet partisans 1977
Duty (Dolg) White troops 1977
Special Forces Detachment (Otryad osobogo naznacheniya) Soviet soldiers 1978
The End of the Emperor of the Taiga (Konets imperatora taygi) German Kachin Pavel Nikitin 1978
Solovyov's men
Country Trip of Sergeant Tsybulya (Dachnaya poezdka serzhanta Tsybuli) Soviet soldiers 1979
From the Bug to the Vistula (Ot Buga do Visly) Soviet partisans 1980
Mercedes Gets Away from the Chase ('Mersedes' ukhodit ot pogoni) Soviet soldiers Standard and M-4 AA quad 1980
Order: Don't Open Fire (Prikaz: ogon ne otkryvat) Soviet soldiers 1981
Front in the Rear of the Enemy (Front v tylu vraga) Soviet soldiers 1981
Wolmi Island North Korean soldiers 1982
Fight at the Crossroads (Boy na Perekryostke) Les Serdyuk Muksun 1982
SR rebels
The Green Wagon (Zelyonyy Furgon) Soldiers of several armies On Sokolov mount and on tripod mount 1983
Under Martial Law (Po zakonam voyennogo vremeni) Soviet soldiers M-4 AA quad mount 1983
Day of Division Commander (Den komandira divizii) Soviet soldiers 1983
Battle for Moscow Soviet soldiers On Sokolov mount and M-4 AA quad mount 1985
Come and See (Idi i smotri) Soviet partisans 1985
Snipers (Snaypery) Soviet troops 1985
The Battalions Request Fire (Batalyony prosyat ognya) Soviet soldiers 1985
Island of Lost Ships (Ostrov pogibshikh korabley) Seen on the Island 1987
Deja Vu Vladimir Golovin Mikita Nechyporuk 1988
Before Sunrise (Pered rassvetom) Soviet soldiers On Sokolov mount and twin AA mounting 1989
Valeri Ryzhakov Nikolai
Time to Kill (Tempo di uccidere) Italian troops 1989
It's We, O God! (Eto mi, Gospodi!..) Soviet soldiers 1990
General Soviet soldiers 1992
Hollow Point Russian mobsters Mounted on pickup 1996
Brother 2 Viktor Sukhorukov Viktor 2000
Enemy at the Gates Russian NKVD Troops 2001
Tae Guk Gi North Korean Soldiers 2004
Joy Division Soviet soldiers 2006
Attack on Leningrad Soviet soldiers 2007
Hitler's Kaput! (Gitler kaput!) Evelina Blendans Gestapo 'Frau' Oddo 2008
Back in Time (My iz budushchego) Red Army soldiers 2008
Dnieper Line: Love and War Soviet soldiers 2009
Soviet officer M-4 AA quad mounting
Pillbox (Dot) Stanislav Melnik Pvt. Shetikov 2009
Aleksandr Suvorov Starshina Kovsh
Andrey Isaenko Sgt. Kamarinsky
The Brest Fortress (Brestskaya Krepost) Russian soldiers 2010
Andrey Merzlikin Andrey Kizhevatov
Paradox Soldiers (My iz budushchego 2) Soviet troops 2010
Weekend Soldiers 2010
Burnt by the Sun 2 (Utomlennye solntsem 2) Soviet troops 2011
Battle of Warsaw 1920 Russian and polish troops 2011
Natasza Urbanska Ola Raniewska
My Way Red Army blocking detachment 2011
War of the Dead German soldier 2011
Stalingrad Soviet sailors mounted on a boat 2013
The Dawns Here Are Quiet (A zori zdes tikhie...) Ilya Alekseev Osyanin 2015
Battle of Sevastopol (Bitva za Sevastopol) Red Army soldiers 2015
The Lost City of Z German soldiers Anachronistic, standing for Maxim MG08 2017
The Death of Stalin NKVD soldiers 2017

Television

Show Title Actor Character Note / Episode Air Date
Stawka wieksza niz zycie Polish troops 15/ "Oblezenie" 1966-1968
Czterej pancerni i pies Soviet and Polish troops 1966-1970
Shadows Disappear at Noon (Teni ischezayut v polden) Red partisans, brigands Ep.1 1972
Born by Revolution: On the Night of the 20th (Rozhdyonnaya revolyutsiey: V noch na 20-e) Moscow People's Militia, soldiers 1976
The Strogovs (Strogovy) Anatoliy Semenov Commissar Krayukhin Ep.8 1976
White troops and Red partisans Ep.7,8
The Road to Calvary (Khozhdenie po mukam) Red and White troops 1977
Syndicate-2 (Sindikat-2) White Army soldiers 1981
The Meeting at High Snows (Vstrecha u vysokikh snegov) Red Army soldiers 1981
Long Road in the Dunes (Ilgais cels kapas) Red Army soldier Ep.4 1982
Eternal Call (Vechnyy zov) - Season 2 Soviet troops 1983
M-4 AA quad mounting; Seen in documentary footage
Ultimate Force Serbian paramilitaries Something to Do with Justice 2002
Liquidation (Likvidatsiya) Soviet soldiers 2007
The White Guard (Belaya gvardiya) Aleksey Serebryakov Col. Feliks Nay-Turs Visually modified to resemble MG08 2012
The White Guard (Belaya gvardiya) Mounted on armoured car 2012
Red Mountains (Krasnye gory) Brigand 2013
Our Mothers, Our Fathers Soviet soldiers 2013

Video games

Game Title Appears as Mods Notation Release Date
Commandos: Strike Force It has unlimited ammo 2006
Heroes & Generals M-4 Quad AA (Stationary and GAZ-AAA truck) 2016

Anime

Title Character Note Air Date
New Dream Hunter Rem: Massacre in the Phantasmic Labyrinth is seen in the Geppetto base 1992


Maxim-Tokarev

Maxim-Tokarev light machine gun - 7.62x54mm R

Maxim-Tokarev (MT or sometimes M-T) is a Soviet light machine gun, based on Maxim M1910. It was designed by Fedor Tokarev in early 1920s and put into service in 1925. MT has a perforated barrel cover instead of water jacket of original Maxim; the barrel itself was shortened. A rifle stock and a folding bipod with tubular legs replaced the spade grips and wheeled carriage. The canvas belt capacity was reduced to 100 rounds. Maxim-Tokarev satisfied Red Army only marginally so it was manufactured only in small numbers (according to various sources, about 2,400 or about 3,500). When DP-27 was produced in large numbers, MT was dismissed from service. Most of MTs was sold to Republican Spain and China.

Film

Title Actor Character Notation Date
Sniper German troops Stands for some German machine gun 1931
Black Sun: The Nanking Massacre Japanese troops Captured from Chinese troops 1995


PV-1

Nadashkevich PV-1 - 7.62x54mm R

PV-1 (Pulemyot Vozdushny, airborne machine gun) is a Soviet aircraft mounted version of Maxim M1910. It was designed in mid-1920s by Alexander Nadashkevich and put into service 1928. Unlike the base Maxim, PV-1 was air-cooled and had ROF increased to 750 rpm. About 18,000 PV-1s was manufactured in 1927-1939. PV-1 was the main weapon of many Soviet fighter planes, lile Polikarpov I-5 and I-15, and Tupolev I-4, and also mounted on reconnaissance planes Polikarpov R-5/R-Z and its ground attack variant R-5Sh. In August 1941 large stocks of PV-1s, removed from obsolete planes, were converted to triple anti-aircraft mountings, designed by Fedor Tokarev. In 1942, about 3,000 PV-1 guns were converted to infantry weapons by mounting them on the Sokolov 1910 carriage.

Film

Title Actor Character Note Date
Nail in the Boot (Gvozd v sapoge) Mounted on R-3 reconnaissance plane 1932
Squadron No. 5 (Eskadrilya No. 5) Mounted on I-15bis fighter planes 1939

Video games

Game Title Appears as Note Release Date
Heroes & Generals Mounted on R-Z reconnaissance plane 2016


Maxim M/32-33

Finnish Maxim M/32-33 - 7.62x54mmR

Maxim M/32-33 is a Finnish machine gun, based on Russian Maxim M1910. It was developed by Aimo Lahti and put into service in 1932. The rate of fire was increased to 850 rpm. A distinctive feature of M/32-33 is a snow filling cap to the water jacket that was later copied on 1941 version of Soviet Maxim M1910/30.

Specifications

  • Weight: 24 kg
  • Weight of tripod: 30 kg
  • Length: 1180 mm
  • Barrel length: 720 mm
  • Rate of Fire: 600 or 850 rpm
  • Cartridge: 7.62x54mm R
  • Ammunition: 200 round continious metallic belt

Film

Title Actor Character Notation Date
We Will Come Back (Sekretar raykoma) German troops, Soviet partisans 1942
Kotovsky Imperial German soldiers 1942
Tali-Ihantala 1944 Finnish troops 2007


Type 24 Heavy Machine Gun

Type 24 Heavy Machine Gun - 7.92x57mm Mauser

The Type 24 Heavy Machine Gun is the Chinese variant of the Maxim, and can be identified by the muzzle disk mounted on the barrel just ahead of the water jacket. Originally adopted in 1935 chambered for the 7.92x57mm Mauser, after the Chinese Civil War a variant chambered for the 7.62x54mmR Russian cartridge was developed.

Film

Title Actor Character Notation Date
The Red Detachment of Women (Hong se niang zi jun) Kuomintang troops 1961
Magnificent Warriors Michelle Yeoh Fok Ming-Ming 1987
Assembly (Ji jie hao) Gu's company Barrel is in the center of the water jacket, which appears to be incorrect 2007
Lu
John Rabe Nationalist Chinese soldiers 2009
Legend of the Fist: The Return of Chen Zhen Japanese, French and German troops 2010
Death and Glory in Changde Chinese soldiers Tripod mounted 2010
Shaolin 2011

Video games

Game Title Appears as Note Release Date
Men of Valor 2004
Shellshock Nam '67 2004
Shellshock 2: Blood Trails 2009

Maxim-Nordenfelt QF 1-pounder "Pom-Pom" gun

Maxim-Nordenfelt QF Mk II 1-pounder Pom-Pom gun at the Imperial War Museum, London - 37x94mm R

This gigantic 410-pound variant of the Maxim was originally designed in the late 1880s by Hiram Maxim himself, originally as a direct-fire infantry weapon and later as a naval quick-firing gun for attacking torpedo boats and a light antiaircraft gun. It was the first autocannon to enter service and the first AA gun to be used by many of the powers that purchased it: about 450 were produced for various clients. Due to rules regarding minimum weight for explosive ammunition designed for use against infantry, the gun had to fire a projectile weighing not less than 400 grams (0.88 pounds): the final 37mm design fired a 1-pound projectile, hence the name: the nickname of "pom-pom" gun was originated by South Africans due to the slow, drumbeat-like rate of fire. Earlier versions were marked Maxim-Nordenfelt, while later British production versions were instead marked as Vickers, Sons & Maxim (VSM) after Vickers bought out Maxim-Nordenfelt in 1897.

These weapons could penetrate an inch of cast iron plate at 100 yards in the ground role, and proved extremely effective against early aircraft: however, they were practically useless against Zeppelins, since the rounds they fired were delay-impact-detonated and so would have to hit the steel frame of the airship or they would simply pass straight through it. Towards the end of WW1 they started to be replaced in British service by even more scaled-up Maxims, first by the 37mm QF 1.5 pounder and then by the much more powerful 40mm 2-pounder. Despite the latter quickly becoming technically obsolete due to low muzzle velocity and lack of a tracer round, it continued to be used on Royal Navy ships throughout WW2.

In German use it was known as the Maxim Flak M14 and produced locally by Deutsche Waffen und Munitionsfabriken, while the US Navy adopted it as the 1-pounder Mark 6.

Specifications

(1890s-1918)

  • Type: Autocannon
  • Caliber(s): 37x94mmR (1.457in) 1-pound Common Shell
  • Weight: 410 lbs (186 kg) (gun + mount, empty with water jacket and hydraulic buffer filled), 97 lbs (44 kg) (gun alone, naval variant with no bottom plate)
  • Length: 6ft 1in (1.85m)
  • Barrel length(s): 3ft 7in (1.09m)
  • Capacity: Various feeding mechanisms
  • Fire Modes: Auto, 300rpm

Video games

Game Title Appears as Note Release Date
Battlefield: 1918 2004
Assassin's Creed Syndicate 2015
Battlefield 1 2016





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