Ay, Carmela!

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¡Ay, Carmela!
Ay Carmela Poster.jpg
Theatrical release poster
Country ESP.jpg Spain
ITA.jpg Italy
Directed by Carlos Saura
Release Date 1990
Language Spanish
Polish
Italian
Studio Iberoamericana Films
Televisión Española
Ellepi Films
Distributor Prestige Films
Main Cast
Character Actor
Carmela Carmen Maura
Paulino Andrés Pajares
Gustavete Gabino Diego
Teniente (Lt.) Ripamonte Mauricio De Razza
Nationalist Captain José Sancho
Polish soldier of the International Brigade Edward Zentara


¡Ay, Carmela! (internationally released under the original title, with or without the inverted exclamation mark in the beginning) is a 1990 Spanish drama directed by Carlos Saura and based on the theater play by Jose Sanchis Sinisterra. The plot depicts the story of a trio of travelling vaudeville performers during the Spanish Civil War - singer and dancer Carmela (Carmen Maura), her husband, comedian Paulino (Andrés Pajares), and their mute assistant Gustavete (Gabino Diego). The trio gives performances for the Republican troops but are captured by Nationalist forces after inadvertently entering Nationalist-controlled territory. The price of their life and freedom is a show that mocks the Republic. Paulino readily agrees, but for Carmela, it would be a betrayal of ideals.

The film was the winner of the 1990 Goya Awards in 13 categories, including Best Film, Best Director, Best Actor, and Best Actress.


The following weapons were used in the film ¡Ay, Carmela!:

Contents


Pistols

Astra 600

A Nationalist artillery Captain (José Sancho) in charge of the unit that detains the performers carries an Astra 600 pistol. In the final scene, a Nationalist officer draws and fires an Astra 600 pistol.

Astra 600 - 9x19mm.
Ay Carmela-Astra-1a.jpg
The Captain draws his Astra.
An officer draws his pistol in the final scene.
Another view of the pistol.

Star Model B

A Nationalist artillery Alférez (Ensign rank) (Antonio Fuentes) carries a Star Model B pistol. A Star pistol is also seen in hands of a Nationalist official who chooses Republican POWs for execution.

Star Model B Pistol, blued finish - 9x19mm
Ay Carmela-Star-1.jpg
The officer aims at Gustavete.
Another view of the same scene.
The barrel of the pistol is seen when the officer finds the Republican flag among the belongings of the performers.
A Nationalist official holds a Star pistol.

Beretta M1934

Italian Teniente (Lt.) Ripamonte (Mauricio De Razza) and some other officers and NCOs carry Beretta M1934 pistols in holsters.

Beretta M1934 - .380 ACP
An Italian NCO carries a Beretta 1934 in holster. The grip with the spur on the magazine can be seen.
Teniente Ripamonte carries a Beretta holster.

Submachine Guns

Bergmann MP35/I

A Nationalist Cabo (Corporal rank) Cardoso (Emilio del Valle) carries a Bergmann MP35/I submachine gun.

Bergmann MP35/I right side - 9x19mm
The Cabo carries the MP35.
Another view of the submachine gun.

Haenel MP28/II

An Italian soldier who escorts the performers carries a Haenel MP28/II submachine gun.

Haenel MP28/II - 9x19mm
Ay Carmela-MP28-1.jpg
The Italian soldier carries the MP28.
The buttstock is seen.
The MP28 on a table.

Rifles

Spanish Mauser M1893

Many Republicans and Nationalists are armed with Spanish Mauser M1893 rifles. Some rifles used by Nationalist soldiers are fitted with Modelo 1913 bayonets that were adopted for M1916 short rifles (the bayonet Modelo 1893 for the M93 rifle has a 10-inch blade while the Modelo 1913 has a 15.6-inch blade).

1893 Spanish Mauser - 7x57mm Mauser
Several of the Republicans watching the performance hold Mauser M1893 rifles. The rifle in the hands of a female soldier at the left lacks the cleaning rod.
A closer view of the barrel of Mauser M1893 in the same scene.
One more rifle in the hands of a Republican.
Paulino (Andrés Pajares) holds a Mauser M1893 during the performance. The same scene is seen on the film poster, with the rifle in full size.
A Nationalist soldier at the right carries a Mauser M1893 with M1913 bayonet.
Soldiers with M1893 rifles with bayonets escort the arrested performers. The straight bolt handle is seen.
Nationalist soldiers with M1893 rifles.
A Requeté (member of a Navarrese royalist militant organization), wearing a signature red beret, holds an M1893 rifle.
A Requeté escorts an arrested Communist mayor of the town.
Nationalist soldiers escort Republican POWs, soldiers of the International Brigades. The grip of a M1913 bayonet is seen.

Garate El Tigre

Several Garate El Tigre lever action rifles are seen in the hands of Republicans.

Garate El Tigre - .44-40 WCF
A female Republican holds an El Tirge rifle.
One of the two men who close the curtain holds an El Tigre rifle.
A Republican brandishes the rifle. The lever is seen.
A Republican in center brandishes the rifle.

Shotguns

Double Barreled Shotgun

Some Republicans are armed with Double Barreled Shotguns.

One of the Republicans watching Carmela's dance holds a double barreled shotgun.
Another Republican with a shotgun in the same scene.
Republicans brandish their guns, greeting Carmela. A double barreled shotgun is seen in center.

Single Barreled Shotgun

Some Republicans are armed with Single Barreled Shotguns.

A single barreled shotgun (or maybe a small caliber hunting rifle) is seen in the hands of a Republican.

Machine Guns

Maxim MG08

A Republican Maxim MG08 is seen during the opening credits.

Maxim MG08 on Schlittenlafette 08 mount - 7.92x57mm Mauser
An MG08 on position.

Maxim M1910 or M1910/30

A Maxim M1910 or M1910/30 is seen in the Republican barracks.

Maxim M1910 with 'Sokolov' wheel mount, w/o shield - 7.62x54mmR
A Maxim on a Sokolov mount is seen near the door.

Hotchkiss Mle 1914

A Tiznao armored car is armed with a Hotchkiss Mle 1914 machine gun in the turret (the Spanish version of the Hotchkiss is known as the Modelo 24). In one scene, Requetés carry a Hotchkiss.

Hotchkiss M1914 with tripod - 8x50mmR Lebel / 7.92x57mm Mauser / 11mm Gras
The Hotchkiss is mounted on the Tiznao armored car.
Ay Carmela-Hotchkiss-1.jpg
A Requeté carries the body of the Hotchkiss machine gun. The Spanish version of the Hotchkiss has a shoulder rest instead of a spade grip that is common for the French model.

Hotchkiss M1922

One of the Republicans watching the show in the opening scene holds a light machine gun. Only the large conical flash hider on the barrel is seen. Judging by the position of the front sight at the base of the flash hider, the machine gun can be identified as a Hotchkiss M1922. Among the machine guns that were used in the Spanish Civil War, a similar conical flash hider can also be seen on the Degtyaryov DP-27 and Breda Modello 30, but both have differently placed front sights.

Hotchkiss M1922 magazine-fed version. The locally produced Spanish model was chambered in 7x57mm Mauser.
The barrel with the flash hider is seen. The front sight is located at the base of the flash hider.
Another view of the barrel.

Trivia

Tiznao armored car

A replica of a Tiznao armored car of Republican troops is seen in the opening scene (Tiznao is a general term for improvised armored trucks and buses of the Spanish Civil War). It is fitted with a turret containing a Hotchkiss Mle 1914 machine gun.

Ay Carmela-Tiznao-1.jpg

T-26

A Nationalist T-26 tank is seen in the recently taken town. More then 280 T-26s were supplied to the Spanish Republic from the USSR, and many of them were captured by Nationalists during the late part of the war. The tank is a T-26 mod. 1933, armed with a 45mm 20-K main gun and a Degtyaryov DT machine gun. The surviving tanks in post-war Spain had their DTs replaced with Hotchkiss machine guns, so the screen vehicle is most likely one of many T-26s preserved in Spanish museums and may also be armed with a Hotchkiss.

A T-26 is seen on the street.
A frontal view of the T-26. The coaxial machine gun is seen, but it's impossible to identify the model: DT, Hotchkiss, or even a mere mockup.

Artillery

Nationalist artillery on march in the misty morning. The artillery piece is a field gun about 75mm in caliber.


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