Kentucky Flintlock Rifle

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Kentucky Rifle - .36 caliber.
Pennsylvania Rifle - .40 caliber
Kentucky Plains Flintlock Musket

The Kentucky rifle, sometimes also known as the "Long Rifle" or "Pennsylvania Rifle" is famously known as the first American-made long-arm with a rifled barrel, featuring lands and grooves causing the bullet to spin as it leaves the gun, making it far more accurate than the smoothbore muskets of the time, including the British Brown Bess Flintlock Musket.

The Pennsylvania or "Kentucky" rifle was perfected by dozens of gunsmith shops large and small centered around Lancaster County, Pennsylvania, and was popular with the American pioneers venturing into the land called Kentucky over the Appalachian Mountains in the late 1700s and early 1800s.<ref>Joe Kindig, Jr., "Thoughts on the Kentucky Rifle in It's Golden Age", Nyatt 1960, Shumway 1964, Bonanza, LCC 61-23719.</ref> In the newly settled over-mountain areas local copies such as the Tennessee Poor Boy were made by gunsmiths and blacksmiths.

The colonists during the Revolutionary War favored Kentucky Rifles since they had used them for hunting and when fighting the British, they definitely knew how to use them. The gun is also well known as being the first true sniper rifle, based on how an experienced marksman could shoot a redcoat off his horse at up to 250 yards. The gun was used all the way up to the War of 1812 before the Scottish Percussion design slowly phased the flintlock design out. Some Percussion models of the rifle were made, but by that time the rifling had become so common, the gun became obsolete as a frontline weapon after the Mexican American War.

Specifications

  • Weight: Variable
  • Length: over 65 in.
  • Barrel length: 35 in. (889 mm), to over 48 in. (1220 mm)
  • Cartridge: none
  • Caliber: 0.500 in, approximately, .36 cal to .45 cal also were common
  • Action: Flintlock
  • Rate of fire: User dependent, Usually 1+ rounds a minute
  • Muzzle velocity: Variable
  • Effective range: Variable, 80 to 100 yards typical, to well over 250 yards by an experienced user
  • Feed system: Muzzle loaded

The Kentucky Flintlock Rifle and variants can be seen in the following films, television series, video games, and anime used by the following actors:

Contents


Film

Title Actor Character Note Date
Sergeant York Gary Cooper Alvin C. York 1941
Sergeant York Dickie Moore George York 1941
Sergeant York Ward Bond Buck Lipscomb 1941
Comanche Territory Stacey´s men 1950
The Witch (Noita palaa elämään) can be seen hanged on the wall of Baron's castle 1952
Davy Crockett: King of the Wild Frontier Fess Parker 1954
The Alamo John Wayne Davy Crockett 1960
The Alamo Alamo defenders 1960
How the West Was Won Jimmy Stewart Linus Rawlings 1962
Ten Little Indians Seen on the gun rack 1965
The Russians Are Coming, The Russians Are Coming A townsman 1966
Bad Company A trapper 1972
The Headless Horseman Seen in Maurice Gerald's house 1973
Apaches (Apachen) Milan Bosiljcic Johnson Percussion cap variant 1973
The Big Sleep mounted on the wall 1978
Police Academy Seen on Lt. Harris' gun wall 1984
Revolution Al Pacino Tom Dobb 1985
Revolution Graham Greene Ongwata 1985
Revolution Dexter Fletcher Ned Dobb 1985
Pale Rider A townsman 1985
The Naked Gun: From the Files of Police Squad! Ricardo Montalban Vincent Ludwig 1988
The Naked Gun 2 1/2: The Smell of Fear Trappers 1991
The Last of the Mohicans Daniel Day-Lewis Nathaniel "Hawkeye" Poe 1992
Tombstone A townsman 1993
Maverick Paul L. Smith Russian Grand Duke 1994
Maverick Graham Greene Joseph 1994
Kidnapped Jonathan Ryan Hamish MacDonald Plains Flintlock Musket 1995
Kidnapped Armand Assante Alan Breck Stewart Plains Flintlock Musket 1995
Kidnapped David Kelly Angus the gunsmith Plains Flintlock Musket 1995
Tom and Huck Eric Schweig Injun Joe 1995
Tom and Huck Lanny Flaherty Emmett 1995
Forest Warrior Chuck Norris John McKenna 1996
Almost Heroes Chris Farley Bartholomew Hunt 1998
The Patriot Mel Gibson Benjamin Martin 2000
The Patriot Trevor Morgan Nathan Martin 2000
The Patriot Chris Cooper Col. Harry Burwell 2000
The Patriot Leon Rippy John Billings 2000
The Patriot Donal Logue Dan Scott 2000
The Patriot Hank Stone Rollins 2000
Wonderland Val Kilmer John Holmes 2003
The Alamo Billy Bob Thornton David Crockett 2004
Tremors 4: The Legend Begins Seen on Christine Lord's gun wall 2004
The Brothers Grimm A villager 2005
Life of Crime Seen in Richard's collection 2013
Mad Max: Fury Road Gillian Jones Vuvalini woman Traditions Kentucky Rifle 2015
Mad Max: Fury Road Joy Smithers Vuvalini woman Traditions Kentucky Rifle 2015
Mad Max: Fury Road Antoinette Kellermann Vuvalini woman Traditions Kentucky Rifle 2015
The Revenant Leonardo DiCaprio Hugh Glass Pennsylvania Flintlock Rifle 2016
The Revenant Tom Hardy John Fitzgerald Pennsylvania Flintlock Rifle 2016

Television

Title Actor Character Note / Episode Air Date
Amazing Stories Kelly Reno Alamo Jobe "Alamo Jobe" (S1E03) 1985
Black Fox Christopher Reeve Alan Johnson Episode 01 "Pilot" 1995
The Unit Michael Irby Sgt. Charles Grey "Sacrifice" (S4E1) 2008
Mail Call R. Lee "Gunny" Ermey 2002-2009
Top Shot - Season 1 2010

Video Games

Game Title Appears as Mods Notation Release Date
Trophy Hunter 2003: Legendary Hunting "Old Smokley" 2002

Anime

Film/Television Title Character Notation Date
Amagi Brilliant Park Isuzu Sento 2014





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