M1938 Mortar

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Soviet 120-mm regimental mortar M1938 on wheeled carriage

120mm M1938 Regimental Mortar (known also as PM-38 and 120-PM-38, the index "PM" means "polkovoy minomet" - the mortar for regimental service) is a Soviet mortar, designed by B.I.Shavyrin design bureau and accepted into service in February 1939. A simplified version was created in 1941 (120-PM-41, M1941), and an improved version - in 1943 (120-PM-43, M1943). Nazi Germany produced a nearly direct copy of PM-38 as 12cm Granatwerfer 42; captured Soviet mortars were also issued into service by Finnish and Romanian armies. In post-WW2 era M1943 mortar was used by Soviet Army and widely supplied abroad.

Contents

Specifications

(1939 - 1943 (M1938), 1943 - ???? (M1943))

Type: Heavy mortar

Calibre: 120 mm (4.72 in)

Weight: 282 kg (621.7 lb) (on position), 557 kg (1228 lb) (on two-wheeled limber)

Barrel length: 1.86 m (6 ft 1 in)

Rate of fire: 15 rpm

Muzzle velocity: 272 m/s (890 ft/s)

Maximum range: 5,700 m (6,233 yd)

Shell: 16 kg (35 lb)


The M1938 and M1943 Mortar and variants can be seen in the following films, television series, video games, and anime used by the following actors:

Film

Title Actor Character Notation Date
The Last Hill (Malakhov kurgan) Soviet troops 1944
Retribution (Vozmezdie) Soviet troops 1967
The Shield and the Sword (Shchit i mech) Soviet troops 1968
Fit for Non-Combatant Duty (Goden k nestroevoy) Soviet soldiers 1968
Steal the Sky Iraqi troops Probably M1943 1988
Cargo 300 (Gruz 300) Afghan mujaheddins M1943 1989

Television

Title Actor Character Notation Date
Omega Option (Variant "Omega") Soviet soldiers Seen in documentary footage; early M1938 1975

Video Game

Game Title Appears as Note Release Date
Company of Heroes 2 2013



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