Lorenz Rifle

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Lorenz Infanteriegewehr M1854 - .54 Caliber
Lorenz 1854 Special Short Rifle - .54 Caliber

The Lorenz Rifle was developed by Austrian Lieutenant Joseph Lorenz and given to production in 1854. It was used in the Second Italian War of Independence (1859) and was later used in the Balkans. In addition to the Enfield Pattern 1853, it was one of the most important weapons during the American Civil War from 1861 to 1865. The Confederate Government ordered over 100,000 of these muskets while the Union had over 300,000 Austrian weapons, most of them Lorenz Muskets. They were sturdy, durable, and extremely precise, but succumbed in the Austro-Prussian War of 1866 to the technical novelty of J. N. v. Dreyse's Needle Gun and the equally novel infantry tactics of Field Marshal Moltke.

After 1866, many Lorenz muskets were converted into breechloading Wänzl Rifles by the Austrians. The Prussians did the same with their captured rifles and converted them to the Dreyse Zündnadelkarabiner M/57 carbines ( also known as the Zündnadelgewehr Ö/M).

Contents


Specifications

  • Weight: 9 lb (4.1kg)
  • Length: 53 in (1,350 mm)
  • Barrel length: 37.5 in (952.5 mm)
  • Cartridge: none
  • Caliber: .54, .58 (Confederate States of America conversion)
  • Action: Percussion

The Lorenz Rifle has appeared in the following films and television series being used by the following actors:

Film

Show Title Actor Character Note Air Date
Hussar Ballad (Gusarskaya ballada) Nikolai Kryuchkov Ivan Dornstutzen M1854 Carbine 1962
Yuri Belov Russian officer
The Hills Run Red Hung on the wall Special Short Rifle 1966
The Sovereign's Servant (Sluga Gosudarev) Russian soldiers Mocked as flintlock musket 1967
Ludwig II Bavarian soldiers M1854/58 2012

Television

Show Title Actor Character Note / Episode Air Date
Famous Brigands Stories: Šobri Jožka Austrian hussars Special Short Rifle / 2nd episode 1986
Famous Brigands Stories: Convict Salvador French gendarmes Special Short Rifle / 6th episode 1986
1864 Danish soldier 2014


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