Doctor Zhivago is the 1965 adaptation of Boris Pasternak's Nobel Prize-winning novel of the same name directed by David Lean and starring Omar Sharif, Julie Christie, Geraldine Chapman, Rod Steiger, Tom Courtenay, and Alec Guinness. Filming in the Soviet Union was out of the question, as it was the middle of the Cold War and the Soviets hadn't even allowed Pasternak's novel to be published (it was published in Italy after being smuggled out,) so filming was done in Spain, Finland, and Canada. The film wasn't shown in Russia until after the fall of Communism. The film was nominated for ten Academy Awards, but only won five, including Best Adapted Screenplay and Best Score.
The following weapons were used in the film Doctor Zhivago:
When his peaceful demonstration is attacked by Cossacks, Pasha (Tom Courtenay) picks up a Spanish copy of the Smith & Wesson .44 Double Action, the Garate .455 Revolver, later giving it to Lara (Julie Christie) to hide. Lara uses it herself. Red Partisan leader Liberius (Gérard Tichy) appears to be equipped with one as well.
Mosin Nagant M1891 Rifles
Some Russian soldiers like Pasha are seen with Mosin Nagant M91/30 rifles. These rifles are anachronistic, as the modified M91/30 design wasn't introduced until 1930. Most of the film was shot in Spain, which had supplies of M91 and M91/30 rifles sent by the Soviet Union as war aid to the Republicans during the Spanish Civil War.
1893 Spanish Mauser rifles
Since the film was mostly shot in Spain, most extras are equipped with 1893 Spanish Mauser rifles in the large crowd scenes. The socket spike bayonets came from modifying the socket spike bayonets from Remington Rolling Block rifles which were adopted by the Spanish military in 1871.
Maxim M1910 machine guns are used by Russian soldiers.
A Russian Tsarist Officer fires a Belgian Nagant M1878 to get his soldiers' attention.
Strelnikov's armored train is equipped with two cannons, most likely mockups.