Gettysburg

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Gettysburg
Gettysburg.jpg
DVD cover
Country Flag of the United States.jpg United States
Directed by Ronald F. Maxwell
Release Date 1993
Language English
Studio Turner Pictures
Distributor New Line Cinema
Main Cast
Character Actor
James Longstreet
Tom Berenger
Robert E. Lee Martin Sheen
Joshua Chamberlain Jeff Daniels



Gettysburg is the 1993 war drama that depicts the events of the pivotal Battle of Gettysburg during the American Civil War. For the massive battle scenes, the production employed Civil War reenactors who provided their own kit, allowing the shooting of the scenes on a relatively modest budget, and making the uniforms and weapons seen remarkably accurate for the period. First airing as a two night event on the TNT network, Gettysburg was subsequently released on video as a four hour feature length film. Several characters from this film would return in the 2003 feature film prequel, Gods and Generals. Gettysburg is based on the novel The Killer Angels by Michael Shaara (whose son Jeff wrote the Gods and Generals novel).



The following weapons were used in the film Gettysburg:

Contents


Rifles

Enfield 1853

The most commonly seen weapon in the film is the Enfield Pattern 1853, carried by Union and Confederate troops, often in the same unit as Springfields. Although this was common in the Confederate Army, the Union issued Enfields and Springfields separately to simplify logistics.
-Actually, 36% of Union regiments at Gettysburg were armed with two or more types of weapons. For example, the 20th Maine had a mixture of Springfields, Enfields, and Austrian Lorenz rifles. In fact, at the time (and even more so after Gettysburg), the Confederate Army of Northern Virginia was more efficient in standardizing specific weapon calibers on a regimental level than the Union Army of the Potomac.

Enfield Pattern 1853 - .577 Minie ball
A view of marching soldiers' rifles, most of which are Enfields.
A Confederate soldier aims his Enfield.
Sgt. "Buster" Kilrain (Kevin Conway) aims his musket.

Springfield Model 1842

Several soldiers in the 20th and Armistead's Brigade are seen with Springfield Model 1842 muskets. Although this was a outdated weapon by 1863, several regiments at Gettysburg were still carrying Model 1842 muskets, most notably the 12th New Jersey and the Irish Brigade.

Springfield Model 1842 - .69 smoothbore
A Confederate soldier's Model 1842 Musket can be seen.

Springfield Model 1861

Both Union and Confederate soldiers use Springfield Model 1861 rifles throughout the film.

Springfield 1861 - .58 caliber minie ball.
A view of marching soldier's rifles.
Confederate soldiers marching through Cashtown.
Soldiers of Picket's division just before the famous charge on July 3rd.
A Confederate soldier aims his Springfield

Remington 1863 Zouave Rifle

At least one Confederate soldier can be seen armed with a Remington 1863 Zouave rifle. This is historically inaccurate: though 20,000 Remington Zouave rifles were produced, none were ever issued. They simply sat in storage until reenacting caught on, in the days before reproductions were widely available and affordable.

Remington 1863 Zouave Rifle - .58 Minie ball
A Confederate soldier is seen advancing up Little Round Top with a Remington Zouave - notice the two barrel bands and brass patchbox.

Sharps 1859 Carbine

Buford's Union cavalry use Sharps 1859 carbines along with Springfields (used by extras in infantry uniforms, suggesting not enough cavalry reenactors were available). Other than that, the Sharps are never seen in the movie again.

Sharps Model 1859 - .54 caliber
A Union cavalryman fires his Sharps carbine

Berdan Sharps 1859 Rifle

A detachment from the 1st US Sharpshooters, attached to the 20th Maine, can be seen carrying their distinctive Berdan model Sharps Rifles.

Berdan Sharps 1859 - .54 caliber
A green-uniformed Union soldier from the 1st Sharpshooters fires his Berdan Sharps rifle

Whitworth Rifle

A Confederate sniper uses a scoped Whitworth Rifle to kill Union General Reynolds during the battle. The British-made Whitworth was considered the most accurate muzzle-loader available during the Civil War and prized by Confederate sharpshooters.

Reproduction Whitworth military rifle - .451 percussion
Gettys2002.jpg

M1841 Mississippi Musket

A least one Confederate soldier is seen with a M1841 Mississippi Musket before Pickett's Charge.

M1841 Mississippi rifle - .58 Minie ball
The soldier on the left next to Robert E. Lee (Martin Sheen) holds a Mississippi Musket.

Revolvers

Colt 1851 Navy

Several Union and Confederate officers, including Thomas Chamberlain (C. Thomas Howell), use Colt 1851 Navy revolvers.

Colt 1851 Navy .36 caliber.
Thomas Chamberlain (C. Thomas Howell) fires his Colt 1851 Navy revolver.
.

Colt 1860 Army

Several Union officers use Colt 1860 Army revolvers. Joshua Chamberlain (Jeff Daniels) uses a Colt 1860 most notably at the Battle of Little Round Top. Joshua is seen reloading his Colt while waiting for the Confederates to charge again. Several other Union officers are seen using Colt 1860 Army's.

Colt 1860 Army .44 caliber.
Colonel Chamberlain with his Colt. The original scene shows Chamberlain, (as opposed to actually reloading his weapon), fumbling his weapon as a means to demonstrate that his weapon is unable to fire as a way to introduce a scenario where he is unable to fire his weapon to save his brother (Tom Chamberlain, (C. Thomas Howell.

Kerr Revolver

The Confederate Captain who almost shoots Joshua Chamberlain carries a British Kerr revolver, small numbers of which were imported by the Confederacy. Though this incident did occur, Chamberlain specifically stated in his memoirs that the Confederate carried a Navy revolver. Chamberlain has this to say about the incident in his memoirs:

"...I remember that, as we struck the enemy's onrushing lines, I was confronted by an officer, also in front of his line, who fired one shot of his revolver at my head within six feet of me. When, in an instant, the point of my sabre was at his throat, he quickly presented me with both his pistol and his sword, which I have preserved as memorials of my narrow escape... "

Kerr's Patent revolver - .44 caliber
A Confederate Captain with Kerr revolver

Remington 1858

A Union officer is seen firing a Remington 1858 New Army revolver immediately prior to the Little Round Top battle.

Remington 1858 New Model Army - .44 percussion
A Union officer fires his Remington 1858 revolver

Unknown revolver

Captain Thomas J. Goree (Ivan Kane) is briefly seen with a white handled revolver.

Goree is thrown off his horse and his holster opens revealing his revolver in a brief scene.

Cannon

Cannons are used in every battle scene, taking out several soldiers with each shot.

Confederate soldiers take a point blank shot from a Union 10-Pounder Parrott Rifle.
Closeup of a Union 12-pounder Napoleon.
Confederate battery consisting of two Napoleons and one Parrot Rifle.


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