Enemy at the Gates

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Enemy at the Gates (2001) The theatrical movie poster with the "infamous" reversed image of a Mosin Nagant M91/30 Sniper Rifle.

Enemy at the Gates is a 2001 World War II film directed by Jean-Jacques Annaud. Jude Law stars in the film as Vassili Zaitsev, an ordinary Russian soldier who became a legend for his feats as a sniper fighting during the battle of Stalingrad. Ed Harris co-stars in the film as German intelligence officer Major König, an expert sniper tasked to eliminate Zaitsev. The cast also includes Joseph Fiennes and Rachel Weisz. The film is notable for being one of the few modern English language films to depict the Eastern Front of the war.

The following weapons were used in the film Enemy at the Gates:



Soviet Army Weapons

Rifles / Carbines

Mosin Nagant M91/30 Sniper Rifle

Vasily Zaitsev (Jude Law) uses the sniper variant of the Mosin-Nagant M91/30 rifle with a PU scope when he is "promoted" to sniper. The Sniper version of the M91/30 is used by the other Soviet snipers, most notably master sniper Koulikov (Ron Perlman), Tania Chernova (Rachel Weisz), and junior snipers Volodya (Ivan Shvedoff) and Ludmilla (Sophie Rois). The use of the PU scope is anachronistic, as the Mosin-Nagant rifle with PU scope did not appear until 1943, after the Battle of Stalingrad. Zaitsev actually carried a Mosin-Nagant with an earlier PEM scope.

Mosin Nagant 91/30 Sniper Variant with Russian PU Sniper Scope and down-turned bolt handle - 7.62x54mm R
A Mosin Nagant rifle in the hands of Zaitsev's grandfather (Mikhail Matveev) hunting wolves in a flashback sequence. The rifle, supposedly meant to be an M1891, is actually the M91/30 Sniper variant, noted by the turned down bolt handle (standard 1891s and 91/30s have straight handles) as well as wooden grooves in the foregrip and the holes drilled through the receiver (as seen in the walls of the chamber) for the scope mount screws.
Closeup of the Mosin Nagant 91/30 Sniper Variant with Russian PU Sniper Scope and down-turned bolt handle.
Vasily Zaitsev (Jude Law) takes aim with a Mosin Nagant M91/30 sniper rifle.
Koulikov aims his Mosin Nagant Sniper Rifle.
Koulikov (Ron Perlman) ready to fire his Mosin Nagant Sniper Rifle. Note how the scope is too far from his eye for proper eye relief.
Tania Chernova (Rachel Weisz) back crawls to avoid Major König's rifle fire with a Mosin Nagant Sniper Rifle.
Zaitsev's Mosin Nagant Sniper rifle on the ground.
Zaitsev takes aim at Major König in the destroyed warehouse.
Vasily Zaitsev (Jude Law) with his camouflaged M91/30 rifle.

Mosin Nagant M91/30

The Mosin Nagant M91/30 is used by nearly all Soviet infantry enlisted men in the film. Also used by Vasily Zaitsev (Jude Law) at the first battle he experiences in Stalingrad.

Mosin Nagant 91/30 rifle - 7.62x54mm R
Russian infantry charge holding M91/30s at the first battle in Stalingrad.
Junior Politruk Danilov (Joseph Fiennes) aims an M91/30 rifle at the Germans.
After dispatching four German soldiers from cover, Zaitsev rises to a crouch and aims his M91/30 at the fifth and last.
Red Army soldiers fight with M91/30 Rifles in the ruins of Stalingrad.

Mosin Nagant M38

The Mosin Nagant M38 Carbine is seen carried by Tania Chernova (Rachel Weisz), when she first encounters Vasily Zaitsev.

Mosin Nagant M38 Carbine - 7.62x54mm R
When Tania Chernova (Rachel Weisz) first enters the basement, she is carrying a Mosin Nagant M38 Carbine. Note that she does not use the leather 'rings' of the traditional Mosin Nagant Sling, instead she sticks one end through the buttstock sling opening (like a K98 Rifle). Probably a field expedient to a damaged rifle sling.
Tania sets her Mosin Nagant M38 Carbine against the wall next to Vasilis' Sniper Rifle.


Tokarev TT-33 Pistol

The Tokarev TT-33 pistol is used by Soviet officers and political officers (NKVD NCOs and officers).

Tokarev TT-33 - 7.62x25mm Tokarev - Post-1947 version.
A political officer aims his Tokarev TT-33. Note that this pistol appears to have the finer cocking serrations, indicating it is a likely a later (and thus, anachronistic) variant.
Tokarev TT-33 - 7.62x25mm Tokarev - Pre-1947 version.
Nikita Khrushchev (Bob Hoskins) hands a Red Army General (Hans Martin Stier) his Tokarev TT-33 pistol to commit suicide. Note the shape of the cocking serrations which is typical for pre-1947 version of TT.

Nagant M1895 Revolver

The Nagant M1895 Revolver is used by Red Army and NKVD political officers.

Nagant M1895 Revolver - 7.62x38mm Nagant
Political officer fires his Nagant M1895 Revolver at soldiers who jumped in the river.
On the right, Red Army and NKVD political officers fire at the retreating soldiers with their Nagant M1895 Revolver.

Submachine Guns


The PPSh-41 Submachine Gun was used by Russian NCOs and by NKVD blocking troops as well as standard Red Army soldiers during the battle of Stalingrad.

Soviet PPSh-41 Submachine Gun - 7.62x25mm Tokarev
On the left, a Red Army political officer opens fire with a PPSh-41 on his own retreating troops.
Political officers fire with PPSh-41s.

Machine Guns

Degtyarov DPM

At the Soviet HQ, Russian guards are seen using the Degtyarov DPM Machine Gun.

Degtyarev DPM - 7.62x54mm R
At the Soviet HQ, some of the guards have Degtyarov DPM Machine Gun - 7.62x54R

Maxim M1910/30

Russian Maxim M1910/30 machine guns can be seen in various fortified positions and on the troop transport train.

Russian Maxim 1910/30, post 1941 manufacture with top hatch on cooling jacket allowing it to be filled more quickly or with snow - 7.62x54mm R
NKVD blocking troops ready their M1910/30 Machine gun. Note the post-1941 shape of the cooling jacket.


The DShK heavy machine gun is seen rear mounted on a Russian boat first seen transporting Nikita Khrushchev (Bob Hoskins) and then later transporting Zaitsev (Jude Law) and Koulikov (Ron Perlman).

Russian DShK on Tripod - 12.7x108mm
A DShK mounted on the back of a Russian boat.
Seen behind the Soviet sailors is a DShK mounted on the deck.


M1940 (72-K) Soviet 25mm Anti Aircraft Gun

An M1940 72-K 25mm Soviet Anti Aircraft gun can be seen on the troop transport train. A Maxim/Sokolov M1910-30 Machine Gun can be seen in the front.

85mm Air Defense Gun M1939 (52-K)

85mm Air Defense Gun M1939 (52-K) - 85x629mm R
An 85mm Air Defense Gun M1939 (52-K) is seen in the background.

German Army Weapons


Mauser Karabiner 98k Sniper Rifle

A Mauser Karabiner 98k Sniper Rifle (hand selected barrels with hard points for a scope mount and a scope) is seen used by Major Erwin König (Ed Harris).

Karabiner 98k with Zeiss ZF42 scope - 7.92x57mm Mauser
A Mauser 98k Sniper Rifle seen here attached to a fire-damaged department store mannequin, that Major König uses as a decoy. Note that this rifle's scope doesn't have the lens hood that König uses.
A closeup of the Scoped Mauser 98k Sniper rifle used by König.
A closup of König's Mauser 98k in his room.
Major König aims his Mauser 98k Sniper Rifle at Vasily Zaitsev (Jude Law) in the tractor factory.
Major König scans the tractor factory.
Major Erwin König (Ed Harris) looks out with his Karabiner 98k Sniper Rifle.

Mauser Karabiner 98k

The infantry version of the Mauser Karabiner 98k is used by German soldiers.

Karabiner 98k - German manufacture 1937 date - 7.92x57mm
German soldiers ready their Karabiner 98k Rifles.
A line of Karabiner 98k Rifles, ready to fire on Russian troops.
Major König removes a Karabiner 98k from the hands of a dead German soldier before he moved the body out of the way.
A German MP aims his Karabiner 98k at a soldier pick-pocketing the dead.


Luger P08

The German NCO briefing Major König (Ed Harris) has a holster at his side indicating he carries a Luger P08.

Luger P08 - 9x19mm
A German Feldwebel with a Luger P08 in his holster.

Submachine Guns


The MP38 can be seen by various German soldiers, usually older NCOs. The precursor to the MP40, finely machined and more difficult to manufacture, the MP38 was phased out in favor of the stamped sheet metal MP40.

MP38 - 9x19mm
A German Schütze shoots dead Russians in the fountain with his MP38.
A German Feldwebel peers out across the battlefield with his MP38.


The MP40 is used by German soldiers, usually infantry NCOs or Armored troops.

MP40 - 9x19mm
German soldiers shoot at the Russians with their MP40s.


The MP41 (a more expensive, wooden stock version of the MP40) is used by one of the German soldiers firing into the fountain filled with dead Russians.

MP41 - 9x19mm
A German (right) fires his MP41.

Machine Guns


The MG34 is used by German infantry in fortified positions.

MG34 with front and rear sights folded down - 7.92x57mm Mauser
MG34 in a fortified German position ready to shoot at Russians.


The MG42 is used by German soldiers.

MG42 with bipod extended - 7.92mm Mauser
MG42 fired by German soldiers.
MG42 fired by German soldiers.


Model 24 Stielhandgranate

A German NCO tries to throw a Model 24 Stielhandgranate at Vasily Zaitsev (Jude Law) in the fountain before being killed.

Model 24 Stielhandgranate.
A German Feldwebel unscrews the cap of his Model 24 Stielhandgranate.

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