The name CETME is an acronym for Centro de Estudios Técnicos de Materiales Especiales, a Spanish government design and development establishment. The CETME rifle, which was initially trialed with other calibers, but eventually chambered for 7.62x51mm NATO caliber, was designed primarily by the German engineer, Ludwig Vorgrimmler, who based his model on a late WWII German prototype assault rifle, the experimental StG45(M).
Manufactured in Spain from 1957, the CETME served as a blueprint for the German Heckler & Koch G3 series of battle rifles. The CETME features roller-delayed blowback operation, which it shares with many German weapons. The CETME rifle was manufactured in three models, the A, B, and C. The primary difference in the three models is the absence of bipod and less weight C model, with more wood. In the 1980s CETME developed the CETME Model L which was a "light" modern 5.56 NATO assault rifle with composite materials, which was derived from the earlier A, B and C rifles sharing the same roller-delayed blowback action.
The easiest way to determine a Spanish CETME apart from one of its H&K cousins is by looking at the fixed rear sight (whereas the H&K family generally use the rotary "spindle" or "barrel" type peep-sights.). Some older magazines are slightly curved, but many CETME magazines look almost identical to H&K ones; also the wooden stock is usually indicative of a CETME, however there are some H&K G3/91's with wooden furniture stock sets.
The Spanish CETME has been used by the following actors in the following films and video games:
|Cuba||Seen in firing port of armoured car||Unclear model||1979|
|Hell of the Living Dead||SWAT team||Model B||1980|
|Revenge of the Ninja||Caifano's henchman||Model B||1983|
|Universal Soldier||Terrorists||Model BtC||1992|
|23-F||Spanish Guardia Civil and Army||Model C||2011|
|The Cold Light of Day||Roschdy Zem||Zahir||Model C, with a scope and suppressor||2012|
|Game Title||Mods||Notations||Release Date|
|Ace Combat: Assault Horizon||.||Seen in cutscenes, non-playable||2011|