Chassepot 1866

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Chassepot Fusil modèle 1866 - 11 mm.
German Modified Chassepot Carbine 1871 - 11x60mm
Chassepot 1866/74 - 11x59mmR.

The Chassepot 1866 (pronounced "Shaspou") is a French bolt-action, single-shot rifle, using paper cartridges with black powder. This rifle was used by various countries, including France, Monaco, the Tokugawa shogunate (Japan) and Qajar Dynasty (Iran). The French Army adopted this rifle as Fusil Mle 1866 and used it as their main infantry weapon in the Franco-Prussian War of 1870/1871, where it was the counterpart to the Prussian Dreyse Needle Gun. Chassepot rifles were manufactured in France by Manufacture d'armes de Saint-Étienne (MAS), Manufacture d'Armes de Châtellerault (MAC), Manufacture d'Armes de Tulle (MAT) and some other factories, and also abroad in England, Belgium, and Italy.

When the Chassepot rifle was replaced by the Gras Mle 1874, numerous Chassepots were converted to use the 11x59mmR Gras ammunition; this model was known as the Fusil Mle 1866/74. Similar conversions were made in Germany that received many Chassepot rifles captured during the Franco-Prussian war. About 150,000 rifle were converted to using the 11x60mmR Mauser cartridge and shortened to carbine size. German cavalry and artillery used them until the early 1880s.

Contents

Specifications

  • In service: (1867–1874)
  • Weight: 10.2 lbs (4.6 kg)
  • Length: 51.6 in (131 cm) (without bayonet)
    74 in (188 cm) (with bayonet)
  • Caliber: 11 mm
  • Action: Bolt action
  • Rate of fire: 8-15 rounds/minute
  • Effective range: 1,312.336 yards (1,200 m)
  • Feed system: Single-shot

The Chassepot 1866 and variants can be seen in the following films, television series, video games, and anime used by the following actors:

Films

Title Actor Character Note Date
Jánošík Soldiers with yataghan bayonets 1921
Westfront 1918 French soldiers 1930
Hell on Earth Georges Péclet Charles Durand 1931
Louis Douglas Joe Smile
Angel and Sinner French and Prussian soldiers 1945
The Captain from Köpenick Werner Schumacher German Corporal 1956
Balduin Baas East Prussian grenadier
Joe Kidd on the table of broken guns 1972
The Leopard (Il gattopardo) Garibaldi's volunteers 1963
Chitty Chitty Bang Bang Vulgarian soldiers 1968
Prairie Hunters in Mexico (Präriejäger in Mexiko) Mexican and French soldiers 1988

Video Game

Game Title Appears as Note Release Date
Total War: Shogun 2 — Fall of the Samurai 2011

Gras Model 1874

Gras Mle 1874 - 11 x 59mm Gras.
Gras Mle 1874 M80 with Mle 1874 sword bayonet - 11 x 59mm Gras.
Gras Mle 1874 M80 M14 - 8x50mmR.

The Gras Mle 1874 (pronounced "Grah") rifle is an adaptation of the Chassepot rifle to a metal cartridge developed by Basile Gras. The Bavarian Werder-Gewehr M/1869 was a comparable development. In 1880, the Gras got a a slight modification of the receiver through a groove, and the cylinder head (extension of the notch in addition to the bleeding of the case) are better subjected to protect the shooter from breakage of holster and exhaust fumes. This model was designated as Gras Mle 1874 M80. The weapon gained an excellent reputation for ruggedness and ballistic efficiency during overseas expeditions this time. The Japanese Murata Rifle was inspired by the Gras rifle and the Greek Army was introduced to the Gras Mle 1874 in 1877 and used it in all conflicts until the Second World War. It became the favorite weapon of partisans from the revolts against the Ottoman Empire to resistance to the German occupation and gained a legendary reputation.

Reasons for the relatively quick replacement of this rifle (in France by the Lebel 1886) was the result of the discovery of new powder types that are superior to black powder. But in 1914, the rifle was converted to the 8mm Lebel cartridge because of firearm shortages in World War I. These models were equipped by troops who were not destined to fight at the front with a weapon using standard ammunition, thus simplifying the manufacture and logistics.

Specifications

  • In service: (1874–1886,1914-1918)
  • Weight: 4.15 kg (9.15 lb)
  • Length: 51.4 in (130.5 cm)
  • Caliber: 11×59mmR, 8x50mmR
  • Action: Bolt action
  • Rate of fire: ?
  • Effective range: ?
  • Feed system: Single-shot


The Gras Model 1874 and variants can be seen in the following films, television series, video games, and anime used by the following actors:

Films

Title Actor Character Note Date
The Heart of Humanity German soldiers 1918
The New Babylon Pyotr Sobolevsky Jean standing for Chassepot 1866 1929
French soldiers
The Paris Commune (Zori Parizha) Antonina Maksimova Catherine Millard standing for Chassepot 1866 1936
Andrei Abrikosov Etienne Millard
Dmitri Dorlyak Eugene Gorrot
Vladimir Belokurov Raoul Rigault
Anatoliy Goryunov Richet
Communards, National Guardsmen, French Army soldiers
Gavroche Republicans anachronistic 1937
Lenin in October (Lenin v oktyabre) Red Guards 1937
Paths of Glory French soldiers 1957
The Goose of Sedan Jean Richard Léon Riffard standing for Chassepot 1866 1959
Hardy Krüger Fritz Brösicke
Mata Hari, Agent H21 French soldiers 1964
Two Mules for Sister Sara French soldiers standing for Chassepot 1866 1970
A Captain's Honor (L'Honneur d'un capitaine) Converted shotgun 1982
Field of Honor Cris Campion Pierre Naboulet standing for Chassepot 1866 1987
Algerian, Turkish, French troops
The Lost City of Z Charlie Hunnam Percy Fawcett 2017
Robert Pattinson Henry Costin

Television

Title Actor Character Note Date
Data Tutashkhia Vladimer Bregvadze Jonjolia Ep.5 1977



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